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§ 2443.1. Emission Control Labels - Model Year 2001 and Later Spark-Ignition Marine Engines.

13 CA ADC § 2443.1BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS

Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 13. Motor Vehicles
Division 3. Air Resources Board
Chapter 9. Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices
Article 4.7. Spark-Ignition Marine Engines (Refs & Annos)
13 CCR § 2443.1
§ 2443.1. Emission Control Labels - Model Year 2001 and Later Spark-Ignition Marine Engines.
(a) Purpose. The Air Resources Board recognizes that certain emissions-critical or emissions-related parts must be properly identified and maintained to ensure that engines meet the applicable emission standards. The purpose of this section is to require engine manufacturers to affix a label (or labels) on each production engine (or watercraft, as applicable) to provide the engine owner and service mechanic with information necessary for the proper maintenance of these parts in customer use. These specifications also require the engine manufacturer to permanently identify the engine with a unique identification number that will be used for enforcement purposes, including in-use testing.
(b) Applicability. This section applies to:
(1) Model year 2001 and later spark-ignition personal watercraft and outboard marine engines and model year 2003 and later spark-ignition sterndrive/inboard marine engines, which have been certified to the applicable emission standards pursuant to Health and Safety Code section 43013;
(2) Engine manufacturers and original equipment manufacturers, as applicable, that have certified such engines; and
(3) Original equipment manufacturers, regardless of whether they have certified the engine, if their equipment obscures the emission control labels of such certified engines.
(c) Engine Label and Location.
(1) A legible label must be welded, riveted or otherwise permanently attached by the engine manufacturer to an area of the engine (e.g., block or crankcase) in such a way that it will be readily visible to the average person after installation of the engine in the watercraft. If such an attachment is not feasible, the Executive Officer may allow the label to be at- tached on components of the engine or watercraft assembly (as applicable) that satisfy the requirements of Subsection (c)(2)(A) or (c)(2)(B) below, as applicable. Such labels must be attached on all complete engine assemblies that are produced by an engine manufacturer.
(2) (A) Personal Watercraft and Outboard Engines. In selecting an acceptable location, the engine manufacturer must consider the possibility of accidental damage (e.g., possibility of tools or sharp instruments coming in contact with the label). Each engine label must be affixed in such a manner that it cannot be removed without destroying or defacing the label, and must not be affixed to any engine (or watercraft, as applicable) part that is likely to be replaced during the engine's (or watercraft's, as applicable) useful life or that is not integral to the engine's operation. The engine label must not be affixed to any engine (or watercraft, as applicable) component that is easily detached from the engine. If the engine manufacturer claims there is inadequate space to attach the label, the Executive Officer will determine a suitable location.
(B) Sterndrive/Inboard Engines. In selecting an acceptable location, the engine manufacturer must consider visibility and the possibility of accidental damage (e.g., possibility of tools or sharp instruments coming in contact with the label). The engine label must be affixed in such a manner that it cannot be removed without destroying or defacing the label. The engine label must contain the unique identification number that has been assigned to the engine, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. If the engine manufacturer claims there is inadequate space to attach the label, the Executive Officer will determine a suitable location.
(3) The engine label information must be written in the English language and use block letters (i.e., sans serif, uppercase characters) except for units of measurement, which may be sans serif, lower-case characters. The characters must be of a color that contrasts with the background of the label.
(4) The engine label must contain the following information:
(A) The heading “EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION.”
(B) The full corporate name or trademark of the engine manufacturer.
1. An engine manufacturer may request the Executive Officer's approval to delete its name and trademark, and substitute the name and trademark of another engine manufacturer, original equipment manufacturer or third-party distributor.
2. Approval under paragraph (4)(B)1. above does not relieve the engine manufacturer granted an engine family Executive Order of any requirements imposed by these provisions on the applicable engines.
(C) The statement, “THIS (WATERCRAFT'S ENGINE or ENGINE, as applicable) IS CERTIFIED TO OPERATE ON (specify operating fuel(s)).”
(D) Identification of the Exhaust and/or Evaporative Emission Control System(s) (Abbreviations may be used and must conform to the nomenclature and abbreviations provided in the latest revision of the Society of Automotive Engineer's (SAE) procedure J1930, “Electrical/Electronic Systems Diagnostic Terms, Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms”, and as specified in section 1977, Title 13, California Code of Regulations.
(E) Any specific fuel or engine lubricant requirements (e.g., fuel-oil ratio(s), lead content, research octane number, engine lubricant type).
(F) Date of manufacture (day (optional), month and year).
(G) An unconditional statement of compliance with the appropriate model year California regulations. For example, “THIS ENGINE CONFORMS TO (model year) CALIFORNIA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR SPARK-IGNITION MARINE ENGINES.” For an engine family certified in California with an FEL different from the FEL assigned federally for the engine family, the following statement shall be appended to the unconditional statement of compliance: “. . . AND IS CERTIFIED TO (specify FEL) g/kW-hr HC+NOx ENGINE FAMILY EXHAUST EMISSION STANDARD IN CALIFORNIA.”
