Home Table of Contents

§ 11.707. Awards

Purdon's Pennsylvania Statutes and Consolidated StatutesTitle 18 P.S. Crimes and OffensesEffective: September 9, 2022

Purdon's Pennsylvania Statutes and Consolidated Statutes
Title 18 P.S. Crimes and Offenses
Chapter 2. Crime Victims Act (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 7. Compensation
Effective: September 9, 2022
18 P.S. § 11.707
§ 11.707. Awards
<Section 16 of Act 2022, July 11, P.L. 775, No. 77, provides that the amendment of this section by that Act shall apply to claims where the crime occurred after April 7, 2023.>
(a) Requirements.--No award shall be made unless it is determined by a preponderance of the evidence that:
(1) A crime was committed.
(2) The person injured or killed was a direct victim or intervenor.
(3) The crime was promptly reported to the proper authorities.
(4) The direct victim, intervenor or claimant has fully cooperated with all law enforcement agencies and the Office of Victims' Services, unless the Office of Victims' Services finds the noncompliance to have been justified consistent with the Office of Victims' Services regulations. The Office of Victims' Services shall ensure that the regulations relating to cooperation with all law enforcement agencies of a direct victim, intervenor or claimant comply with all applicable Federal laws and regulations.
(a.1) Protection from abuse.--A claimant who satisfies the eligibility requirements of subsection (a)(1), (2) and (4) may satisfy the eligibility requirement under subsection (a)(3) for reporting a crime to the proper authorities by commencing an action brought in accordance with 23 Pa.C.S. Ch. 61 (relating to protection from abuse) and as provided for in the Pennsylvania Rules of Civil Procedure. In no case may an award be made if the record shows that the petition was:
(1) Withdrawn, unless the Office of Victims' Services finds the withdrawal to have been justified, consistent with regulations of the Office of Victims' Services.
(2) (Reserved).
(a.2) Sexual violence and intimidation orders.--A claimant who satisfies the eligibility requirements of subsection (a)(1), (2) and (4) may satisfy the eligibility requirement under subsection (a)(3) for reporting a crime to the proper authorities by commencing an action brought in accordance with 42 Pa.C.S. Ch. 62A (relating to protection of victims of sexual violence or intimidation) and as provided for in the Pennsylvania Rules of Civil Procedure. An award may not be made if the record shows that the petition was withdrawn, except if the Office of Victims' Services finds the withdrawal to have been justified, consistent with regulations of the Office of Victims' Services.
(b) Amount.--
(1) Any award made under this chapter shall be contingent upon funds being available and be in an amount not exceeding out-of-pocket loss, together with loss of past, present or future earnings or support resulting from such injury. In no case shall the total amount of an award exceed $35,000 except for payment of the following:
(i) counseling, the maximum amount of which shall be in accordance with paragraph (4.1);
(ii) forensic rape examination and medications directly related to the sexual assault or rape, the amount of which shall not exceed $1,000; or
(iii) reasonable and necessary costs of cleaning the crime scene of a private residence or privately owned motor vehicle, the amount of which shall not exceed $500.
(2) An award made for loss of earnings or loss of support shall, unless reduced pursuant to other provisions of this chapter, be in an amount equal to the actual loss sustained. The following shall apply:
(i) No such award shall exceed the average weekly wage for all persons covered by the act of December 5, 1936 (2nd Sp.Sess., 1937 P.L. 2897, No. 1),1 known as the Unemployment Compensation Law, in this Commonwealth as determined annually by the Department of Labor and Industry for each week of lost earnings or support.
(ii) Except as set forth in subparagraph (iii), the aggregate award for the loss shall not exceed $15,000.
(iii) In the case of death of a direct victim or intervenor, the aggregate award shall not exceed $20,000.
(3) If an order of restitution has been entered on behalf of the direct victim, those amounts actually collected shall be applied first to property losses incident to the crime and secondly to personal injury losses as set forth in subsection (f).
(4) An award for counseling performed by or under the supervision of a psychiatrist, psychologist, licensed professional counselor or licensed social worker and reimbursement of associated transportation costs, subject to the provisions of paragraph (4.1), may be made to:
(i) a direct victim;
(ii) an individual responsible for the direct victim's welfare;
(iii) an intervenor or individual who is physically present at the crime scene and witnesses a violent crime;
(iv) in the case of a homicide, an individual who discovers the body;
(v) anyone related to the direct victim within the second degree of consanguinity or affinity;
(vi) anyone maintaining a common-law relationship with the direct victim;
(vii) anyone residing in the same household with the direct victim; or
(viii) anyone engaged to be married to the direct victim.
