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RULE 4-704. PETITION

West's Annotated Code of MarylandMaryland RulesEffective: December 1, 2019

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Maryland Rules
Title 4. Criminal Causes
Chapter 700. Post Conviction DNA Testing
Effective: December 1, 2019
MD Rules, Rule 4-704
RULE 4-704. PETITION
(a) Content.
(1) In General. Each petition shall state:
(A) the petitioner's name and, if applicable, place of confinement and inmate identification number;
(B) the court in which the charging document was filed, the date and place of trial, each offense of which the petitioner was convicted, and the sentence imposed for each offense;
(C) a description of all previous proceedings in the case, including direct appeals, motions for new trial, habeas corpus proceedings, post-conviction proceedings, and all other collateral proceedings, including (i) the court in which each proceeding was filed, (ii) the case number of each proceeding, (iii) the determinations made in each proceeding, and (iv) the date of each determination; and
(D) a statement regarding whether the petitioner is able to pay the cost of testing and to employ counsel. If indigent, the petitioner may request that the court appoint counsel.
(2) Request for DNA Testing. If the request is for DNA testing of scientific identification evidence, the petition shall contain:
(A) a description of the specific scientific identification evidence that the petitioner seeks to have tested;
(B) a statement of the factual basis for the claims that (i) the State possesses that evidence or is able to acquire it from a third party on its own initiative or by court order, (ii) the evidence is related to the conviction, including a concise description of how the evidence is related to the conviction, and (iii) a reasonable probability exists that the requested DNA testing has the scientific potential to produce exculpatory or mitigating evidence relevant to a claim of wrongful conviction or sentencing; and
(C) to the extent known: (i) a description of the type of DNA testing the petitioner seeks to employ and (ii) a statement of the basis for a claim that the DNA testing method has achieved general acceptance within the relevant scientific community.
(3) Request for Search of Law Enforcement Database or Log. If the request is for a search of a law enforcement agency database or log for the purpose of identifying the source of physical evidence used for DNA testing, the petition shall:
(A) identify with particularity the law enforcement agency whose database or log is to be searched; and
(B) state the factual basis for any claim that there is a reasonable probability that a search of the database or log will produce exculpatory or mitigating evidence relevant to a claim of wrongful conviction or sentencing or will identify the source of physical evidence used for DNA testing of a law enforcement database or log.
Committee note: A petition filed by an unrepresented petitioner may be lacking in some of the details required by subsections (a)(2) and (3) of this Rule. To justify an order requiring DNA testing or a search of law enforcement databases or logs, however, those details must be provided at some point. That may be achieved by the appointment of counsel under Rule 4-707 and an appropriate amendment to the petition. See Simms v. State, 409 Md. 722 (No. 97, September Term 2008, filed July 24, 2009).
(b) Amendment. Amendments to the petition shall be freely allowed in order to do substantial justice. If an amendment is made, the court shall allow the State a reasonable opportunity to respond to the amendment.
(c) Withdrawal. On motion of a petitioner, the court may grant leave for the petitioner to withdraw a petition. If the motion is filed before the court orders DNA testing or a search of a law enforcement agency DNA database or log, the leave to withdraw shall be without prejudice. If such an order has been issued, the leave to withdraw shall be with prejudice unless the court, for good cause, orders otherwise.
Source: This Rule is new.

Credits

[Adopted Sept. 10, 2009, eff. Oct. 1, 2009.]
MD Rules, Rule 4-704, MD R CR Rule 4-704
Current with amendments received through August 1, 2020.
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