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RULE 16-911. REQUIRED DENIAL OF INSPECTION--IN GENERAL

West's Annotated Code of MarylandMaryland RulesEffective: August 1, 2020

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Maryland Rules
Title 16. Court Administration
Chapter 900. Access to Judicial Records
Division 2. Limitations on Access
Effective: August 1, 2020
MD Rules, Rule 16-911
RULE 16-911. REQUIRED DENIAL OF INSPECTION--IN GENERAL
(a) When Inspection Would be Contrary to Federal Law, Certain Maryland Law, Maryland Rules, or Court Order. A custodian shall deny inspection of a judicial record or any part of a judicial record if inspection would be contrary to:
(1) the Constitution of the United States, a Federal statute, or a Federal regulation adopted under a Federal statute and that has the force of law;
(2) the Maryland Constitution;
(3) a provision of the PIA that is made applicable to judicial records by the Rules in this Chapter;
(4) a Rule adopted by the Court of Appeals; or
(5) an order entered by the court having custody of the judicial record or by any higher court having jurisdiction over
(A) the judicial record,
(B) the custodian of the judicial record, or
(C) the person seeking inspection of the judicial record.
(b) When Inspection Would be Contrary to Other Maryland Statutes. Unless inspection is otherwise permitted by the Rules in this Chapter, a custodian shall deny inspection of a judicial record or any part of a judicial record if inspection would be contrary to a statute enacted by the Maryland General Assembly, other than the PIA, that expressly or by necessary implication applies to a judicial record.
(c) When Record is Subject to Lawful Privilege or Confidentiality. Unless otherwise ordered by a court, a custodian shall deny inspection of a judicial record or part of a judicial record that, by law, is confidential or is subject to an unwaived lawful privilege.
(d) Judicial or other Professional Work Product. A custodian shall deny inspection of a judicial record or part of a judicial record that contains judicial or other professional work product.
(e) Record Subject to Expungement Order. A custodian shall deny inspection of a judicial record that has been ordered expunged.
(f) Security of Judicial Facilities, Equipment, Operations, Personnel. A custodian shall deny inspection of:
(1) a continuity of operations plan; and
(2) judicial records or parts of judicial records that consist of or describe policies, procedures, directives, or designs pertaining to the security or safety of judicial facilities, equipment, operations, or personnel, or of the members of the public while in or in proximity to judicial facilities or equipment.
Cross reference: For an example of a statute enacted by the General Assembly other than the PIA that restricts inspection of a case record, see Code, Criminal Procedure Article, Title 10, Subtitle 3.
Committee note: Subsection (a)(5) of this Rule allows a court to seal a record or otherwise preclude its disclosure. So long as a judicial record is under seal or subject to an order precluding or limiting disclosure, it may not be disclosed except in conformance with the court's order. The authority to seal a judicial record must be exercised in conformance with the general policy of these Rules and with supervening standards enunciated in decisions of the United States Supreme Court and the Maryland Court of Appeals. See Baltimore Sun Co. v. Colbert, 323 Md. 290 (1991).
Source: This Rule is derived from former Rule 16-906 (2019).

Credits

[Adopted June 29, 2020, eff. Aug. 1, 2020.]
MD Rules, Rule 16-911, MD R CTS J AND ATTYS Rule 16-911
Current with amendments received through May 15, 2022. Some sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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