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§ 4A-203. Unenforceability of certain verified payment orders

West's Annotated Code of MarylandCommercial Law

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Commercial Law
Title 4a. Funds Transfers (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle 2. Issue and Acceptance of Payment Order (Refs & Annos)
MD Code, Commercial Law, § 4A-203
§ 4A-203. Unenforceability of certain verified payment orders
(a) If an accepted payment order is not an authorized order of a customer identified as sender under § 4A-202(a) of this subtitle, but is effective as an order of the customer pursuant to § 4A-202(b) of this subtitle, the following rules apply:
(1) By express written agreement, the receiving bank may limit the extent to which it is entitled to enforce or retain payment of the payment order.
(2) The receiving bank is not entitled to enforce or retain payment of the payment order if the customer proves that the order was not caused, directly or indirectly, by a person:
(i) Entrusted at any time with duties to act for the customer with respect to payment orders or the security procedure; or
(ii) Who obtained access to transmitting facilities of the customer or who obtained, from a source controlled by the customer and without authority of the receiving bank, information facilitating breach of the security procedure, regardless of how the information was obtained or whether the customer was at fault. Information includes any access device, computer software, or the like.
(b) This section applies to amendments of payment orders to the same extent that it applies to payment orders.


Added by Acts 1991, c. 548, § 1, eff. July 1, 1991.
MD Code, Commercial Law, § 4A-203, MD COML § 4A-203
Current through legislation effective through April 9, 2023, from the 2024 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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