6 CRR-NY 373-3.27NY-CRR

OFFICIAL COMPILATION OF CODES, RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
TITLE 6. DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
CHAPTER IV. QUALITY SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B. SOLID WASTES
PART 373. HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES
SUBPART 373-3. INTERIM STATUS STANDARDS REGULATIONS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES
6 CRR-NY 373-3.27
6 CRR-NY 373-3.27
373-3.27 Air emission standards for process vents.
(a) Applicability.
(1) The regulations in this section apply only to owners and operators of facilities that treat, store, or dispose of hazardous wastes (except as provided in section 373-3.1[a] of this Subpart).
(2) Except for paragraphs (e)(4) and (5) of this section, this section applies to process vents associated with distillation, fractionation, thin-film evaporation, solvent extraction, or air or steam stripping operations that manage hazardous wastes with organic concentrations of at least 10 ppmw, if these operations are conducted in one of the following:
(i) a unit that is subject to the permitting requirements of Subpart 373-1 of this Part; or
(ii) a unit (including a hazardous waste recycling unit) that is not exempt from permitting under the provisions of section 372.2(a)(8)(ii) of this Title, (i.e., a hazardous waste recycling unit that is not a 90-day tank or container) and that is located at a hazardous waste management facility otherwise subject to the permitting requirements of Subpart 373-1 of this Part; or
(iii) a unit that is exempt from permitting under the provisions of section 372.2(a)(8)(ii) of this Title (i.e., a 90-day tank or container) and is not a recycling unit under the requirements of section 371.1(g) of this Title.
Note:
The requirements of subdivisions (c) through (g) of this section apply to process vents on hazardous waste recycling units previously exempt under section 371.1(g)(3)(i) of this Title. Other exemptions under sections 371.1(e) and 373-3.1(a) of this Title are not affected by these requirements.
(3) The requirements of this section do not apply to the process vents at a facility where the facility owner or operator certifies that all of the process vents that would otherwise be subject to this section are equipped with and operating air emission controls in accordance with the process vent requirements of an applicable Clean Air Act regulation codified under 40 CRF part 60, part 61, or part 63, as incorporated by reference in section 370.1(e) of this Title. The documentation of compliance under Federal regulations at 40 CRF part 60, part 61, or part 63 as incorporated by reference in section 370.1(e) of this Title, shall be kept with, or made readily available with, the facility operating record.
(b) Definitions.
As used in this section, all terms shall have the meaning given them in section 373-2.27(b) of this Part, the ECL and Parts 370 through 374 of this Title.
(c) Standards: process vents.
(1) The owner or operator of a facility with process vents associated with distillation, fractionation, thin-film evaporation, solvent extraction or air stream stripping operations managing hazardous wastes with organic concentrations at least 10 ppmw shall either:
(i) reduce total organic emissions from all affected process vents at the facility below 1.4 kg/h (3 lb/h) and 2.8 Mg/yr (3.1 tons/yr); or
(ii) reduce, by use of a control device, total organic emissions from all affected process vents at the facility by 95 weight percent.
(2) If the owner or operator installs a closed-vent system and control device to comply with the provisions of paragraph (1) of this subdivision, the close-vent system and control device must meet the requirements of subdivision (d) of this section.
(3) Determinations of vent emissions and emission reductions or total organic compound concentrations achieved by add-on control devices may be based on engineering calculations or performance tests. If performance tests are used to determine vent emissions, emission reductions, or total organic compound concentrations achieved by add-on control devices, the performance tests must conform with the requirements of paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
(4) When an owner or operator and the commissioner do not agree on determinations of vent emissions and/or emission reductions or total organic compound concentrations achieved by add-on control devices based on engineering calculations, the test methods in paragraph (e)(3) of this section shall be used to resolve the disagreement.
(d) Standards: closed-vent systems and control devices.
(1)
(i) Owners or operators of closed-vent systems and control devices used to comply with provisions of this Subpart shall comply with the provisions of this subdivision.
(ii)
(a) The owner or operator of an existing facility who cannot install a closed-vent system and control device to comply with the provisions of this section on the effective date that the facility becomes subject to the provisions of this section must prepare an implementation schedule that includes dates by which the closed-vent system and control device will be installed and in operation. The controls must be installed as soon as possible, but the implementation schedule may allow up to 30 months after the effective date that the facility becomes subject to this section for installation and startup.
(b) Any unit that begins operation after December 21, 1990, and is subject to the provisions of this section when operation begins, must comply with the rules immediately (i.e., must have control devices installed and operating on startup of the affected unit); the 30-month implementation schedule does not apply.
(c)
(1) If an existing facility is already subject to 40 CFR 264.1033(a)(2)(iii) at the time a State statutory or regulatory amendment renders the facility subject to this section, the requirements established under 40 CFR 264.1033(a)(2)(iii), as incorporated by reference in section 370.1(e) of this Title, will apply.
