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§ 21-101. Definitions

West's Annotated Code of MarylandCommercial LawEffective: October 1, 2020

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Commercial Law
Title 21. The Maryland Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (Refs & Annos)
Effective: October 1, 2020
MD Code, Commercial Law, § 21-101
§ 21-101. Definitions
(a) In this title the following words have the meanings indicated.
(b) “Agreement” means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances and from rules, regulations, and procedures given the effect of agreements under laws otherwise applicable to a particular transaction.
(c) “Automated transaction” means a transaction conducted or performed, in whole or in part, by electronic means or electronic records, in which the acts or records of one or both parties are not reviewed by an individual in the ordinary course of forming a contract, performing under an existing contract, or fulfilling an obligation required by the transaction.
(d) “Computer program” means a set of statements or instructions to be used directly or indirectly in an information processing system in order to bring about a certain result.
(d-1) “Consumer” has the meaning stated in § 13-101 of this article.
(e) “Contract” means the total legal obligation resulting from the parties' agreement as affected by this title and other applicable law.
(e-1) “Dealer” has the meaning stated in § 15-101 of the Transportation Article.
(f) “Electronic” means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.
(g) “Electronic agent” means a computer program or an electronic or other automated means used independently to initiate an action or respond to electronic records or performances in whole or in part, without review or action by an individual.
(h) “Electronic record” means a record created, generated, sent, communicated, received, or stored by electronic means.
(i) “Electronic signature” means an electronic sound, symbol, or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record.
(j) “Governmental agency” means an executive, legislative, or judicial agency, department, board, commission, authority, institution, unit, or instrumentality of the federal government or of a state or of a county, municipality, or other political subdivision of a state.
(k) “Information” includes data, text, images, sounds, codes, computer programs, software, and databases.
(l) “Information processing system” means an electronic system for creating, generating, sending, receiving, storing, displaying, or processing information.
(m) “Person” means an individual, corporation, business trust, statutory trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, governmental agency, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity.
(n) “Record” means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
(o) “Security procedure” means a procedure employed for the purpose of verifying that an electronic signature, record, or performance is that of a specific person or for detecting changes or errors in the information in an electronic record. The term includes a procedure that requires the use of algorithms or other codes, identifying words or numbers, encryption, or callback or other acknowledgment procedures.
(p) “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The term includes an Indian tribe or band, or Alaskan native village, which is recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.
(q) “Transaction” means an action or set of actions occurring between two or more persons relating to the conduct of business, commercial, or governmental affairs.
(r) “Vehicle” has the meaning stated in § 11-176 of the Transportation Article.


Added by Acts 2000, c. 8, § 1, eff. June 1, 2000. Amended by Acts 2008, c. 79, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 2008; Acts 2010, c. 611, § 2, eff. June 1, 2010; Acts 2020, c. 71, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2020; Acts 2020, c. 72, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2020.
MD Code, Commercial Law, § 21-101, MD COML § 21-101
Current through legislation effective through May 9, 2024, from the 2024 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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