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§ 14-101. Definitions

West's Annotated Code of MarylandHealth OccupationsEffective: May 8, 2020 to September 30, 2024

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Health Occupations (Refs & Annos)
Title 14. Physicians (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle 1. Definitions; General Provisions (Refs & Annos)
Effective: May 8, 2020 to September 30, 2024
MD Code, Health Occupations, § 14-101
§ 14-101. Definitions
<Section effective until October 1, 2024. See, also, section 14-101 effective October 1, 2024 until July 1, 2030, and section 14-101 effective July 1, 2030.>
In general
(a) In this title the following words have the meanings indicated.
Allied health professional
(a-1) “Allied health professional” means an individual licensed by the Board under Subtitle 5A, 5B, 5C, 5D, 5E, or 5F of this title or Title 15 of this article.
(b) “Board” means the State Board of Physicians.
Board certified
(c) “Board certified” means the physician is certified by a public or private board, including a multidisciplinary board, and the certifying board:
(1) Is:
(i) A member of the American Board of Medical Specialties;
(ii) An American Osteopathic Association certifying board;
(iii) The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; or
(iv) The College of Family Physicians of Canada;
(2) Has been approved by the Board under § 14-101.1 of this subtitle; or
(3) Requires that, in order to be certified, the physician:
(i) Complete a postgraduate training program that:
1. Provides complete training in the specialty or subspecialty; and
2. Is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or the American Osteopathic Association; and
(ii) Be certified by:
1. The member board of the American Board of Medical Specialties;
2. The American Osteopathic Association in the training field;
3. The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; or
4. The College of Family Physicians of Canada.
Civil action
(d) “Civil action” includes a health care malpractice claim under Title 3, Subtitle 2A of the Courts Article.
Compact physician
(d-1) “Compact physician” means a physician licensed under the Interstate Medical Licensure Compact established under § 14-3A-01 of this title.
Cosmetic surgical procedure
(e)(1) “Cosmetic surgical procedure” means the use of surgical services to reshape the structure of a human body in order to change the appearance of an individual.
(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this subsection, “cosmetic surgical procedure” does not include:
(i) A procedure done under local anesthesia or mild sedation; or
(ii) Liposuction that removes less than 1,000 cubic centimeters of aspirate.
(3) “Cosmetic surgical procedure” includes any procedure under paragraph (2) of this subsection that, under the circumstances established by the Secretary in regulations adopted under Title 19, Subtitle 3C of the Health--General Article, is a cosmetic surgical procedure.
Disciplinary panel
(e-1) “Disciplinary panel” means a disciplinary panel of the Board established under § 14-401 of this title.
(f) “Hospital” has the meaning stated in § 19-301 of the Health--General Article.
(g) “License” means, unless the context requires otherwise, a license issued by the Board to practice medicine.
Licensed physician
(h) “Licensed physician” means, unless the context requires otherwise, a physician, including a doctor of osteopathy, who is licensed by the Board to practice medicine.
(i) “Licensee” means an individual to whom a license is issued, including an individual practicing medicine within or as a professional corporation or professional association.
(j) “MedChi” means the Maryland State Medical Society.
Mild sedation
(k) “Mild sedation” means a drug-induced state during which:
(1) A patient is able to respond to verbal commands;
(2) A patient's ventilatory and cardiovascular functions are not affected; and
(3) A patient's cognitive function and coordination may be impaired.
Perform acupuncture
(l) “Perform acupuncture” means to stimulate a certain point or points on or near the surface of the human body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control, for the treatment of ailments or conditions of the body.
(m) “Physician” means an individual who practices medicine.
Physician rehabilitation program
(n) “Physician Rehabilitation Program” means the program of the Board or the nonprofit entity with which the Board contracts under § 14-401.1(g) of this title that evaluates and provides assistance to impaired physicians and other health professionals regulated by the Board who are directed by the Board to receive treatment and rehabilitation for alcoholism, chemical dependency, or other physical, emotional, or mental conditions.
Practice medicine
(o)(1) “Practice medicine” means to engage, with or without compensation, in medical:
(i) Diagnosis;
(ii) Healing;
(iii) Treatment; or
(iv) Surgery.
(2) “Practice medicine” includes doing, undertaking, professing to do, and attempting any of the following:
(i) Diagnosing, healing, treating, preventing, prescribing for, or removing any physical, mental, or emotional ailment or supposed ailment of an individual:
1. By physical, mental, emotional, or other process that is exercised or invoked by the practitioner, the patient, or both; or
2. By appliance, test, drug, operation, or treatment;
(ii) Ending of a human pregnancy; and
(iii) Performing acupuncture as provided under § 14-504 of this title.
(3) “Practice medicine” does not include:
(i) Selling any nonprescription drug or medicine;
(ii) Practicing as an optician; or
(iii) Performing a massage or other manipulation by hand, but by no other means.
Registered cardiovascular invasive specialist
(p) “Registered cardiovascular invasive specialist” means an individual who is credentialed by Cardiovascular Credentialing International or another credentialing body approved by the Board to assist in cardiac catheterization procedures under the direct, in-person supervision of a licensed physician.
Related institution
(q) “Related institution” has the meaning stated in § 19-301 of the Health--General Article.


Added by Acts 1981, c. 8, § 2, eff. July 1, 1981. Amended by Acts 1982, c. 644, § 1, eff. June 1, 1982; Acts 1982, c. 770, § 4, eff. July 1, 1982; Acts 1984, c. 430, §§ 1, 2, eff. July 1, 1984; Acts 1988, c. 109, § 1, eff. July 1, 1988; Acts 1988, c. 153, § 1, eff. July 1, 1988; Acts 1989, c. 5, § 1, eff. March 9, 1989; Acts 1990, c. 6, § 11, eff. Feb. 16, 1990; Acts 1993, c. 627, §§ 1, 2, eff. July 1, 1993; Acts 2003, c. 252, § 1, eff. July 1, 2003; Acts 2007, c. 539, § 1, eff. June 1, 2007; Acts 2010, c. 709, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2010; Acts 2013, c. 398, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013; Acts 2013, c. 401, § 1, eff. May 2, 2013; Acts 2013, c. 582, §§ 1, 2, eff. May 16, 2013; Acts 2013, c. 583, §§ 1, 2, eff. May 16, 2013; Acts 2014, c. 626, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2014; Acts 2017, c. 217, § 1, eff. April 18, 2017; Acts 2017, c. 218, § 1, eff. April 18, 2017; Acts 2018, c. 470, § 2, eff. July 1, 2019; Acts 2019, c. 445, §§ 1, 2, eff. Oct. 1, 2019; Acts 2020, c. 612, § 1, eff. May 8, 2020; Acts 2020, c. 613, § 1, eff. May 8, 2020.
MD Code, Health Occupations, § 14-101, MD HEALTH OCCUP § 14-101
Current with all legislation from the 2023 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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