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§ 10-101. Definitions

West's Annotated Code of MarylandCriminal ProcedureEffective: October 1, 2007

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Criminal Procedure (Refs & Annos)
Title 10. Criminal Records (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle 1. Expungement of Police and Court Records (Refs & Annos)
Effective: October 1, 2007
MD Code, Criminal Procedure, § 10-101
§ 10-101. Definitions
In general
(a) In this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated.
Central Repository
(b) “Central Repository” means the Criminal Justice Information System Central Repository in the Department.
Court record
(c)(1) “Court record” means an official record of a court that the clerk of a court or other court personnel keeps about:
(i) a criminal proceeding; or
(ii) any other proceeding, except a juvenile proceeding, concerning a civil offense or infraction enacted under State or local law as a substitute for a criminal charge.
(2) “Court record” includes:
(i) a record of a violation of the Transportation Article for which a term of imprisonment may be imposed; and
(ii) an index, docket entry, charging document, pleading, memorandum, transcription of proceedings, electronic recording, order, and judgment.
Expunge
(d) “Expunge” means to remove information from public inspection in accordance with this subtitle.
Expungement
(e) “Expungement” with respect to a court record or a police record means removal from public inspection:
(1) by obliteration;
(2) by removal to a separate secure area to which persons who do not have a legitimate reason for access are denied access; or
(3) if access to a court record or police record can be obtained only by reference to another court record or police record, by the expungement of it or the part of it that provides access.
Law enforcement unit
(f) “Law enforcement unit” means a State, county, or municipal police department or unit, the office of a sheriff, the office of a State's Attorney, the Office of the State Prosecutor, or the Office of the Attorney General of the State.
Minor traffic violation
(g) “Minor traffic violation” means a nonincarcerable violation of the Maryland Vehicle Law1 or any other traffic law, ordinance, or regulation.
Police record
(h) “Police record” means an official record that a law enforcement unit, booking facility, or the Central Repository maintains about the arrest and detention of, or further proceeding against, a person for:
(1) a criminal charge;
(2) a suspected violation of a criminal law;
(3) a violation of the Transportation Article for which a term of imprisonment may be imposed; or
(4) a civil offense or infraction, except a juvenile offense, enacted under State or local law as a substitute for a criminal charge.

Credits

Added by Acts 2001, c. 10, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 2001. Amended by Acts 2002, c. 131, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2002; Acts 2007, c. 63, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007; Acts 2007, c. 252, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007; Acts 2007, c. 388, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007.
Formerly Art. 27, § 735.

Footnotes

Transportation, § 11-101 et seq.
MD Code, Criminal Procedure, § 10-101, MD CRIM PROC § 10-101
Current through legislation effective through April 21, 2022, from the 2022 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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