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§ 151.3. Unidentified persons--Missing persons--Data procedures

Oklahoma Statutes AnnotatedTitle 74. State GovernmentEffective: November 1, 2019

Oklahoma Statutes Annotated
Title 74. State Government (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 5. State Bureau of Investigation
Effective: November 1, 2019
74 Okl.St.Ann. § 151.3
§ 151.3. Unidentified persons--Missing persons--Data procedures
A. As used in this section:
1. “Missing person” means any person, including a child under eighteen (18) years of age, reported to Oklahoma law enforcement as missing and unaccounted for from expected and normal activities; and
2. “Unidentified person” means any person living or deceased who is unidentified after all available methods have been exhausted. This includes any decedent released to the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) where the identity of the decedent cannot be established to the satisfaction of the Chief Medical Examiner.
B. Unidentified Persons. The OCME and the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI) shall input the following data, if available for unidentified persons, into the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUs), created by the National Institute of Justice of the United States Department of Justice:
1. Copies of fingerprints on standardized eight inch by eight inch (8” x 8”) fingerprint cards or the equivalent digital image; prints or partial prints of any fingers;
2. Any forensic dental report or radiology imaging;
3. Detailed personal descriptions;
4. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) information;
5. Radiology imaging and medical data; and
6. All other identifying data, including date and place of death.
C. Missing Persons. Once a missing persons report is received, the law enforcement agency shall initiate the following procedures within thirty (30) days of receiving the report:
1. Submit the missing persons case to NamUs and to any database of missing persons currently required by the agency, providing all appropriate data;
2. Locate and obtain biometric records, including medical and dental records, medical and dental X-rays or other medical imaging, and enter the records into NamUs. All medical and dental records obtained shall be considered confidential and shall not be released to the public;
3. Utilize NamUs family reference sample (FRS) submission kits, obtain voluntary DNA samples from appropriate family members to submit to an institution of higher education that specializes in DNA identification for a full genetic profile, including testing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), short tandem repeats on the Y-chromosome (Y-STR) and nuclear analyses, to be documented in the NamUs missing persons file and submitted to the FBI's National DNA Index System (NDIS) using the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS). If necessary, the law enforcement agency may request assistance in obtaining FRS DNA samples; and
4. Attempt to locate any fingerprints from available resources and submit those records to NamUs.
D. Upon request by local law enforcement, the OSBI shall attempt to locate any fingerprints and photographs from the available resources and submit those records to NamUs.
E. No Oklahoma law enforcement agency shall require a delay in the taking of a report of a missing person when reliable information has been provided to the law enforcement agency that the person is missing. No law enforcement agency shall mandate the appearance of a next of kin before initiating a missing persons investigation.
F. If the OSBI receives a report of a missing person from another law enforcement agency or medical examiner, the OSBI shall maintain a record of the case file. The OSBI shall promulgate rules relating to the dissemination and retention of the records. The rules shall require that the process of releasing the records shall occur as soon as practicable from the time the OSBI receives a report that a person, for whom there is a previous record, is missing.
G. The information contained in the missing persons files of the OSBI shall be available to the OCME and law enforcement agencies attempting to identify unidentified persons.
H. No law enforcement agency shall establish or maintain any policy which requires the observance of a waiting period before accepting and investigating a missing child report. Upon receipt of a report of a missing child, a law enforcement agency shall enter the child into the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) pursuant to a mandate by the Federal Bureau of Investigation which requires the name of the missing child to be entered within two (2) hours from the time the child is reported missing to the law enforcement agency.
I. When a person previously reported missing has been found or when an unidentified person has been identified, the reporting agency or OCME shall report to NamUs within twenty-four (24) hours that the person has been found and that the case can be archived within NamUs.
J. Nothing in this section prohibits a law enforcement agency or the OCME from maintaining case files related to missing persons or unidentified bodies.
K. Nothing in this section supersedes the authority of the OCME to obtain dental or medical records, including X-rays, in cases in which these records are necessary for the identification of human remains.
L. The Council on Law Enforcement Education and Training (CLEET) shall establish appropriate training resources focused on the investigations of unidentified and missing persons and shall require all CLEET-certified law enforcement officers to complete such training on a regular basis to be determined by CLEET. Such training may be conducted in conjunction with resources available through NamUs.


Laws 2019, c. 46, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2019.
74 Okl. St. Ann. § 151.3, OK ST T. 74 § 151.3
Current with emergency effective legislation through Chapter 106 of the Second Regular Session of the 59th Legislature (2024). Some sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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