(2) If an existing facility is not subject to 40 CFR 264.1033(a)(2)(iii) at the time a State statutory or regulatory amendment renders the facility subject to this section, the owner or operator of the facility in existence on the effective date of the State statutory or regulatory amendment that renders the facility subject to this section shall comply with all requirements of this section as soon as practicable but no later than 30 months after the State amendment's effective date. When control equipment required by this section cannot be installed and begin operation by the effective date of the amendment, the facility owner or operator shall prepare an implementation schedule that includes the following information: specific calendar dates for award of contracts or issuance of purchase orders for the control equipment, initiation of on-site installation of the control equipment, completion of the control equipment installation, and performance of any testing to demonstrate that the installed equipment meets the applicable standards of this section. The owner or operator shall enter the implementation schedule in the operating record or in a permanent, readily available file located at the facility.
(d) Owners and operators of facilities and units that become newly subject to the requirements of this section after December 8, 1997, due to an action other than those described in clause (c) of this subparagraph must comply with all applicable requirements immediately (i.e., must have control devices installed and operating on the date the facility or unit becomes subject to this section; the 30-month implementation schedule does not apply).
(2) A control device involving vapor recovery (e.g., a condenser or adsorber) shall be designed and operated to recover the organic vapors vented to it with an efficiency of 95 weight percent or greater unless the total organic emission limits of subparagraph (c)(1)(i) of this section for all affected process vents can be attained at an efficiency less than 95 weight percent.
(3) An enclosed combustion device (e.g., a vapor incinerator, boiler, or process heater) shall be designed and operated to reduce the organic emissions vented to it by 95 weight percent or greater; to achieve a total organic compound concentration of 20 ppmv, expressed as the sum of the actual compounds, not carbon equivalents, on a dry basis corrected to three percent oxygen; or to provide a minimum residence time of 0.50 seconds at a minimum temperature of 760°C. If a boiler or process heater is used as the control device, then the vent stream shall be introduced into the flame combustion zone of the boiler or process heater.
(4)
(i) A flare shall be designed for and operated with no visible emissions as determined by the methods specified in subparagraph (5)(i) of this subdivision, except for periods not to exceed a total of five minutes during any two consecutive hours.
(ii) A flare shall be operated with a flame present at all times, as determined by the methods specified in clause (6)(ii)(c) of this subdivision.
(iii) A flare shall be used only if the net heating value of the gas being combusted is 11.2 MJ/scm (300 Btu/scf) or greater, if the flare is steam-assisted or air-assisted; or if the net heating value of the gas being combusted is 7.45 MJ/scm (200 Btu/scf) or greater if the flare is nonassisted. The net heating value of the gas being combusted shall be determined by the methods specified in subparagraph (5)(ii) of this subdivision.
(iv)
(a) A steam-assisted or nonassisted flare shall be designed for and operated with an exit velocity, as determined by the methods specified in subparagraph (5)(iii) of this subdivision, of less than 18.3 m/s (60 ft/s), except as provided in clauses (b) and (c) of this subparagraph.
(b) A steam-assisted or nonassisted flare designed for and operated with an exit velocity, as determined by the methods specified in subparagraph (5) (iii) of this subdivision, equal to or greater than 18.3 m/s (60 ft/s) but less than 122 m/s (400 ft/s) is allowed if the net heating value of the gas being combusted is greater than 37.3 MJ/scm (1,000 Btu/ scf).
(c) A steam-assisted or nonassisted flare designed for and operated with an exit velocity, as determined by the methods specified in subparagraph (5)(iii) of this subdivision, less than the velocity, Vmax, as determined by the method specified in subparagraph (5)(iv) of this subdivision, and less than 122 m/s (400 ft/s) is allowed.
(v) An air-assisted flare shall be designed and operated with an exit velocity less than the velocity, Vmax, as determined by the method specified in subparagraph (5)(v) of this subdivision.
(vi) A flare used to comply with this subdivision shall be steam-assisted, air-assisted, or nonassisted.
(5)
(i) Reference Method 22 in 40 CFR part 60 (see section 370.1[e] of this Title) shall be used to determine the compliance of a flare with the visible emission provisions of this section. The observation period is two hours and shall be used according to Method 22.
(ii) The net heating value of the gas being combusted in a flare shall be calculated using the following equation:
HT = K × (summation (i=1 to n)(C i × Hi))
where:
HT = Net heating value of the sample, MJ/scm; where the net enthalpy per mole of offgas is based on combustion at 25°C and 760 mm Hg, but the standard temperature for determining the volume corresponding to 1 mol is 20°C;
K = Constant, 1.74 × 10-7 (1/ppm) (g mol/scm) (MJ/kcal) where standard temperature for (g mol/scm) is 20°C;
Ci = Concentration of sample component i in ppm on a wet basis, as measured for organics by Reference Method 18 in 40 CFR part 60 (see section 370.1[e] of this Title) and measured for hydrogen and carbon monoxide by ASTM D 1946-82 (incorporated by reference as specified in section 370.1[e] of this Title); and
Hi = Net heat of combustion of sample component i, kcal/g mol at 25°C and 760 mm Hg. The heats of combustion may be determined using ASTM D 2382-83 (incorporated by reference as specified in section 370.1[e] of this Title) if published values are not available or cannot be calculated.
(iii) The actual exit velocity of a flare shall be determined by dividing the volumetric flow rate (in units of standard temperature and pressure), as determined by Reference Methods 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D in 40 CFR part 60 (see section 370.1[e] of this Title) as appropriate, by the unobstructed (free) cross-sectional area of the flare tip.
