6 CRR-NY 374-1.9NY-CRR

OFFICIAL COMPILATION OF CODES, RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
TITLE 6. DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
CHAPTER IV. QUALITY SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B. SOLID WASTES
PART 374. MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTE
SUBPART 374-1. STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES
6 CRR-NY 374-1.9
6 CRR-NY 374-1.9
374-1.9 Conditional exemption low-level mixed waste storage, treatment, transportation and disposal.
(a) Terms.
(1) What definitions apply to this section? This section uses the following special definitions:
(i) Agreement state means a state, such as New York State, that has entered into an agreement with the NRC under subsection 274b of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954. as amended (68 Stat. 919), as incorporated by reference in section 370.1(e)(7) of this Title, to assume responsibility for regulating within its borders byproduct, source, or special nuclear material in quantities not sufficient to form a critical mass.
(ii) Certified delivery means certified mail with return receipt requested, or equivalent courier service, or other means, that provides the sender with a receipt confirming delivery.
(iii) Department refers to the definition in section 370.2(b) of this Title.
(iv) Eligible naturally occurring and/or accelerator-produced radioactive material (NARM) is NARM that is eligible for the transportation and disposal conditional exemption. It is a NARM waste that contains RCRA hazardous waste, meets the waste acceptance criteria of, and is allowed by State NARM regulations to be disposed of at a low-level radioactive waste disposal facility (LLRWDF) licensed in accordance with 10 CFR part 61 or NRC agreement state equivalent regulations.
(v) Exempted waste means a waste that meets the eligibility criteria in paragraph (b)(2) of this section and meets all of the conditions in paragraph (b)(3) of this section, or meets the eligibility criteria in paragraph (i)(1) of this section and complies with all the conditions in paragraph (j)(1) of this section. Such waste is conditionally exempted from the regulatory definition of hazardous waste described in section 371.1(d) of this Title.
(vi) Hazardous waste means any material which is defined to be hazardous waste in accordance with section 371.1(d) of this Title, "Definition of hazardous waste."
(vii) Land disposal restriction (LDR) treatment standards means treatment standards, under Part 376 of this Title, that a RCRA hazardous waste must meet before it can be disposed of in a RCRA hazardous waste land disposal unit.
(viii) License means a license as defined in section 380-2.1 of this Title.
(ix) Low-level mixed waste (LLMW) is a waste that contains both low-level radioactive waste and RCRA hazardous waste.
(x) Low-level radioactive waste (LLW) is a radioactive waste which contains source, special nuclear, or byproduct material, and which is not classified as high-level radioactive waste, transuranic waste, spent nuclear fuel, or byproduct material as defined in section 11e(2) of the Atomic Energy Act. (See also definition in section 382.2 of this Title.)
(xi) Mixed waste means a waste that contains both RCRA hazardous waste and source. special nuclear, or byproduct material subject to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended.
(xii) Naturally occurring and/or accelerator-produced radioactive material (NARM) means radioactive materials that:
(a) are naturally occurring and are not source, special nuclear, or byproduct materials (as defined by the AEA); or
(b) are produced by an accelerator. NARM is regulated in New York State under State law, or by DOE (as authorized by the AEA) under DOE orders.
(xiii) NRC means the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
(xiv) We or us within this section, means the department as defined in section 370.2(b) of this Title.
(xv) You means a generator, treater, or other handler of low-level mixed waste or eligible NARM.
(b) Storage and treatment conditional exemption and eligibility.
(1) What does a storage and treatment conditional exemption do? The storage and treatment conditional exemption exempts your low-level mixed waste from the regulatory definition of hazardous waste in section 371.1(d) of this Title if your waste meets the eligibility criteria in paragraph (2) of this subdivision and you meet the conditions in paragraph (3) of this subdivision.
