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West's Annotated Code of MarylandMaryland Rules

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Maryland Rules
Title 20. Electronic Filing and Case Management
Chapter 100. General Provisions
MD Rules, Rule 20-107
(a) Signature by Filer; Additional Information Below Signature. Subject to sections (b), (c), and (d) of this Rule, when a filer is required to sign a submission, the submission shall:
(1) include the filer's signature on the submission, and
(2) provide the following information below the filer's signature: the filer's address, e-mail address, and telephone number and, if the filer is an attorney, the attorney's Client Protection Fund ID number. That information shall not be regarded as part of the signature. A signature on an electronically filed submission constitutes and has the same force and effect as a signature required under Rule 1-311.
Cross reference: For the definition of “signature” applicable to MDEC submissions, see Rule 20-101 (t).
(b) Signature by Judge, Judicial Appointee, or Clerk. A judge, judicial appointee, or clerk shall sign a submission by:
(1) personally affixing the judge's, judicial appointee's, or clerk's signature to the submission by using an electronic process approved by the State Court Administrator, or
(2) hand-signing a paper version of the submission and scanning the hand-signed submission into the MDEC system.
Cross reference: For delegation by an attorney, judge, or judicial appointee to file a signed submission, see Rule 20-108.
(c) Multiple Signatures on a Single Document. When the signature of more than one person is required on a document, the filer shall (1) confirm that the content of the document is acceptable to all signers; (2) obtain the signatures of all signers; and (3) file the document electronically, indicating the signers in the same manner as the filer's signature. Filers other than judges, judicial appointees, clerks, and judicial personnel shall retain the signed document at least until the action is concluded.
(d) Signature Under Oath, Affirmation, or With Verification.
(1) Generally. When a person is required to sign a document under oath, affirmation, or with verification, the signer shall hand-sign the document. The filer shall scan the hand-signed document and file the scanned document electronically. The filer shall retain the original hand-signed document at least until the action is concluded or for such longer period ordered by the court. At any time prior to the conclusion of the action, the court may order the filer to produce the original hand-signed document.
(2) Actions for Nonpayment of Rent. In an action for nonpayment of rent under Code, Real Property Article, § 8-401, a person who signs a document under oath, affirmation, or with verification may use a signature as defined in Rule 20-101 (t). A person who signs a document under this subsection is subject to the provisions of section (e).
(e) Verified Submissions. When a submission is verified or the submission includes a document under oath, the signature of the filer constitutes a certification by the filer that (1) the filer has read the entire document; (2) the filer has not altered, or authorized the alteration of, the text of the verified material; and (3) the filer has either personally filed the submission or has authorized a designated assistant to file the submission on the filer's behalf pursuant to Rule 20-108.
Cross reference: For the definition of “hand-signed,” see Rule 20-101.
Source: This Rule is new.


[Adopted May 1, 2013, eff. July 1, 2013. Amended Dec. 7, 2015, eff. Jan. 1, 2016; June 20, 2017, eff. Aug. 1, 2017; Oct. 10, 2018, eff. Jan. 1, 2019; May 15, 2019, eff. July 1, 2019.]
MD Rules, Rule 20-107, MD R EFILING Rule 20-107
Current with amendments received through August 1, 2020.
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