Home Table of Contents

RULE 2-433. SANCTIONS

West's Annotated Code of MarylandMaryland Rules

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Maryland Rules
Title 2. Civil Procedure--Circuit Court
Chapter 400. Discovery (Refs & Annos)
MD Rules, Rule 2-433
RULE 2-433. SANCTIONS
(a) For Certain Failures of Discovery. Upon a motion filed under Rule 2-432 (a), the court, if it finds a failure of discovery, may enter such orders in regard to the failure as are just, including one or more of the following:
(1) An order that the matters sought to be discovered, or any other designated facts shall be taken to be established for the purpose of the action in accordance with the claim of the party obtaining the order;
(2) An order refusing to allow the failing party to support or oppose designated claims or defenses, or prohibiting that party from introducing designated matters in evidence; or
(3) An order striking out pleadings or parts thereof, or staying further proceeding until the discovery is provided, or dismissing the action or any part thereof, or entering a judgment by default that includes a determination as to liability and all relief sought by the moving party against the failing party if the court is satisfied that it has personal jurisdiction over that party. If, in order to enable the court to enter default judgment, it is necessary to take an account or to determine the amount of damages or to establish the truth of any averment by evidence or to make an investigation of any matter, the court may rely on affidavits, conduct hearings or order references as appropriate, and, if requested, shall preserve to the plaintiff the right of trial by jury.
Instead of any of those orders or in addition thereto, the court, after opportunity for hearing, shall require the failing party or the attorney advising the failure to act or both of them to pay the reasonable costs and expenses, including attorneys' fees, caused by the failure, unless the court finds that the failure was substantially justified or that other circumstances make an award of costs and expenses unjust.
(b) For Loss of Electronically Stored Information. Absent exceptional circumstances, a court may not impose sanctions under these Rules on a party for failing to provide electronically stored information that is no longer available as a result of the routine, good-faith operations of an electronic information system.
(c) For Failure to Comply With Order Compelling Discovery. If a person fails to obey an order compelling discovery, the court, upon motion of a party and reasonable notice to other parties and all persons affected, may enter such orders in regard to the failure as are just, including one or more of the orders set forth in section (a) of this Rule. If justice cannot otherwise be achieved, the court may enter an order in compliance with Rule 15-206 treating the failure to obey the order as a contempt.
(d) Award Costs and Expenses Expenses, Including Attorneys' Fees. If a motion filed under Rule 2-403, 2-432, or 2-434 is granted, the court, after opportunity for hearing, shall require (1) the party or deponent whose conduct necessitated the motion, (2) the party or the attorney advising the conduct, or (3) both of them to pay to the moving party the reasonable costs and expenses incurred in obtaining the order, including attorneys' fees, unless the court finds that the opposition to the motion was substantially justified or that other circumstances make an award of expenses unjust.
If the motion is denied, the court, after opportunity for hearing, shall require the (1) moving party, (2) the attorney advising the motion, or (3) both of them to pay to the party or deponent who opposed the motion the reasonable costs and expenses incurred in opposing the motion, including attorneys' fees, unless the court finds that the making of the motion was substantially justified or that other circumstances make an award of expenses unjust.
If the motion is granted in part and denied in part, the court may apportion the reasonable costs and expenses incurred in relation to the motion among the parties and persons in a just manner.
(e) Statement Regarding Costs and Expenses, Including Attorneys' Fees. If a motion or a response to a motion contains a request for an award of costs and expenses, including attorneys' fees, the request shall (1) include, or (2) be separately supported by, a verified statement in conformance with Rule 1-341 (b). With the approval of the court, the party requesting the award may defer the filing of the supporting statement until 15 days after the court determines the party's entitlement to costs and expenses, including attorneys' fees.
(f) Response to Request. Within 15 days after the filing of a statement in support of a request for an award of costs, expenses, or attorneys' fees, a party against whom the award in sought may file a response.
(g) Guidelines. In determining an award of attorneys' fees and related expenses in excess of $500 under this Rule, the court may consider the Guidelines Regarding Compensable and Non-compensable Attorneys' Fees and Related Expenses contained in an Appendix to these Rules.
Source: This Rule is derived as follows:
Section (a) is derived from former Rule 422 c 1 and 2.
Section (b) is new and is derived from the 2006 version of Fed. R. Civ. P. 37 (f).
Section (c) is derived from former Rule 422 b.
Section (d) is derived from the 1980 version of Fed. R. Civ. P. 37 (a) (4) and former Rule 422 a 5, 6 and 7.
Section (e) is new.
Section (f) is new.
Section (g) is new.

Credits

[Adopted April 6, 1984, eff. July 1, 1984. Amended Nov. 22, 1989, eff. Jan. 1, 1990; Jan. 20, 1999, eff. July 1, 1999; Nov. 12, 2003, eff. Jan. 1, 2004; Dec. 4, 2007, eff. Jan. 1, 2008; Oct. 17, 2013, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.]

Editors' Notes

HISTORICAL NOTES
2003 Orders
The November 12, 2003, order amended the source note.
2007 Orders
The December 4, 2007, order, added a new section (b) pertaining to the loss of electronically stored information; renumbered section (c) to be section (d); and amended the source note.
2013 Orders
The October 27, 2013, order, amended the rule to add to sections (a) and (b) the words “costs and” before the word “expenses”; to add language to the tagline of section (d); to add to section (d) a reference to Rule 2-434; to add a new section (e) pertaining to a verified statement regarding costs and expenses, including attorneys’ fees; to add a new section (f) pertaining to a response to a request for an award of costs and expenses, including attorneys’ fees; to add a new section (g) referring to the Guidelines Regarding Compensable and Non-compensable Attorneys’ Fees and Related Expenses; and to make stylistic changes.
MD Rules, Rule 2-433, MD R RCP CIR CT Rule 2-433
Current with amendments received through July 1, 2019.
End of Document© 2019 Thomson Reuters. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.