(2) What wastes are eligible for the storage and treatment conditional exemption? Low-level mixed waste (LLMW), defined in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, is eligible for this conditional exemption if it is generated and managed by you under a single license. (Mixed waste generated at a facility with a different license number and shipped to your facility for storage or treatment requires a permit and is ineligible for this exemption. In addition, NARM waste is ineligible for this exemption.)
(3) What conditions must you meet for your LLMW to qualify for and maintain a storage and treatment exemption?
(i) For your LLMW to qualify for the exemption you must notify us in writing by certified delivery that you are claiming a conditional exemption for the LLMW stored on your facility. The dated notification must include your name, address, RCRA identification number, license number, the waste code(s) and storage unit(s) for which you are seeking an exemption, and a statement that you meet the conditions of this section. Your notification must be signed by your authorized representative who certifies that the information in the notification is true, accurate, and complete. You must notify us of your claim either within 90 days of the effective date of this rule, or within 90 days of when a storage unit is first used to store conditionally exempt LLMW.
(ii) To qualify for and maintain an exemption for your LLMW you must:
(a) store your LLMW waste in tanks or containers in compliance with the requirements of your license that apply to the proper storage of low-level radioactive waste (not including those license requirements that relate solely to recordkeeping);
(b) store your LLMW in tanks or containers in compliance with chemical compatibility requirements of a tank or container in section 373-2.9(h), or 373-2.10(j), or 373-3.9(g), or 373-3.10(j) of this Title;
(c) certify that facility personnel who manage stored conditionally exempt LLMW are trained in a manner that ensures that the conditionally exempt waste is safely managed and includes training in chemical waste management and hazardous materials incidents response that meets the personnel training standards found in section 373-3.2(g)(1)(iii) of this Title;
(d) conduct an inventory of your stored conditionally exempt LLMW at least annually and inspect it at least quarterly for compliance with this section; and
(e) maintain an accurate emergency plan and provide it to all local authorities who may have to respond to a fire, explosion, or release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents. Your plan must describe emergency response arrangements with local authorities; describe evacuation plans; list the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of all facility personnel qualified to work with local authorities as emergency coordinators; and list emergency equipment.
(c) Treatment.
(1) What waste treatment does the storage and treatment conditional exemption allow? You may treat your low-level mixed waste at your facility within a tank or container in accordance with the terms of your license. Treatment that cannot be done in a tank or container without a RCRA permit (such as incineration) is not allowed under this exemption.
(d) Loss of conditional exemption.
(1) How could you lose the conditional exemption for your LLMW and what action must you take?
(i) Your LLMW will automatically lose the storage and treatment conditional exemption if you fail to meet any of the conditions specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section. When your LLMW loses the exemption, you must immediately manage that waste which failed the condition as RCRA hazardous waste, and the storage unit storing the LLMW immediately becomes subject to RCRA hazardous waste container and/or tank storage requirements.
(a) If you fail to meet any of the conditions specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section you must report to us and the agency who issued your license, in writing by certified delivery within 30 days of learning of the failure. Your report must be signed by your authorized representative certifying that the information provided is true, accurate, and complete. This report must include:
(1) the specific condition(s) you failed to meet;
(2) a description of the LLMW (including the waste name, hazardous waste codes and quantity) and storage location at the facility; and
(3) the date(s) on which you failed to meet the condition(s).
(b) If the failure to meet any of the conditions may endanger human health or the environment, you must also immediately notify us orally within 24 hours and follow up with a written notification within five days. Failures that may endanger human health or the environment include, but are not limited to, discharge of a CERCLA reportable quantity or other leaking or exploding tanks or containers, or detection of radionuclides above background or hazardous constituents in the leachate collection system of a storage area. If the failure may endanger human health or the environment, you must follow the provisions of your emergency plan.
(ii) We may terminate your conditional exemption for your LLMW, or require you to meet additional conditions to claim a conditional exemption, for serious or repeated noncompliance with any requirement(s) of this section.
(2) If you lose the storage and treatment conditional exemption for your LLMW, can the exemption be reclaimed?