(iv) The maximum allowed velocity in m/s, Vmax, for a flare complying with clause (4)(iv)(c) of this subdivision shall be determined by the following equation:
Log10(Vmax) = (HT + 28.8)/31.7
where:
HT = The net heating value as determined in subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph.
28.8 = Constant.
31.7 = Constant.
(v) The maximum allowed velocity in m/s, Vmax, for an air-assisted flare shall be determined by the following equation:
Vmax = 8.706 + 0.7084 (HT)
where:
8.706 = Constant.
0.7084 = Constant.
HT = The net heating value as determined in subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph.
(6) The owner or operator shall monitor and inspect each control device required to comply with this subdivision to ensure proper operation and maintenance of the control device by implementing the following requirements:
(i) Install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to the manufacturer's specifications a flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow from each affected process vent to the control device at least once every hour. The flow indicator shall be installed in the vent stream at the nearest feasible point to the control device inlet, but before being combined with other vent streams.
(ii) Install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to the manufacturer's specifications a device to continuously monitor control device operation as specified below:
(a) For a thermal vapor incinerator, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder. The device shall have an accuracy of ±1 percent of the temperature being monitored in degrees C or ±0.5°C, whichever is greater. The temperature sensor shall be installed at a location in the combustion chamber downstream of the combustion zone.
(b) For a catalytic vapor incinerator, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder. The device shall be capable of monitoring temperature at two locations and have an accuracy of ±1 percent of the temperature being monitored in degrees Celsius or ±0.5°C, whichever is greater. One temperature sensor shall be installed in the vent stream at the nearest feasible point to the catalyst bed inlet and a second temperature sensor shall be installed in the vent stream at the nearest feasible point to the catalyst bed outlet.
(c) For a flare, a heat sensing monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder that indicates the continuous ignition of the pilot flame.
(d) For a boiler or process heater having a design input heat capacity less than 44 MW, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder. The device shall have an accuracy of ±1 percent of the temperature being monitored in degrees Celsius or ±0.5°C, whichever is greater. The temperature sensor shall be installed at a location in the furnace downstream of the combustion zone.
(e) For a boiler or process heater having a design heat input capacity greater than or equal to 44 MW, a monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder to measure a parameter(s) that indicates good combustion operating practices are being used.
(f) For a condenser, either:
(1) a monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder to measure the concentration level of the organic compounds in the exhaust vent stream from the condenser; or
(2) a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder. The device shall be capable of monitoring temperature with an accuracy of ±1 percent of the temperature being monitored in degrees Celsius (degrees C) or ±0.5°C, whichever is greater. The temperature sensor shall be installed at a location in the exhaust vent stream from the condenser exit (i.e., product side).
(g) For a carbon adsorption system such as a fixed-bed carbon adsorber that regenerates the carbon bed directly in the control device, either:
(1) a monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder to measure the concentration level of the organic compounds in the exhaust vent stream from the carbon bed; or
(2) a monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder, to measure a parameter that indicates the carbon bed is regenerated on a regular, predetermined time cycle.
(iii) Inspect the readings from each monitoring device required by subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of this paragraph at least once each operating day to check control device operation and, if necessary, immediately implement the corrective measures necessary to ensure the control device operates in compliance with the requirements of this subdivision.
(7) An owner or operator using a carbon adsorption system such as a fixed-bed carbon adsorber that regenerates the carbon bed directly onsite in the control device, shall replace the existing carbon in the control device with fresh carbon at a regular, predetermined time interval that is no longer than the carbon service life established as a requirement of subclause (f)(2)(iv)(c)(6) of this section.
(8) An owner or operator using a carbon adsorption system such as a carbon canister that does not regenerate the carbon bed directly onsite in the control device shall replace the existing carbon in the control device with fresh carbon on a regular basis by using one of the following procedures:
(i) Monitor the concentration level of the organic compounds in the exhaust vent stream from the carbon adsorption system on a regular schedule and replace the existing carbon with fresh carbon immediately when carbon breakthrough is indicated. The monitoring frequency shall be daily or at an interval no greater than 20 percent of the time required to consume the total carbon working capacity established as a requirement of subclause (f)(2)(iv)(c)(7) of this section, whichever is longer.
(ii) Replace the existing carbon with fresh carbon at a regular, predetermined time interval that is less than the design carbon replacement interval established as a requirement of subclause (f)(2)(iv)(c)(7) of this section.
(9) An owner or operator of an affected facility seeking to comply with the provisions of this Subpart by using a control device other than a thermal vapor incinerator, catalytic vapor incinerator, flare, boiler, process heater, condenser, or carbon adsorption system is required to develop documentation including sufficient information to describe the control device operation and identify the process parameter or parameters that indicate proper operation and maintenance of the control device.
(10) A closed-vent system shall meet either of the following design requirements:
(i) A closed-vent system shall be designed to operate with no detectable emissions, as indicated by an instrument reading of less than 500 ppmv above background as determined by the procedure in paragraph (e)(2) of this section, and by visual inspections.
(ii) A closed-vent system shall be designed to operate at a pressure below atmospheric pressure. The system shall be equipped with at least one pressure gauge or other pressure measurement device that can be read from a readily accessible location to verify that negative pressure is being maintained in the closed-vent system when the control device is operating.
