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RULE 1-311. SIGNING OF PLEADINGS AND OTHER PAPERS

West's Annotated Code of MarylandMaryland Rules

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Maryland Rules
Title 1. General Provisions
Chapter 300. General Provisions
MD Rules, Rule 1-311
RULE 1-311. SIGNING OF PLEADINGS AND OTHER PAPERS
(a) Requirement. Every pleading and paper of a party represented by an attorney shall be signed by at least one attorney who has been admitted to practice law in this State and who complies with Rule 1-312. Every pleading and paper of a party who is not represented by an attorney shall be signed by the party. Every pleading or paper filed shall contain (1) the signer's address, telephone number, facsimile number, if any, and e-mail address, if any, and (2) if the pleading or paper is signed by an attorney pursuant to Rule 20-107, the attorney's Client Protection Fund ID number.
Committee note: The requirement that a pleading contain a facsimile number, if any, and e-mail address, if any, does not alter the filing or service rules or time periods triggered by the entry of a judgment. See Blundon v. Taylor, 364 Md. 1 (2001).
(b) Effect of Signature. The signature of an attorney on a pleading or paper constitutes a certification that the attorney has read the pleading or paper; that to the best of the attorney's knowledge, information, and belief there is good ground to support it; and that it is not interposed for improper purpose or delay.
(c) Sanctions. If a pleading or paper is not signed as required (except inadvertent omission to sign, if promptly corrected) or is signed with intent to defeat the purpose of this Rule, it may be stricken and the action may proceed as though the pleading or paper had not been filed. For a wilful violation of this Rule, an attorney is subject to appropriate disciplinary action.
Source: This Rule is derived as follows:
Section (a) is derived from former Rules 302 a, 301 f, and the 1937 version of Fed. R. Civ. P. 11.
Section (b) is derived from former Rule 302 b and the 1937 version of Fed. R. Civ. P. 11.
Section (c) is derived from the 1937 version of Fed. R. Civ. P. 11.

Credits

[Adopted April 6, 1984, eff. July 1, 1984. Amended Nov. 12, 2003, eff. Jan. 1, 2004; April 5, 2005, eff. July 1, 2005; Oct. 20, 2010; June 7, 2011, eff. July 1, 2011; Dec. 7, 2015, eff. Jan. 1, 2016.]

Editors' Notes

HISTORICAL NOTES
2003 Orders
The November 12, 2003, order amended the source note.
2005 Orders
The April 5, 2005, order, in section (a), added the last sentence, relating to electronic mail addresses and facsimile numbers; and added the committee note following section (a).
2010 Orders
The October 20, 2010, order, in subsec. (c), inserted “or paper” following “the pleading”.
2011 Orders
The June 7, 2011 order rewrote section (a); amended the committee note following section (a); and added source notes. Prior to amendment, section (a) read:
(a) Requirement. Every pleading and paper of a party represented by an attorney shall be signed by at least one attorney who has been admitted to practice law in this State and who complies with Rule 1-312. Every pleading and paper of a party who is not represented by an attorney shall be signed by the party. Every pleading or paper filed shall contain the signer's address, telephone number, facsimile number, if any, and e-mail address, if any.”
2015 Orders
The December 7, 2015, order, required that every pleading or paper signed by an attorney pursuant to Rule 20-107 contains the attorney’s Client Protection Fund ID number.
MD Rules, Rule 1-311, MD R GEN Rule 1-311
Current with amendments received through September 1, 2017
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