Home Table of Contents

§ 5-419. Real estate investment trustees or shareholders

West's Annotated Code of MarylandCourts and Judicial Proceedings

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Courts and Judicial Proceedings
Title 5. Limitations, Prohibited Actions, and Immunities (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle 4. Immunities and Prohibited Actions--Businesses, Associations, and Charities (Refs & Annos)
MD Code, Courts and Judicial Proceedings, § 5-419
§ 5-419. Real estate investment trustees or shareholders
In general
(a) Subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, a shareholder or trustee of a real estate investment, defined under Title 8, Subtitle 1 of the Corporations and Associations Article, is not personally liable for the obligations of the real estate investment trust.
Actions involving bad faith, willful misfeasance, or gross negligence
(b) If a trustee otherwise would be liable, the provisions of subsection (a) of this section do not relieve the trustee from any liability to the trust or its security holders for any act that constitutes:
(1) Bad faith;
(2) Willful misfeasance;
(3) Gross negligence; or
(4) Reckless disregard of the trustee's duties.
Trust provisions expanding or limiting liability of trustees or officers
(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, the declaration of trust of a real estate investment trust may include any provision expanding or limiting the liability of its trustees and officers to the trust or its shareholders for money damages.
(2) The declaration of trust of a real estate investment trust may not include any provision that restricts or limits the liability of its trustees or officers to the trust or its shareholders:
(i) To the extent that it is proved that the person actually received an improper benefit or profit in money, property, or services, for the amount of the benefit or profit in money, property, or services actually received; or
(ii) To the extent that a judgment or other final adjudication adverse to the person is entered in a proceeding based on a finding in the proceeding that the person's action or failure to act was the result of active and deliberate dishonesty and was material to the cause of action adjudicated in the proceeding.
(3) This subsection may not be construed to affect the liability of a person in any capacity other than the person's capacity as a trustee or officer of a real estate investment trust.

Credits

Added as Courts and Judicial Proceedings § 5-350 by Acts 1990, c. 546, § 3, eff. Oct. 1, 1990. Amended by Acts 1992, c. 622, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1992. Renumbered as Courts and Judicial Proceedings § 5-419 by Acts 1997, c. 14, § 9, eff. April 8, 1997.
MD Code, Courts and Judicial Proceedings, § 5-419, MD CTS & JUD PRO § 5-419
Current with all legislation from the 2023 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
End of Document