(11) The owner or operator shall monitor and inspect each closed-vent system required to comply with this section to ensure proper operation and maintenance of the closed-vent system by implementing the following requirements:
(i) Each closed-vent system that is used to comply with subparagraph (10)(i) of this subdivision shall be inspected and monitored in accordance with the following requirements:
(a) An initial leak detection monitoring of the closed-vent system shall be conducted by the owner or operator on or before the date that the system becomes subject to this subdivision. The owner or operator shall monitor the closed-vent system components and connections using the procedures specified in paragraph (e)(2) of this section to demonstrate that the closed-vent system operates with no detectable emissions, as indicated by an instrument reading of less than 500 ppmv above background.
(b) After initial leak detection monitoring required in clause (a) of this subparagraph, the owner or operator shall inspect and monitor the closed-vent system as follows:
(1) Closed-vent system joints, seams, or other connections that are permanently or semi-permanently sealed (e.g., a welded joint between two sections of hard piping or a bolted and gasketed ducting flange) shall be visually inspected at least once per year to check for defects that could result in air pollutant emissions. The owner or operator shall monitor a component or connection using the procedures specified in paragraph (e)(2) of this section to demonstrate that it operates with no detectable emissions following any time the component is repaired or replaced (e.g., a section of damaged hard piping is replaced with new hard piping) or the connection is unsealed (e.g., a flange is unbolted).
(2) Closed-vent system components or connections other than those specified in subclause (1) of this clause shall be monitored annually and at other times as requested by the commissioner, except as provided for in paragraph (14) of this subdivision, using the procedures specified in paragraph (e)(2) of this section to demonstrate that the components or connections operate with no detectable emissions.
(c) In the event that a defect or leak is detected, the owner or operator shall repair the defect or leak in accordance with the requirements of subparagraph (iii) of this paragraph.
(d) The owner or operator shall maintain a record of the inspection and monitoring in accordance with the requirements specified in subdivision (f) of this section.
(ii) Each closed-vent system that is used to comply with subparagraph (10)(ii) of this subdivision shall be inspected and monitored in accordance with the following requirements:
(a) The closed-vent system shall be visually inspected by the owner or operator to check for defects that could result in air pollutant emissions. Defects include, but are not limited to, visible cracks, holes, or gaps in ductwork or piping or loose connections.
(b) The owner or operator shall perform an initial inspection of the closed-vent system on or before the date that the system becomes subject to this section. Thereafter, the owner or operator shall perform the inspections at least once every year.
(c) In the event that a defect or leak is detected, the owner or operator shall repair the defect in accordance with the requirements of subparagraph (iii) of this paragraph.
(d) The owner or operator shall maintain a record of the inspection and monitoring in accordance with the requirements specified in subdivision (f) of this section.
(iii) The owner or operator shall repair all detected defects as follows:
(a) Detectable emissions, as indicated by visual inspection, or by an instrument reading greater than 500 ppmv above background, shall be controlled as soon as practicable, but not later than 15 calendar days after the emission is detected, except as provided for in clause (c) of this subparagraph.
(b) A first attempt at repair shall be made no later than five calendar days after the emission is detected.
(c) Delay of repair of a closed-vent system for which leaks have been detected is allowed if the repair is technically infeasible without a process unit shutdown, or if the owner or operator determines that emissions resulting from immediate repair would be greater than the fugitive emissions likely to result from delay of repair. Repair of such equipment shall be completed by the end of the next process unit shutdown.
(d) The owner or operator shall maintain a record of the defect repair in accordance with the requirements specified in subdivision (f) of this section.
(12) Closed-vent systems and control devices used to comply with provisions of this section shall be operated at all times when emissions may be vented to them.
(13) The owner or operator using a carbon adsorption system to control air pollutant emissions shall document that all carbon that is a hazardous waste and that is removed from the control device is managed in one of the following manners, regardless of the average volatile organic concentration of the carbon:
(i) Regenerated or reactivated in a thermal treatment unit that meets one of the following:
(a) The owner or operator of the unit has been issued a final permit under Subpart 373-1 of this Part which implements the requirements of section 373-2.24 of this Part or for a unit not located in New York State, under authority from 40 CFR part 270 which implements the requirements of 40 CFR 264 subpart X, or equivalent authority.
(b) The unit is equipped with and operating air emission controls in accordance with the applicable requirements of either this section and section 373-3.29 of this Subpart or sections 373-2.27 and 373-2.29 of this Part.
(c) The unit is equipped with and operating air emission controls in accordance with a national emission standard for hazardous air pollutants under 40 CFR part 61 or 40 CFR part 63 as incorporated by reference in section 370.1(e) of this Title.
(ii) Incinerated in a hazardous waste incinerator for which the owner or operator either:
(a) has been issued a final permit under Subpart 373-1 of this Part which implements the requirements of section 373-2.15 of this Part or for a unit not located in New York State, under authority from 40 CFR part 270 which implements the requirements of 40 CFR 264 subpart X, or equivalent authority; or
(b) has designed and operates the incinerator in accordance with the interim status requirements of section 373-3.15 of this Subpart.