(H) The engine and evaporative family identification(s) (i.e., engine and, where applicable, evaporative family name(s)). The engine and evaporative family identification(s) shall be in accordance with the current format(s) used by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(I) Engine displacement (in cubic centimeters, cubic inches, or liters) of the individual engine upon which the engine label is affixed.
(J) The maintenance specifications and adjustments recommended by the engine manufacturer, including, as applicable: valve lash, ignition timing, idle air/fuel setting procedure and value (e.g., idle speed drop), high idle speed and spark plug gap. These specifications must indicate the proper transmission position, if applicable, during tune-up and what accessories, if any, should be in operation, and what systems, if any (e.g., vacuum advance, battery, air pump), should be disconnected during the tune-up. If the engine manufacturer does not recommend adjustment of the foregoing specifications, the engine manufacturer may substitute in lieu of the specifications, the single statement, “NO OTHER ADJUSTMENTS NEEDED.” For all engines, the instructions for tune-up adjustments must be sufficiently clear on the engine label to preclude the need for a mechanic or equipment owner to refer to another document in order to correctly perform the adjustments.
(5) If there is insufficient space on the engine to accommodate an engine label that contains all of the information required in Subsection (4) above, the Executive Officer may allow the engine manufacturer to modify the engine label in one or more of the following ways:
(A) Exclude the information required in Subsections (4)(C), (D) and (E) from the engine label. This information must be specified elsewhere on the engine, or in the owner's manual.
(B) Substitute the information required in Subsection (4)(J) with the statement, “REFER TO THE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS.” When such a statement is used, the information required by Subsection (4)(J) must be specified in the owner's manual.
(C) Exclude the information required by Subsection (4)(F) on the engine label if the date the engine was manufactured is stamped or labeled permanently on the engine (e.g., within the serial number), and this date is readily visible.
(d) For Sterndrive/Inboard Engines used solely for Competition.
Engines manufactured solely for use in sanctioned competition are not required to comply with the emission standards and other requirements. Manufacturers may incorporate the engine label to identify the engines as produced for competition according to the provisions in this subsection.
(1) A legible label must be welded, riveted or otherwise permanently attached by the engine manufacturer to an area of the engine in such a way that it will be readily visible to the average person after installation of the engine in the watercraft. If such an attachment is not feasible, the Executive Officer may allow the label to be attached on components of the engine that satisfy the requirements of Subsection (d)(2). Such labels must be attached on all complete engine assemblies that are produced by an engine manufacturer.
(2) In selecting an acceptable location, the engine manufacturer must consider visibility and the possibility of accidental damage (e.g., possibility of tools or sharp instruments coming in contact with the label). The engine label must be affixed in such a manner that it cannot be removed without destroying or defacing the label. The engine label must contain the unique identification number that has been assigned to the engine, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. If the engine manufacturer claims there is inadequate space to attach the label, the Executive Officer will determine a suitable location.
(3) The engine label information must be written in the English language and use block letters (i.e., sans serif, uppercase characters) except for units of measurement, which may be sans serif, lower-case characters. The characters must be of a color that contrasts with the background of the label.
(4) The engine label must contain the following information:
(A) The heading “EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION.”
(B) The full corporate name or trademark of the engine manufacturer.
1. An engine manufacturer may request the Executive Officer's approval to delete its name and trademark, and substitute the name and trademark of another engine manufacturer, original equipment manufacturer or third-party distributor.
2. Approval under paragraph (4)(B)1. above does not relieve the engine manufacturer granted an engine family Executive Order of any requirements imposed by these provisions on the applicable engines.
(C) Date of manufacture (day (optional), month and year).
(D) An unconditional statement of noncompliance with the appropriate model year California regulations. For example, “THIS ENGINE DOES NOT CONFORM TO (model year) CALIFORNIA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR SPARK-IGNITION MARINE ENGINES AND MAY NOT BE INSTALLED ON A BOAT FOR ANY PURPOSE OTHER THAN COMPETITION.”
(E) Engine displacement (in cubic centimeters, cubic inches, or liters) of the individual engine upon which the engine label is affixed.
(e) An engine label may state that such engine conforms to any other applicable state or federal emission standards for new spark-ignition marine engines, or any other information that the engine manufacturer deems necessary for, or useful to, the proper operation and satisfactory performance of the engine.
(f) Engine identification number. Each engine must have a legible, unique engine identification number permanently affixed to or engraved on the engine.
(g) Supplemental Engine Label Content and Location for Personal Watercraft and Outboard Engines only.
(1) When a final engine, equipment, or watercraft assembly that is marketed to any ultimate purchaser is manufactured and the engine label affixed by the engine manufacturer is not readily visible, the manufacturer of the final engine, equipment or watercraft assembly (i.e., original equipment manufacturer) must affix a supplemental engine label upon the engine, equipment or watercraft. The supplemental label must be made of plastic or metal, and must be welded, riveted or otherwise affixed permanently to an area of the engine, equipment or watercraft so as to be readily visible.