(4.1) In the case of an award made pursuant to paragraph (4), the following shall apply:
(i) The amount of an award under paragraph (4)(i) shall not exceed $5,000 where the direct victim is an adult and shall not exceed $10,000 where the direct victim is a minor. A minor who is a direct victim of a sexual offense may request that the minor's primary insurance carrier not be billed for counseling services if the policy is held or administered by either the alleged perpetrator of the crime against the direct victim or an individual responsible for the minor's welfare that is not supportive of counseling services.
(ii) The amount of an award under paragraph (4)(ii), (v), (vi), (vii) or (viii) shall not exceed $2,500 except in the case of a homicide whereby the amount of this award shall not exceed $5,000.
(iii) The amount of an award under paragraph (4)(iii) or (iv) shall not exceed $1,500.
(5) An award for the reasonable and necessary costs for the replacement of prosthetic devices, wheelchairs, canes, walkers, hearing aids, eyeglasses or other corrective lenses, dental devices or prescription medications damaged or stolen as a result of the crime shall be at a rate set by the Office of Victims' Services. Expenses for prosthetic devices, wheelchairs, canes, walkers, hearing aids, eyeglasses or other corrective lenses, dental devices or prescription medications needed as a result of the crime shall be counted against the $35,000 award limitation.
(c) Public assistance.--Provisions of awards made pursuant to a statute compensating or benefiting a direct victim or claimant shall in no way affect the claimant's or direct victim's eligibility under public assistance or any other Federal or Commonwealth social benefit or assistance program.
(d) Apportionment.--If there are two or more individuals entitled to an award as a result of the death of a direct victim or intervenor, the award shall be apportioned among the claimants.
(e) Reduction.--Except as otherwise provided in this act, an award made under this chapter shall be reduced by the amount of any payments received or to be received by the claimant as a result of the injury:
(1) from or on behalf of the individual who committed the crime;
(2) under any insurance or health and welfare programs, including those mandated by law;
(3) under any contract of insurance wherein the claimant is the beneficiary;
(4) from public funds;
(5) as an emergency award under section 706;2
(6) under any pension program, including those providing for disability or survivor's benefits; or
(7) under a settlement or award made by or on behalf of a party alleged to be responsible in whole or in part for the injury, without regard to the party's criminal culpability.
(f) Direct victim responsibility.--
(1) Except as set forth in paragraphs (2), (3) and (4), in determining the amount of an award, the Office of Victims' Services shall determine whether the direct victim or intervenor, because of conduct, contributed to the infliction of the injury. The Office of Victims' Services may reduce the amount or deny the claim altogether in accordance with the determination.
(2) If the crime involved is rape or sexual assault, the conduct of the direct victim shall not be considered. If the crime involved is related to domestic violence, the conduct of the direct victim shall not be considered unless the direct victim was the primary aggressor.
(3) If the crime involved is a homicide, the conduct of the direct victim shall not be considered for claims by eligible claimants for counseling and funeral expenses.
(4) The conduct of the direct victim or intervenor shall not be considered for claims by eligible claimants for counseling.
(g) Intervenor responsibility.--In determining the amount of an award to an intervenor, the Office of Victims' Services shall consider whether the intervenor, because of conduct, contributed to the infliction of the injury. The Office of Victims' Services may reduce the amount or deny the claim altogether in accordance with the determination.
(h) Forensic rape investigation.--
(1) A hospital or other licensed health care provider may submit a claim for reimbursement for the cost of a forensic rape examination if the cost is not covered by insurance or if the victim requests that the insurance carrier not be billed. Upon filing of a claim, the Office of Victims' Services shall promptly notify the prosecutor of the county where the crime is alleged to have occurred. The reimbursement, where applicable, shall be at a rate set by the Office of Victims' Services.
(2) The cost of a forensic rape examination and the cost of medications prescribed to the direct victim shall not be charged to the victim.
(3) A sexual assault or rape victim need not be an applicant for any other compensation under this chapter.

Credits

1998, Nov. 24, P.L. 882, No. 111, § 707, imd. effective. Amended 2002, June 28, P.L. 496, No. 85, § 4, effective in 60 days; 2002, Dec. 3, P.L. 1177, No. 144, § 1, imd. effective; 2022, July 11, P.L. 775, No. 77, § 11, effective in 60 days [Sept. 9, 2022].

Footnotes

43 P.S. § 751 et seq.
18 P.S. § 11.706.
18 P.S. § 11.707, PA ST 18 P.S. § 11.707
Current through 2022 Regular Session Act 121. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
End of Document