(iii) Burned in a boiler or industrial furnace for which the owner or operator either:
(a) has been issued a final permit under Subpart 373-1 of this Part which implements the requirements of section 374-1.8 of this Title or for a unit not located in New York State, under authority from 40 CFR part 270 which implements the requirements of 40 CFR 264 subpart X, or equivalent authority; or
(b) has designed and operates the boiler or industrial furnace in accordance with the interim status requirements of section 374-1.8 of this Title.
(14) Any components of a closed-vent system that are designated, as described in subparagraph (f)(3)(ix) of this section, as unsafe to monitor are exempt from the requirements of subclause (11)(i)(b)(2) of this subdivision if:
(i) the owner or operator of the closed-vent system determines that the components of the closed-vent system are unsafe to monitor because monitoring personnel would be exposed to an immediate danger as a consequence of complying with subclause (11)(i)(b)(2) of this subdivision; and
(ii) the owner or operator of the closed-vent system adheres to a written plan that requires monitoring the closed-vent system components using the procedure specified in subclause (11)(i)(b)(2) of this subdivision as frequently as practicable during safe-to-monitor times.
(e) Test methods and procedures.
(1) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this section shall comply with the test methods and procedures requirements provided in this subdivision.
(2) When a closed-vent system is tested for compliance with no detectable emissions, as required in paragraph (d)(11) of this section, the test shall comply with the following requirements:
(i) Monitoring shall comply with Reference Method 21 in 40 CFR part 60 (see section 370.1[e] of this Part).
(ii) The detection instrument shall meet the performance criteria of Reference Method 21.
(iii) The instrument shall be calibrated before use on each day of its use by the procedures specified in Reference Method 21.
(iv) Calibration gases shall be:
(a) zero air (less than 10 ppm of hydrocarbon in air);
(b) a mixture of methane or n-hexane and air at a concentration of approximately, but less than, 10,000 ppm methane or n-hexane.
(v) The background level shall be determined as set forth in Reference Method 21.
(vi) The instrument probe shall be traversed around all potential leak interfaces as close to the interface as possible as described in Reference Method 21.
(vii) The arithmetic difference between the maximum concentration indicated by the instrument and the background level is compared with 500 ppm for determining compliance.
(3) Performance tests to determine compliance with paragraph (c)(1) of this section and with the total organic compound concentration limit of paragraph (d)(3) of this section shall comply with the following:
(i) performance tests to determine total organic compound concentrations and mass flow rates entering and exiting control devices shall be conducted and data reduced in accordance with the following reference methods and calculation procedures:
(a) Method 2 in 40 CFR part 60 (see section 370.1[e] of this Title) for velocity and volumetric flow rate.
(b) Method 18 or Method 25A in 40 CFR part 60 (see section 370.1[e] of this Title) for organic content. If Method 25A is used, the organic HAP used as the calibration gas must be the single organic HAP representing the largest percent by volume of the emissions. The use of Method 25A is acceptable if the response from the high-level calibration gas is at least 20 times the standard deviation of the response from the zero calibration gas when the instrument is zeroed on the most sensitive scale.
(c) Each performance test shall consist of three separate runs; each run conducted for at least one hour under the conditions that exist when the hazardous waste management unit is operating at the highest load or capacity level reasonably expected to occur. For the purpose of determining total organic compound concentrations and mass flow rates, the average of results of all runs shall apply. The average shall be computed on a time-weighted basis.
(d) Total organic mass flow rates shall be determined by the following equation:
(1) For sources utilizing Method 18.
Eh = Q2sd × (summation{i=1 to n}(C1MWi)) × (0.0416) × (10-6)
where:
Eh = Total organic mass flow rate, kg/h;
Q2sd = Volumetric flow rate of gases entering or exiting control device, as determined by Method 2, dscm/h;
n = Number of organic compounds in the vent gas;
Ci = Organic concentration in ppm, dry basis, of compound i in the vent gas, as determined by Method 18;
MWi = Molecular weight of organic compound i in the vent gas, kg/kg-mol;
0.0416 = Conversion factor for molar volume, kg-mol/m3 (@ 293 K and 760 mm Hg);
10-6 = Conversion from ppm, ppm-1.
(2) For sources utilizing Method 25A.
Eh = (Q)(C)(MW)(0.0416)(10-6)
where:
Eh = Total organic mass flow rate, kg/h;
Q = Volumetric flow rate of gases entering or exiting control device as determined by Method 2, dscm/h;
C = Organic concentration in ppm, dry basis, as determined by Method 25A;
MW = Molecular weight of propane, 44;
0.0416 = Conversion factor for molar volume, kg mol/m3 (at 293 K and 760 mm Hg);
10-6 = Conversion from ppm.
(e) The annual total organic emission rate shall be determined by the following equation:
EA = (Eh)(H)
where:
EA = Total organic mass emission rate, kg/y;
Eh = Total organic mass flow rate for the process vent, kg/h;
H = Total annual hours of operations for the affected unit, h.
(f) Total organic emissions from all affected process vents at the facility shall be determined by summing the hourly total organic mass emission rates (Eh, as determined in clause [d] of this subparagraph) and by summing the annual total organic mass emission rates (EA, as determined in clause [e] of this subparagraph) for all affected vents at the facility.
