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§ 4-215. Violations and penalties

West's Annotated Code of MarylandEnvironmentEffective: April 8, 2008

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Environment
Title 4. Water Management (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle 2. Stormwater Management (Refs & Annos)
Effective: April 8, 2008
MD Code, Environment, § 4-215
§ 4-215. Violations and penalties
Criminal penalty
(a)(1) Any person who violates any provision of this subtitle or any regulation or stormwater management plan adopted or approved under this subtitle is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction in a court of competent jurisdiction is subject to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 1 year or both for each violation with costs imposed in the discretion of the court.
(2) The court may order the person to restore the area unlawfully disturbed.
(3) Each day upon which the violation occurs constitutes a separate offense.
Injunctions
(b) Any agency whose approval is required under this subtitle or any interested person may seek an injunction against any person who violates or threatens to violate any provision of this subtitle or any regulation or stormwater management plan adopted or approved under this subtitle.
Civil actions
(c)(1) In addition to any other sanction under this subtitle, the Department or the Department of Natural Resources, as appropriate, or a political subdivision may bring a civil action against any person for any violation of this subtitle or any regulation or stormwater management plan adopted or approved under this subtitle.
(2) The action may seek the imposition of a civil penalty of not more than $10,000 against the person, an injunction to prohibit the person from continuing the violation or both.
Separate offenses
(d) For purposes of a civil action brought under subsection (c) of this section, each day during which a violation continues constitutes a separate offense.
Other remedies
(e)(1) In addition to any other remedies available at law and after an opportunity for a hearing which may be waived in writing by the person accused of a violation, the Department may impose a penalty for violation of any provision of this subtitle or any regulation or plan adopted or approved under this subtitle.
(2) The penalty imposed on a person under this subsection shall be:
(i) Up to $1,000 for each violation, but not exceeding $20,000 total for any action; and
(ii) Assessed with consideration given to:
1. The willfulness of the violation, the extent to which the existence of the violation was known to but uncorrected by the violator, and the extent to which the violator exercised reasonable care;
2. Any actual harm to the environment or to human health, including injury to or impairment of the use of the waters of this State or the natural resources of this State;
3. The cost of cleanup and the cost of restoration of natural resources;
4. The nature and degree of injury to or interference with general welfare, health, and property;
5. The extent to which the location of the violation, including location near waters of this State or areas of human population, creates the potential for harm to the environment or to human health or safety;
6. The available technology and economic reasonableness of controlling, reducing, or eliminating the violation;
7. The degree of hazard posed by the particular pollutant or pollutants involved;
8. The extent to which the current violation is part of a recurrent pattern of the same or similar type of violation committed by the violator; and
9. Whether or not penalties were assessed or will be assessed under other provisions of this subtitle.
(3) Each day a violation occurs is a separate violation under this subsection.
(4) Any penalty imposed under this subsection is payable to this State and collectible in any manner provided at law for the collection of penalties.
Authority of Attorney General
(f) If a county or municipality fails to enforce any provision of this subtitle, the Department may request the Attorney General to take appropriate legal action to correct the violation and to recover penalties under this section, provided that the county or municipality has been given prior written notification of the violation by the Department and has been afforded a reasonable opportunity to take enforcement action.

Credits

Added by Acts 1982, c. 682. Amended by 1987, c. 306, § 3; Acts 1990, c. 673; Acts 2003, c. 444, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2003; Acts 2008, c. 36, § 1, eff. April 8, 2008.
MD Code, Environment, § 4-215, MD ENVIR § 4-215
Current through legislation effective through May 9, 2024, from the 2024 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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