Home Table of Contents

§ 3-110. Plea of not criminally responsible

West's Annotated Code of MarylandCriminal Procedure

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Criminal Procedure (Refs & Annos)
Title 3. Incompetency and Criminal Responsibility in Criminal Cases (Refs & Annos)
MD Code, Criminal Procedure, § 3-110
§ 3-110. Plea of not criminally responsible
Written plea of not criminally responsible
(a)(1) If a defendant intends to rely on a plea of not criminally responsible, the defendant or defense counsel shall file a written plea alleging, in substance, that when the alleged crime was committed, the defendant was not criminally responsible by reason of insanity under the test for criminal responsibility in § 3-109 of this title.
(2) A written plea of not criminally responsible by reason of insanity shall be filed at the time provided for initial pleading, unless, for good cause shown, the court allows the plea to be filed later.
Burden of proof
(b) The defendant has the burden to establish, by a preponderance of the evidence, the defense of not criminally responsible.
Separate determination by trier of fact
(c) If the trier of fact finds that the State has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the criminal act charged, then, if the defendant has pleaded not criminally responsible, the trier of fact separately shall find whether the defendant has established, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the defendant was at the time criminally responsible or not criminally responsible by reason of insanity under the test for criminal responsibility in § 3-109 of this title.
Written plea required for court to enter verdict
(d) A court may not enter a verdict of not criminally responsible unless the defendant or defense counsel has filed a written plea under subsection (a) of this section.

Credits

Added by Acts 2001, c. 10, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 2001. Amended by Acts 2001, c. 35, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2001.
MD Code, Criminal Procedure, § 3-110, MD CRIM PROC § 3-110
Current through all legislation from the 2022 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
End of Document