(ii) The owner or operator shall record such process information as may be necessary to determine the conditions of the performance tests. Operations during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction shall not constitute representative conditions for the purpose of a performance test.
(iii) The owner or operator of an affected facility shall provide, or cause to be provided, performance testing facilities as follows:
(a) sampling ports adequate for the test methods specified in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph;
(b) safe sampling platform(s);
(c) safe access to sampling platform(s); and
(d) utilities for sampling and testing equipment.
(iv) For the purpose of making compliance determinations, the time-weighted average of the results of the three runs shall apply. In the event that a sample is accidentally lost or conditions occur in which one of the three runs must be discontinued because of forced shutdown, failure of an irreplaceable portion of the sample train, extreme meteorological conditions, or other circumstances beyond the owner or operator's control, compliance may, upon the commissioner's approval, be determined using the average of the results of the two other runs.
(4) To show that a process vent associated with a hazardous waste distillation, fractionation, thin-film evaporation, solvent extraction, or air or steam stripping operation is not subject to the requirements of this section, the owner or operator must make an initial determination that the time-weighted, annual average total organic concentration of the waste managed by the waste management unit is less than 10 ppmw using one of the following two methods:
(i) Direct measurement of the organic concentration of the waste using the following procedures:
(a) The owner or operator must take a minimum of four grab samples of waste for each waste stream managed in the affected unit under process conditions expected to cause the maximum waste organic concentration.
(b) For waste generated onsite, the grab samples must be collected at a point before the waste is exposed to the atmosphere, such as in an enclosed pipe or other closed system that is used to transfer the waste after generation to the first affected distillation fractionation, thin-film evaporation, solvent extraction, or air or steam stripping operation. For waste generated offsite, the grab samples must be collected at the inlet to the first waste management unit that receives the waste, provided the waste has been transferred to the facility in a closed system such as a tank truck and the waste is not diluted or mixed with other waste.
(c) Each sample shall be analyzed and the total organic concentration of the sample shall be computed using Method 9060A of SW-846 (incorporated by reference under section 370.1[e] of this Title); or analyzed for its individual organic constituents.
(d) The arithmetic mean of the results of the analyses of the four samples shall apply for each waste stream managed in the unit in determining the time-weighted, annual average total organic concentration of the waste. The time-weighted average is to be calculated using the annual quantity of each waste stream processed and the mean organic concentration of each waste stream managed in the unit.
(ii) Using knowledge of the waste to determine that its total organic concentration is less than 10 ppmw. Documentation of the waste determination is required. Examples of documentation that shall be used to support a determination under this provision include production process information documenting that no organic compounds are used, information that the waste is generated by a process that is identical to a process at the same or another facility that has previously been demonstrated by direct measurement to generate a waste stream having a total organic content less than 10 ppmw, or prior speciation analysis results on the same waste stream where it can also be documented that no process changes have occurred since that analysis that could affect the waste total organic concentration.
(5) The determination that distillation fractionation, thin-film evaporation, solvent extraction, or air or stream stripping operations manage hazardous wastes with time-weighted annual average total organic concentrations less than 10 ppmw shall be made as follows:
(i) by the effective date that the facility becomes subject to the provisions of this section or by the date when the waste is first managed in a waste management unit, whichever is later; and
(ii) for continuously generated waste, annually; or
(iii) whenever there is a change in the waste being managed or a change in the process that generates or treats the waste.
(6) When an owner or operator and the department do not agree on whether a distillation, fractionation, thin-film evaporation, solvent extraction, or air or steam stripping operation manages a hazardous waste with organic concentrations of at least 10 ppmw based on knowledge of the waste, the dispute may be resolved using direct measurement as specified at subparagraph (4)(i) of this subdivision.
(f) Recordkeeping requirements.
(1)
(i) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this section shall comply with the recordkeeping requirements of this subdivision.
(ii) An owner or operator of more than one hazardous waste management unit subject to the provisions of this section may comply with the recordkeeping requirements for these hazardous waste management units in one recordkeeping system if the system identifies each record by each hazardous waste management unit.
(2) Owners and operators must record the following information in the facility operating record:
(i) For facilities that comply with the provisions of subparagraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section, an implementation schedule that includes dates by which the closed-vent system and control device will be installed and in operation. The schedule must also include a rationale of why the installation cannot be completed at an earlier date. The implementation schedule must be in the facility operating record by the effective date that the facility becomes subject to the provisions of this section.
(ii) Up-to-date documentation of compliance with the process vent standards in subdivision (c) of this section, including:
(a) information and data identifying all affected process vents, annual throughput and operating hours of each affected unit, estimated emission rates for each affected vent and for the overall facility (i.e., the total emissions for all affected vents at the facility), and the approximate location within the facility of each affected unit (e.g., identify the hazardous waste management units on a facility plot plan); and
(b) information and data supporting determinations of vent emissions and emission reductions achieved by add-on control devices based on engineering calculations or source tests. For the purpose of determining compliance, determinations of vent emissions must be made using operating parameter values (e.g., temperature, flow rates or vent stream organic compounds and concentrations) that represent the conditions that result in maximum organic emissions, such as when the waste management unit is operating at the highest load or capacity level reasonably expected to occur. If the owner or operator takes any action (e.g., managing a waste of different composition or increasing operating hours of affected waste management units) that would result in an increase in total organic emissions from affected process vents at the facility, then a new determination is required.