(i) You may reclaim the storage and treatment exemption for your LLMW if:
(a) you again meet the conditions specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section; and
(b) you send us a notice by certified delivery that you are reclaiming the exemption for your LLMW. Your notice must be signed by your authorized representative certifying that the information contained in your notice is true, complete, and accurate. In your notice you must do the following:
(1) explain the circumstances of each failure;
(2) certify that you have corrected each failure that caused you to lose the exemption for your LLMW and that you again meet all the conditions as of the date you specify;
(3) describe plans that you have implemented, listing specific steps you have taken, to ensure the conditions will be met in the future; and
(4) include any other information you want us to consider when we review your notice reclaiming the exemption.
(ii) We may terminate a reclaimed conditional exemption if we find that your claim is inappropriate based on factors including, but not limited to, the following: you have failed to correct the problem; you explained the circumstances of the failure unsatisfactorily; or you failed to implement a plan with steps to prevent another failure to meet the conditions of paragraph (b)(3) of this section. In reviewing a reclaimed conditional exemption under this section, we may add conditions to the exemption to ensure that waste management during storage and treatment of the LLMW will protect human health and the environment.
(e) Recordkeeping.
(1) What records must you keep at your facility and for how long?
(i) In addition to those records required by your license, you must keep records as follows:
(a) your initial notification records, return receipts, reports to us of failure(s) to meet the exemption conditions, and all records supporting any reclaim of an exemption;
(b) records of your LLMW annual inventories, and quarterly inspections;
(c) your certification that facility personnel who manage stored mixed waste are trained in safe management of LLMW including training in chemical waste management and hazardous materials incidents response; and
(d) your emergency plan as specified in subparagraph (b)(3)(ii) of this section.
(ii) You must maintain records concerning notification, personnel trained, and your emergency plan for as long as you claim this exemption and for three years thereafter, or in accordance with NRC regulations under 10 CFR part 20 (as incorporated by reference in section 380-1.6[a] of this Title), or applicable regulations in 10 NYCRR Part 16, 12 NYCRR Part 38, and article 175 of the New York City Health Code (as incorporated by reference in section 380-1.6[a] of this Title); whichever is longer. You must maintain records concerning your annual inventory and quarterly inspections for three years after the waste is sent for disposal, or in accordance with NRC regulations under 10 CFR part 20 (as incorporated by reference in section 380-1.6[a] of this Title), or applicable regulations in 10 NYCRR Part 16, 12 NYCRR Part 38, and article 175 of the New York City Health Code (as incorporated by reference in section 380-1.6[a] of this Title), whichever is longer.
(f) Reentry into RCRA.
(1) When is your LLMW no longer eligible for the storage and treatment conditional exemption?
(i) When your LLMW has met the requirements of your license for decay-in-storage and can be disposed of as non-radioactive waste, then the conditional exemption for storage no longer applies. On that date your waste is subject to hazardous waste regulation under the relevant sections of this Part and Parts 370 through 373 and 376 of this Title, and the time period for accumulation of a hazardous waste as specified in section 372.2(a)(8) of this Title begins.
(ii) When your conditionally exempt LLMW, which has been generated and stored under a single license number, is removed from storage, it is no longer eligible for the storage and treatment exemption. However, your waste may be eligible for the transportation and disposal conditional exemption at paragraph (h)(1) of this section.
(g) Storage unit closure.
(1) Do closure requirements apply to units that stored LLMW prior to the effective date of this section? Interim status and permitted storage units that have been used to store only LLMW prior to the effective date of this section and, after that date, store only LLMW which becomes exempt under this section, are not subject to the closure requirements of Subparts 373-2 and 373-3 of this Title. Storage units (for portions of units) that have been used to store both LLMW and non-mixed hazardous waste prior to the effective date of this section or are used to store both after that date remain subject to closure requirements with respect to the non-mixed hazardous waste.
