§ 17-101. Definitions
West's Annotated Code of MarylandCriminal ProcedureEffective: October 1, 2022
Effective: October 1, 2022
MD Code, Criminal Procedure, § 17-101
§ 17-101. Definitions
(c) “Direct-to-consumer genetic genealogy services” means genetic genealogy services that are offered by private companies directly to members of the public and law enforcement agencies rather than through clinical health care providers, typically via customer access to secure online websites.
(c-1) “Express consent” has the meaning stated in § 14-4401 of the Commercial Law Article.
(d) “FGG profile” means a genetic profile using SNPs or other sequencing methods generated from a forensic or reference sample by a laboratory for the purpose of conducting an FGGS.
(e) “Forensic genetic genealogical DNA analysis and search” or “FGGS” means:
(f)(1) “Forensic sample” means biological material reasonably believed by investigators to have been deposited by a putative perpetrator and that was collected from a crime scene or a person, an item, or a location connected to the criminal event.
(g) “Publicly available open-data personal genomics database” means a database in which persons voluntarily submit their genomics data or genetic profiles, typically processed through direct-to-consumer genetic genealogy services, for the purposes of comparison or searching against the genetic profiles of other individuals to evaluate potential familial relationships between the reference sample and other service user samples.
(h) “Putative perpetrator” means one or more criminal actors reasonably believed by investigators to have committed the crime under investigation and to be the source of, or a contributor to, a forensic sample deposited during or incident to the commission of a crime.
(i) “Reasonable investigative leads” means credible, case-specific facts, information, or circumstances that would lead a reasonably cautious investigator to believe that the pursuit would have a fair probability of identifying a putative perpetrator.
(k)(1) “Single-nucleotide polymorphisms” or “SNPs” means DNA sequence variations that occur when a single nucleotide (A, T, G, or C) in a genomic sequence varies.
(l) “STR DNA profile” means a genetic profile that examines genetic locations on the non-sex chromosomes that are used for the statewide DNA database system or the national DNA database system.
Added by Acts 2021, c. 681, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2021; Acts 2021, c. 682, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2021. Amended by Acts 2022, c. 135, § 1, eff. April 12, 2022; Acts 2022, c. 501, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2022.
MD Code, Criminal Procedure, § 17-101, MD CRIM PROC § 17-101
Current with legislation effective through June 1, 2023, from the 2023 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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