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§ 3-303. Rape in the first degree

West's Annotated Code of MarylandCriminal LawEffective: October 1, 2017

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Criminal Law (Refs & Annos)
Title 3. Other Crimes Against the Person
Subtitle 3. Sexual Crimes (Refs & Annos)
Effective: October 1, 2017
MD Code, Criminal Law, § 3-303
Formerly cited as MD CODE Art. 27, § 462
§ 3-303. Rape in the first degree
Prohibited--In general
(a) A person may not:
(1)(i) engage in vaginal intercourse with another by force, or the threat of force, without the consent of the other; or
(ii) engage in a sexual act with another by force, or the threat of force, without the consent of the other; and
(2)(i) employ or display a dangerous weapon, or a physical object that the victim reasonably believes is a dangerous weapon;
(ii) suffocate, strangle, disfigure, or inflict serious physical injury on the victim or another in the course of committing the crime;
(iii) threaten, or place the victim in fear, that the victim, or an individual known to the victim, imminently will be subject to death, suffocation, strangulation, disfigurement, serious physical injury, or kidnapping;
(iv) commit the crime while aided and abetted by another; or
(v) commit the crime in connection with a burglary in the first, second, or third degree.
Prohibited--Child kidnapping
(b) A person may not violate subsection (a) of this section while also violating § 3-503(a)(2) of this title involving a victim who is a child under the age of 16 years.
Prohibited--Children under age 13
(c) A person 18 years of age or older may not violate subsection (a) of this section involving a victim who is a child under the age of 13 years.
Penalty
(d)(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of this subsection, a person who violates subsection (a) of this section is guilty of the felony of rape in the first degree and on conviction is subject to imprisonment not exceeding life.
(2) A person who violates subsection (b) of this section is guilty of the felony of rape in the first degree and on conviction is subject to imprisonment not exceeding life without the possibility of parole.
(3) A person who violates subsection (a) or (b) of this section is guilty of the felony of rape in the first degree and on conviction is subject to imprisonment not exceeding life without the possibility of parole if the defendant was previously convicted of violating this section, or § 3-305 of this subtitle as it existed before October 1, 2017.
(4)(i) Subject to subparagraph (iv) of this paragraph, a person 18 years of age or older who violates subsection (c) of this section is guilty of the felony of rape in the first degree and on conviction is subject to imprisonment for not less than 25 years and not exceeding life without the possibility of parole.
(ii) A court may not suspend any part of the mandatory minimum sentence of 25 years.
(iii) The person is not eligible for parole during the mandatory minimum sentence.
(iv) If the State fails to comply with subsection (e) of this section, the mandatory minimum sentence shall not apply.
Required notice
(e) If the State intends to seek a sentence of imprisonment for life without the possibility of parole under subsection (d)(2), (3), or (4) of this section, or imprisonment for not less than 25 years under subsection (d)(4) of this section, the State shall notify the person in writing of the State's intention at least 30 days before trial.

Credits

Added by Acts 2002, c. 26, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 2002. Amended by Acts 2002, c. 187, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2002; Acts 2003, c. 21, § 1, eff. April 8, 2003; Acts 2005, c. 482, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2005; Acts 2006, c. 44, § 6, eff. April 8, 2006; Acts 2006, 1st Sp. Sess., c. 4, § 1, eff. June 22, 2006; Acts 2007, c. 494, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007; Acts 2007, c. 495, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007; Acts 2008, c. 36, § 6, eff. April 8, 2008; Acts 2008, c. 345, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2008; Acts 2009, c. 60, § 1, eff. April 14, 2009; Acts 2017, c. 161, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2017; Acts 2017, c. 162, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2017.
Formerly Art. 27, § 462.
MD Code, Criminal Law, § 3-303, MD CRIM LAW § 3-303
Current with all legislation from the 2021 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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