(h) Transportation and disposal conditional exemption.
(1) What does the transportation and disposal conditional exemption do? This conditional exemption exempts your waste from the regulatory definition of hazardous waste in section 371.l(d) of this Title if your waste meets the eligibility criteria under paragraph (i)(1) of this section, and you meet the conditions in paragraph (j)(1) of this section.
(i) Eligibility.
(1) What wastes are eligible for the transportation and disposal conditional exemption? Eligible waste must be:
(i) a low-level mixed waste (LLMW), as defined in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, that meets the waste acceptance criteria of a LLRWDF; and/or
(ii) an eligible NARM waste, defined in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
(j) Conditions.
(1) What are the conditions you must meet for your waste to qualify for and maintain the transportation and disposal conditional exemption? You must meet the following conditions for your eligible waste to qualify for and maintain the exemption:
(i) The eligible waste must meet or be treated to meet LDR treatment standards as described in paragraph (2) of this subdivision.
(ii) If you are not already subject to Part 381 of this Title manifest and transportation regulations for the shipment of your waste, you must manifest and transport your waste according to Part 381 regulations of this Title as described in paragraph (3) of this subdivision.
(iii) The exempted waste must be in containers when it is disposed of in the LLRWDF as described in paragraph (6) of this subdivision.
(iv) The exempted waste must be disposed of at a designated LLRWDF as described in paragraph (5) of this subdivision.
(2) What treatment standards must your eligible waste meet? Your LLMW or eligible NARM waste must meet Land Disposal Restriction (LDR) treatment standards specified in section 376.4 of this Title.
(3) Are you subject to the manifest and transportation condition in subparagraph (1)(ii) of this subdivision? If you are not already subject to Part 381 of this Title manifest and transportation regulations for the shipment of your waste, you must meet the manifest requirements under section 381.12 of this Title, and the transportation requirements under section 381.11 of this Title to ship the exempted waste.
(4) When does the transportation and disposal exemption take effect? The exemption becomes effective once all the following have occurred:
(i) your eligible waste meets the applicable LDR treatment standards;
(ii) you have received return receipts that you have notified us and the LLRWDF as described in paragraph (k)(1) of this section;
(iii) you have completed the packaging and preparation for shipment requirements for your waste according to packaging and transportation regulations found under section 381.11 of this Title; and
(iv) you have prepared a manifest for your waste according to manifest regulations found under section 381.12 of this Title; and
(iv) you have placed your waste on a transportation vehicle destined for a LLRWDF licensed by NRC or an NRC agreement state.
(5) Where must your exempted waste be disposed of? Your exempted waste must be disposed of in a LLRWDF that is regulated and licensed by NRC under 10 CFR part 61 or by an NRC agreement state under equivalent State regulations, including State NARM licensing regulations for eligible NARM.
(6) What type of container must be used for disposal of exempted waste? Your exempted waste must be placed in containers before it is disposed. The container must be:
(i) a carbon steel drum;
(ii) an alternative container with equivalent containment performance in the disposal environment as a carbon steel drum; or
(iii) a high integrity container as defined by NRC.
(k) Notification.
(1) Whom must you notify?
(i) You must provide a one time notice to us stating that you are claiming the transportation and disposal conditional exemption prior to the initial shipment of an exempted waste from your facility to a LLRWDF. Your dated written notice must include your facility name, address, phone number, and RCRA ID number, and be sent by certified delivery.
(ii) You must notify the LLRWDF receiving your exempted waste by certified delivery before shipment of each exempted waste. You can only ship the exempted waste after you have received the return receipt of your notice to the LLRWDF. This notification must include the following:
(a) a statement that you have claimed the exemption for the waste;
(b) a statement that the eligible waste meets applicable LDR treatment standards;
(c) your facility's name, address, and RCRA ID number;
(d) the RCRA hazardous waste codes prior to the exemption of the waste streams;
(e) a statement that the exempted waste must be placed in a container according to paragraph (j)(6) of this section prior to disposal in order for the waste to remain exempt under the transportation and disposal conditional exemption of this section;
(f) the manifest number of the shipment that will contain the exempted waste; and
(g) a certification that all the information provided is true, complete, and accurate. The statement must be signed by your authorized representative.