(2) The original equipment manufacturer required to affix a supplemental label must consider the possibility of accidental damage to the supplemental engine label in the determination of the label location. Such a label must not be attached to any engine, equipment or watercraft component that is likely to be replaced during the useful life of the engine, equipment or watercraft (as applicable), and/or is not integral to the engine's operation. Such a label must not be attached to any engine or equipment component that is easily detached from the engine, equipment or watercraft (as applicable).
(3) The supplemental engine label must conform to the engine label requirements in Subsections (c)(3) and (4), except that the date of manufacture specified in Subsection (c)(4)(F) may be deleted from the supplemental engine label. When the date of engine manufacture does not appear on the supplemental engine label, the responsible original equipment manufacturer must display (e.g., label, stamp, etc.) the date elsewhere on the engine, equipment or watercraft so as to be readily visible. The original equipment manufacturer must also display the engine identification number elsewhere on the engine that is readily visible if the original number is obscured by the equipment manufacturer's equipment.
(h) As used in this section, readily visible means that a label is readable by an average person from a distance of 46 centimeters (18 inches) without any obstructions from equipment, watercraft or engine parts (including all engine manufacturer or original equipment manufacturer (as applicable) available optional equipment) except for flexible parts (e.g., vacuum hoses, ignition wires) that can be moved out of the way without disconnection. Alternatively, the label and engine identification information required by these specifications must be no smaller than two (2) millimeters in height (with the exception of units of measurement) provided that no equipment or engine parts (including all engine manufacturer available optional equipment), except for flexible parts, obstruct the label(s).
(i) The label(s), engine identification number(s) and any adhesives used must be designed to withstand, for the engine's or watercraft's useful life, typical environmental conditions in the area where the label(s) required by this section are affixed. Typical equipment environmental conditions include, but are not limited to, exposure to extreme heat or cold, engine fuels, lubricants and coolants (e.g., gasoline, motor oil, saltwater, ethylene glycol). The engine manufacturer must submit, with its certification application, a statement attesting that its labels and engine identification numbers comply with these requirements.
(j) The engine manufacturer must obtain approval from the Executive Officer for all label and engine identification number formats and locations in conjunction with the engine family certification. Approval of specific maintenance settings on labels is not required; however, the format for all such setting and tolerances, if any, is subject to review. If the Executive Officer finds that the information on the label or engine identification number is vague or subject to misinterpretation, or that the location does not comply with these specifications, the Executive Officer may require that the label(s), engine identification number(s) or location(s) be modified accordingly.
(k) Samples of all actual production labels used within an engine family must be submitted to the Executive Officer within thirty days after the start of production. Engine manufacturers must provide samples of their own applicable production labels, and samples of applicable production original equipment manufacturer labels that are accessible to the engine manufacturers due to the direct market arrangement between such manufacturers.
(l) The Executive Officer may approve alternate label and engine identification number locations. The Executive Officer may also, upon request, waive or modify the label content requirements provided that the intent of this section is met.
(m)(1) If the Executive Officer finds any engine manufacturer using labels and engine identification numbers that are different from those approved or do not substantially comply with the readability or durability requirements set forth in these specifications, the engine manufacturer will be subject to revocation or suspension of Executive Orders for the applicable engine families and subject to being enjoined from any further sales or distribution of such noncompliant engine families in the State of California pursuant to section 43017 of the Health and Safety Code. Additional penalties may be assessed to the extent permissible under Part 5, Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code. Before seeking remedial action against the engine manufacturer, the Executive Officer will consider any information provided by the engine manufacturer.
(2) If the Executive Officer finds any original equipment manufacturer using labels for which it has responsibility for attaching that are different from those approved or that do not substantially comply with the readability or durability requirements set forth in these specifications, the equipment manufacturer will be subject to being enjoined from any further sales or distribution, of applicable equipment product line that uses noncompliant labels in the State of California pursuant to section 43017 of the Health and Safety Code. Additional penalties may be assessed to the extent permissible under Part 5, Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code. Before seeking remedial action against the equipment manufacturer, the Executive Officer will consider any information provided by the equipment manufacturer.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 39600, 39601, 43013, 43018, 43101, 43102 and 43104, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 43013, 43017, 43018, 43101, 43102, 43104, 43105, 43150-43154, 43205.5 and 43210-43212, Health and Safety Code.
HISTORY
1. New section filed 12-8-99; operative 1-7-2000 (Register 99, No. 50).
2. Amendment filed 7-22-2002; operative 8-21-2002 (Register 2002, No. 30).
3. Amendment of subsections (b)(1) and (c)(2)(B), redesignation of former subsections (c)(4)(B)(i)-(ii) as new subsections (c)(4)(B)1.-2., amendment of newly designated subsection (c)(4)(B)2. and subsections (c)(2)(D), (c)(2)(G)-(H) and (d), redesignation of former subsections (d)(4)(B)(i)-(ii) as new subsections (d)(4)(B)1.-2. and amendment of newly designated subsection (d)(4)(B)2. filed 7-17-2009; operative 8-16-2009 (Register 2009, No. 29).
This database is current through 7/29/22 Register 2022, No. 30
13 CCR § 2443.1, 13 CA ADC § 2443.1
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