17 CRR-NY 191.3NY-CRR
17 CRR-NY 191.3
17 CRR-NY 191.3
191.3 Types of safety hazards students may encounter while walking to and from school.
A student may encounter three different types of potential hazards while walking to school:
(a) Highways without sidewalks or adequate shoulders.
With this type of hazard, a student must be walking either on a narrow shoulder or in the roadway. If a usable sidewalk exists, then the student is expected to use it unless the sidewalk is closed to the public by order of the local municipality. The length of the highway section without sidewalks where children walk on the roadway or on a shoulder within five feet of the roadway is to be measured by any normally accepted method (i.e.,use a measuring wheel, measuring tape or scale the distance from a map). For children to be covered by a child safety zone, they must walk the complete length of the section under analysis. When evaluating a subdivision or neighborhood, the district may use the closest residence to the school for which all students in the neighborhood must pass as the point to begin calculations. If this residence qualifies, all other residences in the neighborhood will also qualify. In order to determine a point value for this type of hazard, the following information must be known:
(1) facility which the student walks on (i.e., sidewalk, shoulder greater than five feet wide, shoulder less than five feet wide, or roadway);
(2) 15 minute volume count on the affected roadway during the normal period when students walk to and from school; and
(3) speed limit on the affected roadway.
Determine the type of facility, the volume of traffic, and the speed limit using the definitions for “Curb”, “Narrow bridge or underpass”, “Roadway”, “Shoulder”, “Sidewalk”, “Speed limit”, and “Volume of traffic”. Distances should be rounded to the nearest foot. On a roadway without a shoulder for a distance of 397 feet, one point is awarded for the first 300 feet and a second point is awarded for feet 301 through 600.
(b) Highway intersections.
With this type of hazard, the student must be crossing a roadway at an intersection or a marked midblock pedestrian crossing. Two roadways may need to be crossed at an intersection. When this occurs, only the most critical roadway (highest points) should be used. The roadways which the student must cross can either be public or private. In the case of a private road, such as an entrance to a shopping center or an industrial plant, the 15-minute volume must be representative of a 15-minute period when the student walks to or from school. Crossing a roadway is not considered a hazard due to the presence of any of the following controls which provide pedestrian protection:
(1) all way stop signs;
(2) adult crossing guard; and
(3) pedestrian bridge or underpass within 500 feet of the crossing which can be utilized instead of crossing the road.
Each intersection is considered a separate, distinct hazard. Along a given route, a student may cross four to five intersections. The intersection with the highest point value should be used in the analysis to determine if a CSZ exists because a hazardous intersection must be crossed. If a combination of hazards is to be examined, then the two intersections which have the highest individual point totals may be used. Consequently, the number of qualifying points is higher for multiple hazards than it is for a single hazard. Determine the type of control, the number of lanes of traffic on the roadway being crossed, the volume of traffic, and the speed limit using the definitions for “No control”, “Number of lanes crossed”, “Speed limit”, “Stop sign control”, “Traffic control signals” and “Volume of traffic”.
(c) Highway-railroad grade crossings.
With this type of hazard, the following information must be known:
(1) number of tracks in use; and
(2) number of trains using the tracks during the morning and afternoon crossing periods.
Determine the number of tracks and trains using the definitions for “Number of tracks” and “Number of trains”.
17 CRR-NY 191.3
Current through November 15, 2021
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