(l) Recordkeeping.
(1) What records must you keep at your facility and for how long? In addition to those records required by your license, you must keep records as follows:
(i) You must follow the applicable existing recordkeeping requirements under sections 373-2.5(c), 373-3.5(c), and 376.1(g) of this Title to demonstrate that your waste has met LDR treatment standards prior to your claiming the exemption.
(ii) You must keep a copy of all notifications and return receipts required under paragraphs (m)(1) and (2) of this section for three years after the exempted waste is sent for disposal.
(iii) You must keep a copy of all notifications and return receipts required under subparagraph (k)(1)(i) of this section for three years after the last exempted waste is sent for disposal.
(iv) You must keep a copy of the notification and return receipt required under subparagraph (k)(1)(ii) of this section for three years after the exempted waste is sent for disposal.
(v) If you are not already subject to Part 381 of this Title manifest and transportation regulations for the shipment of your waste, you must also keep all other documents related to tracking the exempted waste as required under section 381.12 of this Title, including applicable NARM requirements, in addition to the records specified in subparagraphs (i) through (iv) of this paragraph.
(m) Loss of transportation and disposal conditional exemption.
(1) How could you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what actions must you take?
(i) Any waste will automatically lose the transportation and disposal exemption if you fail to manage it in accordance with all of the conditions specified in paragraph (j)(1) of this section.
(a) When you fail to meet any of the conditions specified in paragraph (j)(1) of this section for any of your wastes, you must report to us, in writing by certified delivery, within 30 days of learning of the failure. Your report must be signed by your authorized representative certifying that the information provided is true, accurate, and complete. This report must include:
(1) the specific condition(s) that you failed to meet for the waste;
(2) a description of the waste (including the waste name, hazardous waste codes and quantity) that lost the exemption; and
(3) the date(s) on which you failed to meet the condition(s) for the waste.
(b) If the failure to meet any of the conditions may endanger human health or the environment, you must also immediately notify us orally within 24 hours and follow up with a written notification within five days.
(ii) We may terminate your ability to claim a conditional exemption for your waste, or require you to meet additional conditions to claim a conditional exemption, for serious or repeated noncompliance with any requirement(s) of this section.
(2) If you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for a waste, can the exemption be reclaimed?
(i) You may reclaim the transportation and disposal exemption for a waste after you have received a return receipt confirming that we have received your notification of the loss of the exemption specified in subparagraph (1)(i) of this subdivision and if:
(a) you again meet the conditions specified in paragraph (j)(1) of this section for the waste; and
(b) you send a notice, by certified delivery, to us that you are reclaiming the exemption for the waste. Your notice must be signed by your authorized representative certifying that the information provided is true, accurate, and complete. The notice must:
(1) explain the circumstances of each failure;
(2) certify that each failure that caused you to lose the exemption for the waste has been corrected and that you again meet all conditions for the waste as of the date you specify;
(3) describe plans you have implemented, listing the specific steps that you have taken, to ensure that conditions will be met in the future; and
(4) include any other information you want us to consider when we review your notice reclaiming the exemption.
(ii) We may terminate a reclaimed conditional exemption if we find that your claim is inappropriate based on factors including, but not limited to: you have failed to correct the problem; you explained the circumstances of the failure unsatisfactorily; or you failed to implement a plan with steps to prevent another failure to meet the conditions of paragraph (j)(1) of this section. In reviewing a reclaimed conditional exemption under this section, we may add conditions to the exemption to ensure that transportation and disposal activities will protect human health and the environment.
6 CRR-NY 374-1.9
Current through March 15, 2020
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