(iii) Where an owner or operator chooses to use test data to determine the organic removal efficiency or total organic compound concentration achieved by the control device, a performance test plan. The test plan must include:
(a) a description of how it is determined that the planned test is going to be conducted when the hazardous waste management unit is operating at the highest load or capacity level reasonably expected to occur. This shall include the estimated or design flow rate and organic content of each vent stream and define the acceptable operating ranges of key process and control device parameters during the test program;
(b) a detailed engineering description of the closed-vent system and control device including:
(1) manufacturer's name and model number of control device;
(2) type of control device;
(3) dimensions of the control device;
(4) capacity; and
(5) construction materials;
(c) a detailed description of sampling and monitoring procedures, including sampling and monitoring locations, the equipment to be used, sampling and monitoring frequency, and planned analytical procedures for sample analysis.
(iv) Documentation of compliance with subdivision (d) of this section shall include the following information:
(a) A list of all information references and sources used in preparing the documentation.
(b) Records, including the dates, of each compliance test required by paragraph (d)(10) of this section.
(c) If engineering calculations are used, a design analysis, specifications, drawings, schematics, and piping and instrumentation diagrams based on the appropriate sections of "APTI Course 415: Control of Gaseous Emissions" (incorporated by reference as specified in section 370.1[e] of this Title) or other engineering texts acceptable to the commissioner that present basic control device design information. Documentation provided by the control device manufacturer or vendor that describes the control device design in accordance with subclauses (1) through (7) of this clause may be used to comply with this requirement. The design analysis shall address the vent stream characteristics and control device operation parameters as specified in this subparagraph.
(1) For a thermal vapor incinerator,the design analysis shall consider the vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, and flow rate. The design analysis shall also establish the design minimum and average temperature in the combustion zone and the combustion zone residence time.
(2) For a catalytic vapor incinerator, the design analysis shall consider the vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, and flow rate. The design analysis shall also establish the design minimum and average temperatures across the catalyst bed inlet and outlet.
(3) For a boiler or process heater, the design analysis shall consider the vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, and flow rate. The design analysis shall also establish the design minimum and average flame zone temperatures, combustion zone residence time, and description of method and location where the vent stream is introduced into the combustion zone.
(4) For a flare, the design analysis shall consider the vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, and flow rate. The design analysis shall also consider the requirements specified in paragraph (d)(4) of this section.
(5) For a condenser, the design analysis shall consider the vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, flow rate, relative humidity, and temperature. The design analysis shall also establish the design outlet organic compound concentration level, design average temperature of the condenser exhaust vent stream, and design average temperatures of the coolant fluid at the condenser inlet and outlet.
(6) For a carbon adsorption system such as a fixed-bed adsorber that regenerates the carbon bed directly onsite in the control device, the design analysis shall consider the vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, flow rate, relative humidity, and temperature. The design analysis shall also establish the design exhaust vent stream organic compound concentration level, number and capacity of carbon beds, type and working capacity of activated carbon used for carbon beds, design total steam flow over the period of each complete carbon bed regeneration cycle, duration of the carbon bed steaming and cooling/drying cycles, design carbon bed temperature after regeneration, design carbon bed regeneration time, and design service life of carbon.
(7) For a carbon adsorption system such as a carbon canister that does not regenerate the carbon bed directly onsite in the control device, the design analysis shall consider the vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, flow rate, relative humidity, and temperature. The design analysis shall also establish the design outlet organic concentration level, capacity of carbon bed, type and working capacity of activated carbon used for carbon bed, and design carbon replacement interval based on the total carbon working capacity of the control device and source operating schedule.
(d) A statement signed and dated by the owner or operator certifying that the operating parameters used in the design analysis reasonably represent the conditions that exist when the hazardous waste management unit is or would be operating at the highest load or capacity reasonably expected to occur.
(e) A statement signed and dated by the owner or operator certifying that the control device is designed to operate at an efficiency of 95 percent or greater unless the total organic concentration limit of paragraph (c)(1) of this section is achieved at an efficiency less than 95 weight percent or the total organic emission limits of paragraph (c)(1) of this section for affected process vents at the facility can be attained by a control device involving vapor recovery at an efficiency less than 95 weight percent. A statement provided by the control device manufacturer or vendor certifying that the control equipment meets the design specifications may be used to comply with this requirement.
(f) If performance tests are used to demonstrate compliance, all test results.
(3) Design documentation and monitoring, operating, and inspection information for each closed-vent system and control device required to comply with the provisions of this Subpart shall be recorded and kept up-to-date in the facility operating record. The information shall include:
(i) Description and date of each modification that is made to the closed-vent system or control device design.
(ii) Identification of operating parameter, description of monitoring device, and diagram of monitoring sensor location or locations used to comply with subparagraphs (d)(6)(i) and (ii) of this section.
(iii) Monitoring, operating and inspection information required by paragraphs (d)(6) through (11) of this section.
(iv) Date, time, and duration of each period that occurs while the control device is operating when any monitored parameter exceeds the value established in the control device design analysis as specified below:
(a) For a thermal vapor incinerator designed to operate with a minimum residence time of 0.50 seconds at a minimum temperature of 760°C, period when the combustion temperature is below 760°C.
