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§ 5-805. Community service programs

West's Annotated Code of MarylandCourts and Judicial ProceedingsEffective: July 1, 2017

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Courts and Judicial Proceedings
Title 5. Limitations, Prohibited Actions, and Immunities (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle 8. Immunities and Prohibited Actions--Miscellaneous (Refs & Annos)
Effective: July 1, 2017
MD Code, Courts and Judicial Proceedings, § 5-805
§ 5-805. Community service programs
Definitions
(a)(1) In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.
(2) “Agent” means an officer, director, trustee, employee, or volunteer of a provider, but does not mean an offender or participant.
(3) “Offender” means a person assigned or ordered to perform community service:
(i) By a court under Title 8, Subtitle 7 of the Correctional Services Article or § 3-8A-19 of this article; or
(ii) By an intake officer under § 3-8A-10 of this article.
(4) “Participant” means an individual who is engaged in a community service work activity under the Family Investment Program established under Title 5, Subtitle 3 of the Human Services Article.
(5) “Private provider” means an organization that:
(i) Is exempt from taxation under § 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code; and
(ii) 1. Is approved by a community service program administrator for participation in a community service program as described in Title 8, Subtitle 7 of the Correctional Services Article;
2. Provides work projects for juveniles assigned or ordered to perform community service under § 3-8A-10 or § 3-8A-19 of this article; or
3. Is approved by the Department of Human Services as a community service work activity provider under Title 5, Subtitle 3 of the Human Services Article.
(6) “Public provider” means a unit of State or local government that is subject to Title 12, Subtitle 1 of the State Government Article (Maryland Tort Claims Act)1 or Subtitle 3 of this title (Local Government Tort Claims Act) and that:
(i) Refers an offender to or provides a work project to which an offender is ordered or assigned to work; or
(ii) Refers a participant to or provides a work project to which a participant is assigned to work.
Liability of private providers
(b)(1) A private provider shall be liable up to the limits of the liability insurance coverage required under paragraph (3) of this subsection or any applicable insurance coverage, whichever is greater, for the negligent acts or omissions of:
(i) The private provider or its agents in providing projects or services to, or performing duties for or on behalf of, a community service program; and
(ii) An offender or participant in the course of participating in a work project the private provider has provided for a community service program.
(2) A private provider shall not be liable for the conduct of an offender or participant unless the offender's or participant's conduct was:
(i) In the course of the offender's or participant's participation in a project which the private provider has provided for a community service program; and
(ii) Within the scope of the duties which the offender or participant was assigned or ordered to perform.
(3) A private provider shall maintain liability insurance in at least the amounts specified in § 5-406(b)(3) of this title.
Liability of participants
(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, a participant is not personally liable for damages in any civil action brought against the participant by virtue of the participant's act or omission in community service work if the private provider maintains the liability insurance required under subsection (b)(3) of this section.
(2) A participant is liable for damages in a civil action brought against the participant in which it is found that the damages were the result of the participant's willful, wanton, or grossly negligent act or omission.
Liability to extent permitted by Maryland Tort Claims Act or Local Government Tort Claims Act
(d) A public provider and its agents shall be liable for the negligent acts or omissions of the public provider and its agents in providing projects or services to, or performing duties for or on behalf of, a community service program to the extent permitted by the provisions of the Maryland Tort Claims Act or the Local Government Tort Claims Act.
Construction and application of section
(e) This section does not affect and may not be construed as affecting:
(1) The liability of an offender;
(2) Any immunities from civil liability or any defense established by any other provision of the Code or at common law;
(3) Any limitation on damages established by law to which a provider or its agents otherwise may be entitled; or
(4) The liability of a provider or its agents for an act or omission of the provider or its agents that constitutes gross negligence, reckless or wanton misconduct, or intentionally tortious conduct.
Actions or legal rights against providers or agents
(f) This section does not create, and may not be construed as creating, a new cause of action or substantive legal right against a provider or its agents.

Credits

Added as Courts and Judicial Proceedings § 5-399.6 by Acts 1993, c. 72, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1993. Renumbered as Courts and Judicial Proceedings § 5-805 by Acts 1997, c. 14, § 9, eff. April 8, 1997. Amended by Acts 1997, c. 14, § 20, eff. April 8, 1997; Acts 1997, c. 593, § 1, eff. May 22, 1997; Acts 2001, c. 415, § 6, eff. Oct. 1, 2001; Acts 2002, c. 19, § 1, eff. April 9, 2002; Acts 2007, c. 8, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007; Acts 2013, c. 43, § 5; Acts 2017, c. 62, § 6.

Footnotes

State Government, § 12-101 et seq.
MD Code, Courts and Judicial Proceedings, § 5-805, MD CTS & JUD PRO § 5-805
Current with all legislation from the 2023 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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