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RULE 4-247. NOLLE PROSEQUI

West's Annotated Code of MarylandMaryland Rules

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Maryland Rules
Title 4. Criminal Causes
Chapter 200. Pretrial Procedures (Refs & Annos)
MD Rules, Rule 4-247
RULE 4-247. NOLLE PROSEQUI
(a) Disposition by Nolle Prosequi. The State's Attorney may terminate a prosecution on a charge and dismiss the charge by entering a nolle prosequi on the record in open court. The defendant need not be present in court when the nolle prosequi is entered, but if neither the defendant nor the defendant's attorney is present, the clerk shall send notice to the defendant, if the defendant's whereabouts are known, and to the defendant's attorney of record. Notice shall not be sent if either the defendant or the defendant's attorney was present in court when the nolle prosequi was entered. If notice is required, the clerk may send one notice that lists all of the charges that were dismissed.
(b) Effect of Nolle Prosequi. When a nolle prosequi has been entered on a charge, any conditions of pretrial release on that charge are terminated, and any bail bond posted for the defendant on that charge shall be released. The clerk shall take the action necessary to recall or revoke any outstanding warrant or detainer that could lead to the arrest or detention of the defendant because of that charge.
Cross reference: For provisions relating to expungement of the records after a case has been dismissed by entering a nolle prosequi, see Rule 4-329. For provisions relating to a nolle prosequi with the requirement of drug or alcohol treatment in non-violent crimes, see Code, Criminal Procedure Article, § 6-229.
Source: This Rule is derived from former Rule 782 a and b and M.D.R. 782 a and b.

Credits

[Adopted April 6, 1984, eff. July 1, 1984. Amended Nov. 1, 1991, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; April 5, 2005, eff. July 1, 2005; June 7, 2011, eff. July 1, 2011.]

Editors' Notes

HISTORICAL NOTES
2005 Orders
The April 5, 2005, order inserted the cross reference following section (b).
2011 Orders
The June 7, 2011, order rewrote section (a), which read:
(a) Disposition by Nolle Prosequi. The State's Attorney may terminate a prosecution on a charge and dismiss the charge by entering a nolle prosequi on the record in open court. The defendant need not be present in court when the nolle prosequi is entered, but in that even the clerk shall send notice to the defendant, if the defendant’s whereabouts are known, and to the defendants attorney of record.”
MD Rules, Rule 4-247, MD R CR Rule 4-247
Current with amendments received through August 1, 2019.
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