(b) For a thermal vapor incinerator designed to operate with an organic emission reduction efficiency of 95 percent or greater, period when the combustion zone temperature is more than 28°C below the design average combustion zone temperature established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(1) of this subdivision.
(c) For a catalytic vapor incinerator, period when:
(1) temperature of the vent stream at the catalyst bed inlet is more than 28 degrees Celsius below the average temperature of the inlet vent stream established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(2) of this subdivision; or
(2) temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than 80 percent of the design average temperature difference established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(2) of this subdivision.
(d) For a boiler or process heater, period when:
(1) flame zone temperature is more than 28°C below the design average flame zone temperature established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(3) of this subdivision; or
(2) position changes where the vent stream is introduced to the combustion zone from the location established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(3) of this subdivision;
(e) for a flare, period when the pilot flame is not ignited;
(f) for a condenser that complies with subclause (d)(6)(ii)(f)(1) of this section, period when the organic compound concentration level or readings of organic compounds in the exhaust vent stream from the condenser are more than 20 percent greater than the design outlet organic compound concentration level established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(5) of this subdivision;
(g) for a condenser that complies with subclause (d)(6)(ii)(f)(2) of this section, period when:
(1) temperature of the exhaust vent stream from the condenser is more than 6 degrees Celsius above the design average exhaust vent stream temperature established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(5) of this subdivision; or
(2) temperature of the coolant fluid exiting the condenser is more than 6 degrees Celsius above the design average coolant fluid temperature at the condenser outlet established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(5) of this subdivision;
(h) for a carbon adsorption system such as a fixed-bed carbon adsorber that regenerates the carbon bed directly onsite in the control device and complies with subclause (d)(6)(ii)(g)(1) of this section, period when the organic compound concentration level or readings of organic compounds in the exhaust vent stream from the carbon bed are more than 20 percent greater than the design exhaust vent stream organic compound concentration level established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(6) of this subdivision;
(i) for a carbon adsorption system such as a fixed-bed carbon adsorber that regenerates the carbon bed directly onsite in the control device and complies with subclause (d)(6)(ii)(g)(2) of this section, period when the vent stream continues to flow through the control device beyond the predetermined carbon bed regeneration time established as a requirement of subclause (2)(iv)(c)(6) of this subdivision.
(v) Explanation for each period recorded under subparagraph (iv) of this paragraph of the cause for control device operating parameter exceeding the design value and the measures implemented to correct the control device operation.
(vi) For carbon adsorption systems operated subject to requirements specified in paragraph (d)(7) or subparagraph (d)(8)(ii) of this section, date when existing carbon in the control device is replaced with fresh carbon.
(vii) For carbon adsorption systems operated subject to requirements specified in subparagraph (d)(8)(i) of this section, a log that records:
(a) date and time when control device is monitored for carbon breakthrough and the monitoring device reading;
(b) date when existing carbon in the control device is replaced with fresh carbon;
(viii) date of each control device startup and shutdown.
(ix) An owner or operator designating any components of a closed-vent system as unsafe to monitor pursuant to paragraph (d)(14) of this section shall record in a log that is kept in the facility operating record the identification of closed-vent system components that are designated as unsafe to monitor in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (d)(14) of this section, an explanation for each closed-vent system component stating why the closed-vent system component is unsafe to monitor, and the plan for monitoring each closed-vent system component.
(x) When each leak is detected as specified in paragraph (d)(11) of this section, the following information shall be recorded:
(a) the instrument identification number, the closed-vent system component identification number, and the operator name, initials, or identification number;
(b) the date the leak was detected and the date of first attempt to repair the leak;
(c) the date of successful repair of the leak;
(d) maximum instrument reading measured by Method 21 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A as incorporated by reference in section 370.1(e) of this Title, after it is successfully repaired or determined to be nonrepairable; and
(e) “repair delayed” and the reason for the delay if a leak is not repaired within 15 calendar days after discovery of the leak.
(1) The owner or operator may develop a written procedure that identifies the conditions that justify a delay of repair. In such cases, reasons for delay of repair may be documented by citing the relevant sections of the written procedure.
(2) If delay of repair was caused by depletion of stocked parts, there must be documentation that the spare parts were sufficiently stocked on-site before depletion and the reason for depletion.
(4) Records of the monitoring, operating, and inspection information required by subparagraphs (3)(iii) through (x) of this subdivision shall be maintained by the owner or operator at least three years following the date of each occurrence, measurement, maintenance, corrective action, or record.
(5) For a control device other than a thermal vapor incinerator, catalytic vapor incinerator, flare, boiler, process heater, condenser, or carbon adsorption system, monitoring and inspection information indicating proper operation and maintenance of the control device must be recorded in the facility operating record.
(6) Up-to-date information and data used to determine whether or not a process vent is subject to the requirements in subdivision (c) of this section including supporting documentation as required by subparagraph (e)(4)(ii) of this section when application of the knowledge of the nature of the hazardous waste stream or the process by which it was produced is used, shall be recorded in a log that is kept in the facility operating record.
6 CRR-NY 373-3.27
Current through April 15, 2021
End of Document