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§ 12-117. Recordation tax; property transfers

West's Annotated Code of MarylandTax-PropertyEffective: July 1, 2018

West's Annotated Code of Maryland
Tax-Property
Title 12. Recordation Taxes (Refs & Annos)
Effective: July 1, 2018
MD Code, Tax - Property, § 12-117
§ 12-117. Recordation tax; property transfers
Definitions
(a)(1) In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.
(2) “Controlling interest” means:
(i) more than 80% of the total value of all classes of stock of a corporation;
(ii) more than 80% of the total interest in capital and profits of a partnership, association, limited liability company, or other unincorporated form of doing business; or
(iii) more than 80% of the beneficial interest in a trust.
(3) “Final transfer” means that transfer of any portion of a controlling interest that completes the transfer of a controlling interest in a real property entity.
(4)(i) “Plan of transfer” means an intentional plan or program to transfer the controlling interest in a real property entity.
(ii) “Plan of transfer” does not include a series of sales of shares of a publicly traded entity.
(5)(i) “Real property” means real property located in the State.
(ii) “Real property” does not include:
1. a leasehold, unless created by a lease that is required to be recorded under § 3-101(a) of the Real Property Article; or
2. any mortgage, deed of trust, or other lien on or security interest in real property that secures an indebtedness.
(6)(i) “Real property entity” means a corporation, partnership, association, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, other unincorporated form of doing business, or trust that directly or beneficially owns real property that:
1. constitutes at least 80% of the value of its assets; and
2. A. has an aggregate value of at least $1,000,000; or
B. is the product of an untaxed conversion from a sole proprietorship effected under the exemption provided under § 12-108(y) of this title.
(ii) For the purposes of this paragraph, the value of real property shall be determined without reduction for any mortgage, deed of trust, or other lien on or security interest in the real property.
(iii) “Real property entity” does not include an entity with land holdings that, other than homesites or areas of commercial activity related to agricultural production, are entirely subject to an agricultural use assessment under § 8-209 of this article.
In general
(b)(1) The recordation tax is imposed on the transfer of a controlling interest in a real property entity as if the real property, directly or beneficially owned by the real property entity, was conveyed by an instrument of writing that is recorded with the clerk of the circuit court for a county or filed with the Department under § 12-102 of this title.
(2)(i) The recordation tax is imposed on the consideration payable for the transfer of the controlling interest in the real property entity.
(ii) The consideration to which the recordation tax applies includes the amount of:
1. any mortgage, deed of trust, or other lien on or security interest in the real property directly or beneficially owned by the real property entity; and
2. any other debt or encumbrance of the real property entity.
(iii) The consideration to which the recordation tax applies is reduced by the amount allocable to the assets of the real property entity other than real property.
(iv) The real property entity has the burden of establishing to the satisfaction of the Department the consideration referred to in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph and the amount of any consideration allocable to assets other than real property referred to in subparagraph (iii) of this paragraph.
(v) If the real property entity fails to establish the amount of consideration referred to in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph, the recordation tax is imposed on the value of the real property, directly or beneficially owned by the real property entity, determined by the Department at the date of finality immediately before the date of the final transfer.
(3) Except as otherwise provided in § 12-103(d) of this title, the recordation tax is applied at the rate set under § 12-103(b) of this title by the county where the real property is located.
Exemptions to recordation tax
(c)(1)(i) Except as provided in subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph, the transfer of a controlling interest in a real property entity is not subject to recordation tax if the transfer of the real property owned by the real property entity between the same transferor and transferee of the controlling interest and under the same circumstances would have been exempt under § 12-108 of this title.
(ii) Subparagraph (i) of this paragraph does not apply to transactions under § 12-108(y)(2)(i)3 of this title.
(2) The recordation tax is not imposed on the transfer of a controlling interest in a real property entity effected in more than one transaction if:
(i) the transfer is completed over a period of more than 12 months; or
(ii) the transfer is not made in accordance with a plan of transfer.
(3) The recordation tax is not imposed on the transfer of a controlling interest in a real property entity if the ownership interests in the real property entity are owned, directly or indirectly, by the same persons and in the same proportions after the transfer.
(4) The recordation tax is not imposed on the transfer of a controlling interest in a real property entity if the transferee of the controlling interest in the real property entity is:
(i) a nonstock corporation organized under Title 5, Subtitle 2 of the Corporations and Associations Article; and
(ii) registered with the Department of Aging as a continuing care retirement community under § 10-408 of the Human Services Article.
(5) The real property entity has the burden of establishing to the satisfaction of the Department the applicability of any exemption referred to in paragraphs (1) through (4) of this subsection.
Report of transfer of a controlling interest in the real property
(d)(1) The real property entity shall file with the Department a report of any transfer of a controlling interest in the real property entity that is completed within a period of 12 months or less within 30 days following the date of the final transfer.
(2) The report shall include all information to establish to the satisfaction of the Department:
(i) the consideration referred to in subsection (b)(2)(i) of this section;
(ii) the amount of assets other than real estate referred to in subsection (b)(2)(ii) of this section; and
(iii) any exemption provided for in subsection (c) of this section.
(3) The report shall be accompanied by payment of:
(i) a $20 filing fee; and
(ii) any tax, interest, and penalty that is due.
Interest and penalty
(e)(1) If any tax due under this section remains unpaid for 30 days after the date of the final transfer:
(i) interest on the unpaid amount shall accrue thereafter at the rate of 1% per month; and
(ii) a penalty of 10% of the unpaid amount shall be due.
(2) Any tax, interest, and penalty due under this section is an obligation of the real property entity.
(3) For reasonable cause, the Department may waive the imposition of interest or penalty.
Applicability of section
(f) This section does not apply to:
(1) a pledge of stock or other interest in a real property entity as security for a loan; or
(2) the admission to the real property entity of additional shareholders, partners, beneficial owners, or other members incident to the raising of additional capital through a public or private offering of stock or other interests in the real property entity if:
(i) the effective management of the real property entity is not substantially changed; and
(ii) under the terms of the offering, none of the new members is expected to participate in the day-to-day management of the real property entity.
Regulations
(g)(1) The Department shall adopt regulations to administer this section.
(2) The regulations shall include any additional standards and exemptions to assure that:
(i) a tax is imposed when a transaction is structured involving a controlling interest in a real property entity to avoid payment of the recordation tax;
(ii) exemptions provided by law when real property is transferred by an instrument of writing are applicable; and
(iii) there is no double taxation of a single transaction.

Credits

Added by Acts 2007, 1st Sp. Sess., c. 3, § 7, eff. July 1, 2008. Amended by Acts 2013, c. 43, § 1, eff. April 9, 2013; Acts 2014, c. 45, § 1, eff. April 8, 2014; Acts 2016, c. 223, § 1, eff. July 1, 2016; Acts 2016, c. 224, § 1, eff. July 1, 2016; Acts 2017, c. 63, § 1, eff. July 1, 2017; Acts 2017, c. 64, § 1, eff. July 1, 2017; Acts 2018, c. 594, § 1, eff. July 1, 2018.
MD Code, Tax - Property, § 12-117, MD TAX PROPERTY § 12-117
Current through all legislation from the 2022 Regular Session of the General Assembly. Some statute sections may be more current, see credits for details.
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