(a) Powers and duties.--A school entity or nonpublic school may confer the following powers and duties upon school resource officers:
(1) To assist in the identification of physical changes in the environment which may reduce crime in or around the school.
(2) To assist in developing school policy which addresses crime and to recommend procedural changes.
(3) To develop and educate students in crime prevention and safety.
(4) To train students in conflict resolution, restorative justice and crime awareness.
(5) To address crime and violence issues, gangs and drug activities affecting or occurring in or around a school.
(6) To develop or expand community justice initiatives for students.
(1) Prior to entering upon the duties of the office, a school resource officer shall successfully complete the Basic School Resource Officer Course of Instruction offered by the National Association of School Resource Officers or an equivalent course of instruction approved by the commission.
(2) A school resource officer who is stationed in a school entity or nonpublic school before September 2, 2019, shall have until the beginning of the 2020-2021 school year to complete the instruction.
(b) Intergovernmental agreements for school resource officers.--
(1) The board of school directors of a school district may enter into agreements with other political subdivisions to provide for school resource officers, subject to the statutory authority of school resource officers.
(2) The board of school directors may use school funds to share costs with municipalities and counties for such expenses as benefits and salaries of school resource officers.
(3) School resource officers are not required to be employees of the school district and may be employees of other political subdivisions.