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§ 5706. Exceptions to prohibitions in possession, sale, distribution, manufacture or advertisem...

Purdon's Pennsylvania Statutes and Consolidated StatutesTitle 18 Pa.C.S.A. Crimes and OffensesEffective: September 5, 2017

Purdon's Pennsylvania Statutes and Consolidated Statutes
Title 18 Pa.C.S.A. Crimes and Offenses (Refs & Annos)
Part II. Definition of Specific Offenses (Refs & Annos)
Article F. Offenses Against Public Order and Decency
Chapter 57. Wiretapping and Electronic Surveillance (Refs & Annos)
Subchapter B. Wire, Electronic or Oral Communication (Refs & Annos)
Effective: September 5, 2017
18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5706
§ 5706. Exceptions to prohibitions in possession, sale, distribution, manufacture or advertisement of electronic, mechanical or other devices
(a) Unlawful activities.--It shall not be unlawful under this chapter for:
(1) a provider of wire or electronic communication service or an officer, agent or employee of, or a person under contract with, such a provider, in the normal course of the business of providing the wire or electronic communication service; or
(2) a person under contract with the United States, the Commonwealth or a political subdivision thereof, a state or a political subdivision thereof, or an officer, agent or employee of the United States, the Commonwealth or a political subdivision thereof, or a state or a political subdivision thereof, to possess, sell, distribute, manufacture, assemble or advertise an electronic, mechanical or other device, while acting in furtherance of the appropriate activities of the United States, the Commonwealth or a political subdivision thereof, a state or a political subdivision thereof or a provider of wire or electronic communication service.
(b) Responsibility.--
(1) Except as provided under paragraph (2), the Attorney General and the district attorney or their designees so designated in writing shall have the sole responsibility to buy, possess and loan any electronic, mechanical or other device which is to be used by investigative or law enforcement officers for purposes of interception as authorized under section 5704(2), (5) and (12) (relating to exceptions to prohibition of interception and disclosure of communications), 5712 (relating to issuance of order and effect), 5713 (relating to emergency situations) or 5713.1 (relating to emergency hostage and barricade situations).
(2) The division or bureau or section of the Pennsylvania State Police responsible for conducting the training in the technical aspects of wiretapping and electronic surveillance as required by section 5724 (relating to training) may buy and possess any electronic, mechanical or other device which is to be used by investigative or law enforcement officers for purposes of interception as authorized under section 5704(2), (5) and (12), 5712, 5713 or 5713.1 for the purpose of training. However, any electronic, mechanical or other device bought or possessed under this provision may be loaned to or used by investigative or law enforcement officers for purposes of interception as authorized under section 5704(2), (5) and (12), 5712, 5713 or 5713.1 only upon written approval by the Attorney General or a deputy attorney general designated in writing by the Attorney General or the district attorney or an assistant district attorney designated in writing by the district attorney of the county wherein the suspected criminal activity has been, is or is about to occur.
(3) With the permission of the Attorney General or a district attorney who has designated any supervising law enforcement officer for purposes of interceptions as authorized under section 5713.1, the law enforcement agency which employs the supervising law enforcement officer may buy, possess, loan or borrow any electronic, mechanical or other device which is to be used by investigative or law enforcement officers at the direction of the supervising law enforcement officer solely for the purpose of interception as authorized under sections 5704(12) and 5713.1.
(4) The Pennsylvania State Police shall annually establish equipment standards for any electronic, mechanical or other device which is to be used by law enforcement officers for purposes of recording a communication under circumstances within paragraph (2) of the definition of “oral communication” in section 5702 (relating to definitions). The equipment standards shall be published annually in the Pennsylvania Bulletin.
(5) The Pennsylvania State Police shall annually establish and publish standards in the Pennsylvania Bulletin for the secure onsite and off-site storage of an audio recording made in accordance with paragraph (4) or any accompanying video recording. The standards shall comply with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Security Policy.
(6) A vendor to law enforcement agencies which stores data related to audio recordings and video recordings shall, at a minimum, comply with the standards set forth by the Pennsylvania State Police under paragraphs (4) and (5). Law enforcement agencies under contract with a vendor for the storage of data before the effective date of this paragraph1 shall comply with paragraphs (4) and (5) and this paragraph upon expiration or renewal of the contract.

Credits

1978, Oct. 4, P.L. 831, No. 164, § 2, effective in 60 days. Amended 1988, Oct. 21, P.L. 1000, No. 115, § 5, imd. effective; 1998, Feb. 18, P.L. 102, No. 19, § 7, imd. effective; 2002, June 11, P.L. 367, No. 52, § 1, imd. effective; 2002, Dec. 9, P.L. 1350, No. 162, § 4, effective in 60 days; 2017, July 7, P.L. 304, No. 22, § 2, effective in 60 days [Sept. 5, 2017].

Footnotes

Subsec. (b)(6) was added by 2017, July 7, P.L. 304, No. 22, § 2, effective in 60 days [Sept. 5, 2017].
18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5706, PA ST 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5706
Current through 2022 Regular Session Act 121. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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