Michigan Official Historical Reports Help
Searching with Terms and Connectors
Type a query, up to 640 characters, using key terms from your issue and connectors to specify the relationship between terms. To retrieve variations of terms, use the root expander (!) and universal character (*).
To retrieve words with variant endings, use the root expander (!). When you place an exclamation point (!) at the end of a root term, you retrieve all possible endings of that root. For example, obey! retrieves obey, obeys, obeyed and obeying.
The universal character (*) represents one character. You can place the universal character within or at the end of a term. When you place the universal character within a term, it requires that a character appear in that position. For example, fea*t retrieves feast but not feat.
When you place the universal character at the end of a term, you specify the maximum length of that term. For example, object*** retrieves object, objects, objected, objective, objection and objecting but not objectionable.
|Connector||Type this||To retrieve documents that contain|
|AND||&||Both search terms:
narcotics & warrant
|OR||(a space)||Either search term or both terms:
|Phrase||" "||Search terms appearing in the same order as in the quotation marks:
|Grammatical Connectors||/s||Search terms in the same sentence:
design*** /s defect!
|/p||Search terms in the same paragraph:
hearsay /p utterance
|+s||The first term preceding the second within the same sentence:
palsgraf +s island
|+p||The first term preceding the second within the same paragraph:
ti(mikkelson +p mikkelson)
|Numerical Connectors||/n||Search terms within "n" terms of each other (where "n" is a number from 1-255):
person** /3 jurisdiction
|+n||The first term preceding the second by "n" terms (where "n" is a number from 1-255):
20 +5 1080
|BUT NOT||%||None of the terms following the percent symbol:
laminectomy % to(413)
Use the % connector with caution; it may cause relevant documents to be excluded from your search result.
Restricting Your Search by Field
Thomson Reuters Westlaw allows restricting searching to "fields" or sections of a document rather than searching the entire document.
|To search by||Type this|
|a title or case name:||ti(staeger)|
|a Citation:||ci(871 +2 1998)|
|Within Opinions:||op(department /s "standing to file")|
|Full-Text:||ft("administrative hearings" /5 appoint /10 "qualified interpreter" /3 unavailable)|
Viewing the Citations List
To view a document in the citations list, click its hypertext link. To return to the citations list from a document, click Cite List at the bottom of the page. To edit or refine your search terms, click Edit Search at the bottom of the citations list.
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