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§ 5-306. Qualifications for permit

West's Annotated Code of MarylandPublic SafetyEffective: October 1, 2023

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Public Safety (Refs & Annos)
Title 5. Firearms (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle 3. Handgun Permits (Refs & Annos)
Effective: October 1, 2023
MD Code, Public Safety, § 5-306
Formerly cited as MD CODE Art. 27, § 36E
§ 5-306. Qualifications for permit
In general
(a) Subject to subsections (c) and (d) of this section, the Secretary shall issue a permit within a reasonable time to a person who the Secretary finds:
(1)(i) is at least 21 years old; or
(ii) is a person who is a member of the armed forces of the United States, the National Guard, or the uniformed services;
(2)(i) has not been convicted of a felony or of a misdemeanor for which a sentence of imprisonment for more than 1 year has been imposed; or
(ii) if convicted of a crime described in item (i) of this item, has been pardoned or has been granted relief under 18 U.S.C. § 925(c);
(3) has not been convicted of a crime involving the possession, use, or distribution of a controlled dangerous substance;
(4) is not on supervised probation for:
(i) conviction of a crime punishable by imprisonment for 1 year or more;
(ii) a violation of § 21-902(b) or (c) of the Transportation Article; or
(iii) violating a protective order under § 4-509 of the Family Law Article;
(5) is not presently an alcoholic, addict, or habitual user of a controlled dangerous substance unless the habitual use of the controlled dangerous substance is under legitimate medical direction;
(6) does not suffer from a mental disorder as defined in § 10-101(i)(2) of the Health--General Article and have a history of violent behavior against the person or another;
(7) has not been involuntarily admitted for more than 30 consecutive days to a facility as defined in § 10-101 of the Health--General Article;
(8) is not a respondent against whom:
(i) a current non ex parte civil protective order has been entered under § 4-506 of the Family Law Article;
(ii) a current extreme risk protective order has been entered under § 5-601 of this title; or
(iii) any other type of current court order has been entered prohibiting the person from purchasing or possessing firearms;
(9) except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, has successfully completed prior to application and each renewal, a firearms training course approved by the Secretary that
meets the minimum criteria specified in subsection (a-1) of this section; and
(10) based on an investigation:
(i) has not exhibited a propensity for violence or instability that may reasonably render the person's possession of a handgun a danger to the person or to another; and
(ii) is not otherwise prohibited by State or federal law from purchasing or possessing a handgun.
Requirements for firearms training course
(a-1) The firearms training course required under subsection (a) of this section shall include:
(1)(i) for an initial application, a minimum of 16 hours of in-person instruction by a qualified handgun instructor; or
(ii) for a renewal application, 8 hours of in-person instruction by a qualified handgun instructor;
(2) classroom instruction on:
(i) State and federal firearm laws, including laws relating to:
1. self-defense;
2. defense of others;
3. defense of property;
4. the safe storage of firearms;
5. the circumstances under which an individual becomes prohibited from possessing a firearm under State and federal law, including becoming a respondent against whom:
A. a current non ex parte civil protective order has been entered under § 4-506 of the Family Law Article;
B. an order for protection, as defined in § 4-508.1 of the Family Law Article, has been issued by a court of another state or a Native American tribe and is in effect; or
C. a current extreme risk protective order has been entered under Subtitle 6 of this title;
6. the requirements and options for surrendering, transferring, or otherwise disposing of a firearm after becoming prohibited from possessing a firearm under State or federal law;
7. the requirements for reporting a loss or theft of a firearm to a law enforcement agency as required by § 5-146 of this title;
8. the firearms and firearm accessories which are banned under State and federal law;
9. the types of firearms that require a special permit or registration to acquire or possess under State or federal law;
10. the law prohibiting straw purchases;
11. the law concerning armed trespass under § 6-411 of the Criminal Law Article; and
12. the locations where a person is prohibited from possessing a firearm regardless of whether the person possesses a permit issued under this subtitle;
(ii) home firearm safety;
(iii) handgun mechanisms and operations;
(iv) conflict de-escalation and resolution;
(v) anger management; and
(vi) suicide prevention; and
(3) a firearm qualification component that includes live-fire shooting exercise on a firing range and requires the applicant to demonstrate:
(i) safe handling of a handgun; and
(ii) shooting proficiency with a handgun.
Curriculum for instruction
(a-2) The Secretary, in consultation with the Office of the Attorney General and the Department of Health, shall develop, publish, update, and distribute to all State-certified firearms instructors a curriculum of instruction for the topics required for classroom instruction in subsection (a-1) of this section.
Exemption from completing certified firearms training course
(b) An applicant for a permit is not required to complete a certified firearms training course under subsection (a) of this section if the applicant:
(1) is a law enforcement officer or a person who is retired in good standing from service with a law enforcement agency of the United States, the State, or any local law enforcement agency in the State;
(2) is a member, retired member, or honorably discharged member of the armed forces of the United States or the National Guard;
(3) is a qualified handgun instructor; or
(4) has completed a firearms training course approved by the Secretary.
Applicants under the age of 30
(c) An applicant under the age of 30 years is qualified only if the Secretary finds that the applicant has not been:
(1) committed to a detention, training, or correctional institution for juveniles for longer than 1 year after an adjudication of delinquency by a juvenile court; or
(2) adjudicated delinquent by a juvenile court for:
(i) an act that would be a crime of violence if committed by an adult;
(ii) an act that would be a felony in this State if committed by an adult; or
(iii) an act that would be a misdemeanor in this State that carries a statutory penalty of more than 2 years if committed by an adult.
Violations of § 4-104
(d)(1) The Secretary may not issue a permit to a person if the person:
(i) has been convicted on or after October 1, 2023, of a second or subsequent violation of § 4-104 of the Criminal Law Article; or
(ii) has been convicted on or after October 1, 2023, of a violation of § 4-104 of the Criminal Law Article if the violation resulted in the use of a loaded firearm by a minor causing death or serious bodily injury to the minor or another person.
(2) Subject to paragraph (1) of this subsection, the Secretary may not issue a permit to a person who has been convicted on or after October 1, 2023, of a violation of § 4-104 of the Criminal Law Article for 5 years following the date of the conviction.
Handgun qualification licenses
(e) The Secretary may issue a handgun qualification license, without an additional application or fee, to a person who:
(1) meets the requirements for issuance of a permit under this section; and
(2) does not have a handgun qualification license issued under § 5-117.1 of this title.

Credits

Added by Acts 2003, c. 5, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 2003. Amended by Acts 2013, c. 427, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013; Acts 2023, c. 651, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2023.
MD Code, Public Safety, § 5-306, MD PUBLIC SAFETY § 5-306
Current with all legislation from the 2023 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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