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§ 20-1301. Definitions

West's Annotated Code of MarylandHealth--GeneralEffective: October 1, 2021

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Title 20. Miscellaneous Health Provisions (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle 13. Cultural and Linguistic Competency of Health Care Providers (Refs & Annos)
Effective: October 1, 2021
MD Code, Health - General, § 20-1301
§ 20-1301. Definitions
In general
(a) In this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated.
Cultural and linguistic competency
(b) “Cultural and linguistic competency” means cultural and linguistic abilities that can be incorporated into therapeutic and medical evaluation and treatment, including:
(1) Direct communication in the patient's primary language;
(2) Understanding and applying the roles that culture, ethnicity, and race play in diagnosis, treatment, and clinical care; and
(3) Awareness of how the attitudes, values, and beliefs of health care providers and patients influence and impact professional and patient relations.
Health care provider
(c) “Health care professional” includes a physician, nurse, dentist, social worker, psychologist, pharmacist, health educator, or other allied health professional.
Implicit bias
(d) “Implicit bias” means a bias in judgment that results from subtle cognitive processes, including the following prejudices and stereotypes that often operate at a level below conscious awareness and without intentional control:
(1) Prejudicial negative feelings or beliefs about a group that an individual holds without being aware of the feelings or beliefs; and
(2) Unconscious attributions of particular qualities to a member of a specific social group that are influenced by experience and based on learned associations between various qualities and social categories, including race and gender.
(e) “Program” means the Cultural and Linguistic Health Care Professional Competency Program.


Added by Acts 2009, c. 414, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2009. Amended by Acts 2012, c. 671, § 1, eff. July 1, 2012; Acts 2021, c. 744, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2021; Acts 2021, c. 745, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2021.
MD Code, Health - General, § 20-1301, MD HEALTH GEN § 20-1301
Current with all legislation from the 2023 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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