11 CRR-NY 216.13NY-CRR

OFFICIAL COMPILATION OF CODES, RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
TITLE 11. INSURANCE
CHAPTER IX. UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES
PART 216. UNFAIR CLAIMS SETTLEMENT PRACTICES AND CLAIM COST CONTROL MEASURES
11 CRR-NY 216.13
11 CRR-NY 216.13
216.13 Mediation.
(a) This section shall apply to any claim filed by an individual or small business claimant on or after May 30, 2020 for loss of or damage to real property, loss of or damage to personal property, or other liabilities for loss of, damage to, or injury to persons or property resulting from a riot or civil commotion in this State, where the superintendent has determined that it is in the best interests of the people of this State for such provision to apply. For the purpose of this subdivision, small business means any business that is resident in this State, is independently owned and operated, and employs 100 or fewer individuals.
(b)
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subdivision, an insurer shall send the notice required by paragraph (3) of this subdivision to a claimant, or the claimant’s authorized representative:
(i) at the time the insurer denies a claim in whole or in part;
(ii) within 10 business days of the date that the insurer receives notification from a claimant that the claimant disputes a settlement offer made by the insurer, provided that the difference between the positions of the insurer and claimant is $1,000 or more; or
(iii) within 2 business days after the date that is 45 days after the insurer has received a properly executed proof of loss and all items, statements and forms that the insurer had requested from the claimant, provided that the insurer has not offered to settle the claim prior to such date.
(2) If, prior to June 5, 2020 the insurer denied a claim in whole or in part, or a claimant disputed a settlement offer, and the claim still remains unresolved as of June 5, 2020, then the insurer shall provide the notice required by paragraph (3) of this subdivision within 10 business days from June 5, 2020.
(3) The notice specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subdivision shall inform the claimant of the claimant’s right to request mediation and shall provide instructions on how the claimant may request mediation, including the name, address, phone number, and fax number of an organization designated by the superintendent to provide a mediator to mediate claims pursuant to this section. The notice shall also provide the insurer’s address and phone number for requesting additional information.
(c) If the claimant submits a request for mediation to the insurer, the insurer shall forward the request to the designated organization within three business days of receiving the request.
(d) The insurer shall pay the designated organization’s fee for the mediation to the designated organization within five days of the insurer receiving a bill from the designated organization.
(e)
(1) The mediation shall be conducted in accordance with procedures established by the designated organization and approved by the superintendent.
(2) A mediation may be conducted by face-to-face meeting of the parties, videoconference, or telephone conference, as determined by the designated organization in consultation with the parties.
(3) A mediation may address any disputed issues for a claim to which this section applies, except that a mediation shall not address, and the insurer shall not be required to attend a mediation for:
(i) a dispute in property valuation that has been submitted to an appraisal process or a claim that is the subject of a civil action filed by the claimant against the insurer, unless the insurer and the claimant agree otherwise;
(ii) any claim that the insurer has reason to believe is a fraudulent insurance act, as defined in Insurance Law section 403(a), or for which the insurer has knowledge that a fraudulent insurance act has taken place; or
(iii) any type of dispute that the designated organization has excepted from its mediation process in accordance with the organization’s procedures approved by the superintendent.
(f)
(1) The insurer shall participate in good faith in all mediations scheduled by the designated organization, which shall at a minimum include compliance with paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of this subdivision.
(2) The insurer shall send a representative to the mediation who is knowledgeable with respect to the particular claim, and who has authority to make a binding claims decision on behalf of the insurer and to issue payment on behalf of the insurer. The insurer’s representative shall bring to the mediation a copy of the policy and the entire claims file, including all relevant documentation and correspondence with the claimant.
(3) The insurer’s representative shall not continuously disrupt the process, become unduly argumentative or adversarial or otherwise inhibit the negotiations.
(4) An insurer that does not alter its original decision on the claim is not, on that basis alone, failing to act in good faith if it provides a reasonable explanation for its action.
(g) A claimant’s right to request mediation pursuant to this section shall not affect any other right the claimant may have to redress the dispute, including remedies specified in the insurance policy, such as a claimant’s right to request an appraisal, the right to litigate the dispute in the courts if no agreement is reached, or any right provided by law.
(h)
(1) No organization shall be designated by the superintendent unless it agrees that:
(i) the superintendent shall oversee the operational procedures of the designated organization with respect to administration of the mediation program, and shall have access to all systems, databases, and records related to the mediation program; and
(ii) the organization shall make reports to the superintendent in whatever form and as often as the superintendent prescribes.
(2) No organization shall be designated unless its procedures, approved by the superintendent, require that:
(i) the parties agree in writing prior to the mediation that statements made during the mediation are confidential and will not be admitted into evidence in any civil litigation concerning the claim, except with respect to any proceeding or investigation of insurance fraud;
(ii) a settlement agreement reached in a mediation shall be transcribed into a written agreement, on a form approved by the superintendent, that is signed by a representative of the insurer with the authority to do so and by the claimant; and
(iii) a settlement agreement prepared during a mediation shall include a provision affording the claimant a right to rescind the agreement within three business days from the date of the settlement, provided that the claimant has not cashed or deposited any check or draft disbursed to the claimant for the disputed matter as a result of the agreement reached in the mediation.
(3) No organization shall be designated unless its procedures, approved by the superintendent, provide that:
(i) the mediator may terminate a mediation session if the mediator determines that either the insurer’s representative or the claimant is not participating in the mediation in good faith, or if even after good faith efforts, a settlement cannot be reached;
(ii) the designated organization may schedule additional mediation sessions if it believes the sessions may result in a settlement;
(iii) the designated organization may require the insurer to send a different representative to a rescheduled mediation session if the representative has not participated in good faith, the fee for which shall be paid for by the insurer; and
(iv) the designated organization may reschedule a mediation session if the mediator determines that the claimant is not participating in good faith, but only if the claimant pays the organization’s fee for the mediation.
11 CRR-NY 216.13
Current through November 30, 2020
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