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§ 18-101. Definitions

West's Annotated Code of MarylandInsuranceEffective: May 8, 2020

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Insurance (Refs & Annos)
Title 18. Long-Term Care Insurance (Refs & Annos)
Effective: May 8, 2020
MD Code, Insurance, § 18-101
§ 18-101. Definitions
In general
(a) In this title the following words have the meanings indicated.
Alzheimer’s disease
(b) “Alzheimer's disease” means a progressive brain disease diagnosed as Alzheimer's disease by the licensed attending physician of the insured or certificate holder and confirmed by a second opinion of a licensed physician.
(c) “Applicant” means:
(1) for an individual policy or contract of long-term care insurance, the individual who seeks to contract for benefits; or
(2) for a group policy of long-term care insurance, the proposed certificate holder.
(d) “Carrier” means an insurer, nonprofit health service plan, health maintenance organization, or preferred provider organization.
(e) “Certificate” means a certificate that is issued under a group policy of long-term care insurance if the certificate is delivered or issued for delivery in the State and covers individuals who reside in the State.
Long-term care insurance
(f)(1) “Long-term care insurance” means an individual or group policy, contract, certificate, or rider that:
(i) is issued, delivered, or offered by a carrier;
(ii) is advertised, marketed, offered, or designed to provide coverage for at least 24 consecutive months for each covered individual on an expense-incurred, indemnity, prepaid, or insured basis; and
(iii) provides one or more necessary or appropriate diagnostic, preventive, therapeutic, rehabilitative, maintenance, or personal care services in a setting other than an acute care unit of a hospital.
(2) “Long-term care insurance” includes any product that is advertised, marketed, or offered as long-term care insurance.
(3) “Long-term care insurance” does not include:
(i) a policy, contract, certificate, or rider that is offered primarily to provide:
1. basic Medicare supplement coverage;
2. hospital confinement indemnity coverage;
3. basic hospital expense or medical surgical expense coverage;
4. disability income protection coverage;
5. accident-only coverage;
6. specified disease or specified accident coverage; or
7. skilled nursing care;
(ii) a life insurance policy that:
1. accelerates the death benefit specifically for:
A. one or more of the qualifying events of terminal illness;
B. a medical condition that requires extraordinary medical intervention; or
C. permanent institutional confinement;
2. provides the option of lump-sum payments for the benefits listed in item 1 of this item; or
3. does not make benefits or eligibility for benefits conditional on receipt of long-term care; or
(iii) a certificate that is issued under an out-of-state employer group contract.
Loss ratio
(g) “Loss ratio” means the ratio of losses incurred to premiums earned on policies that are issued, delivered, or renewed in the State.
Out-of-state employer group contract
(h) “Out-of-state employer group contract” means a group contract that:
(1) is entered into with an employer in a state other than this State; and
(2) is issued directly to an employer under the laws of that employer's state.
Preexisting condition
(i) “Preexisting condition” means a condition for which medical advice or treatment was recommended by or received from a provider of health care services within 6 months before the effective date of coverage of the insured or certificate holder.


Added by Acts 1997, c. 35, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 1997. Amended by Acts 2008, c. 631, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2008; Acts 2008, c. 632, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2008; Acts 2020, c. 628, § 1, eff. May 8, 2020.
Formerly Art. 48A, § 642.
MD Code, Insurance, § 18-101, MD INSURANCE § 18-101
Current with all legislation from the 2023 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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