§ 2434. Emission Control Labels - 2001 and Later Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition Engines.
13 CA ADC § 2434BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS
Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 13. Motor Vehicles
Division 3. Air Resources Board
Chapter 9. Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices
Article 4.5. Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition Engines (Refs & Annos)
13 CCR § 2434
§ 2434. Emission Control Labels - 2001 and Later Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition Engines.
The Air Resources Board recognizes that certain emissions-critical or emissions-related parts must be properly identified and maintained in order for engines to meet the applicable emission standards. The purpose of these specifications is to require engine manufacturers to affix a label (or labels) on each production engine (or equipment) to provide the engine or equipment owner and service mechanic with information necessary for the proper maintenance of these parts in customer use.
(b) Applicability.This section applies to:
(1) 2001 and later model year off-road LSI engines with engine displacement greater than 1.0 liter, that have been certified to the applicable emission standards pursuant to Section 2433(b).
(2) Engine manufacturers and original equipment manufacturers, as applicable, that have certified such engines.
(3) Original equipment manufacturers, regardless of whether they have certified the engine, if their equipment obscures the emission control labels of such certified engines.
(4) 2002 and later model year off-road LSI engines with engine displacement less than or equal to 1.0 liter must comply with the applicable labeling specifications set forth in the California Code of Regulations, Title 13, Section 2404.
(c) Label Content and Location.
(1) A tune-up label made of a permanent material must be welded, riveted or otherwise permanently attached to the engine block or other major component in such a way that it will be readily visible after installation of the engine in the equipment. If the equipment obscures the label on the engine, the equipment manufacturer must attach a supplemental label such that it is readily visible.
(2) In selecting an acceptable location, the manufacturer must consider the possibility of accidental damage (e.g., possibility of tools or sharp instruments coming in contact with the label). Each label must be affixed in such a manner that it cannot be removed without destroying or defacing the label, and must not be affixed to any part which is likely to be replaced during the equipment's useful life. The label(s) must not be affixed to any component which is easily detached from the engine.
(3) In addition, an engine serial number and date of engine manufacture (month and year) must be stamped on the engine block or stamped on a metal label riveted or permanently attached to the engine block. Engine manufacturers must keep records such that the engine serial number can easily be used to determine if an engine was certified for the applicable model year. Alternative engine serial number identification methods or tracking number may be allowed with prior approval from the Executive Officer.
(4) The label must be in the English language and use block letters and numerals which must be of a color that contrasts with the background of the label.
(5) The label must contain the following information:
(A) The label heading must read:
“Important Engine Information.”
(B) Full corporate name and trademark of the manufacturer.
(C) “THIS ENGINE IS CERTIFIED TO OPERATE ON (specify operating fuel(s)).”
(D) Identification of the Exhaust Emission Control System. Abbreviations may be used and must conform to the nomenclature and abbreviations found in the Society of Automotive Engineers document J1930 which is incorporated by reference in Section 1977, Title 13, CCR, entitled “Electrical/Electronic Systems Diagnostic Terms, Definitions, Abbreviations, and Acronyms”.
(E) The maintenance specifications and adjustments recommended by the engine manufacturer, including, as applicable: spark plug gap width, valve lash, ignition timing, idle air/fuel mixture setting procedure and value (e.g., idle CO, idle speed drop), and high idle speed. These specifications must indicate the proper transmission position, (if applicable), during tune-up and what accessories, if any, should be in operation, and what systems, if any (e.g., vacuum advance, air pump), should be disconnected during the tune-up. If the manufacturer does not recommend adjustment of the foregoing specifications, the manufacturer must include in lieu of the “specifications” the single statement “No other adjustments needed.” For all engines, the instructions for tune-up adjustments must be sufficiently clear on the label to preclude the need for a mechanic or equipment owner to refer to another document in order to correctly perform the adjustments.
(F) Any specific fuel or engine lubricant requirement (e.g., research octane number, engine lubricant type).
(G) An unconditional statement of compliance with the appropriate model year (for 2001-2003) or (2004 and subsequent) California regulations; for example, “This engine conforms to 2002 California regulations for off-road large spark-ignition engines and is certified to 3.0 g/bhp-hr HC+NOx and 37 g/bhp-hr CO.” or “This engine conforms to 2007 California regulations for off-road large spark-ignition engines and is certified to 0.8 g/kW-hr [0.6 g/bhp-hr] HC+NOx and 20.6 g/kW-hr [15.4 g/bhp-hr] CO.”
(H) Total engine displacement (in cubic inches and/or liters) of the engine upon which the engine label is attached.
(I) The engine family identification (i.e., engine family name and manufacturer's own engine group/code).
(6)(A) The manufacturer of any engine certified with a clean fuel (i.e. natural gas ) must at the time of engine manufacture, affix a permanent legible label specifying the appropriate operating fuel(s).
(B) The label must be located immediately adjacent to each fuel tank filler inlet and outside of any filler inlet compartment. It must be located so that it is readily visible to any person introducing fuel to such filler inlet; provided, however, that the Executive Officer must upon application from an engine manufacturer, approve other label locations that achieve the purpose of this paragraph. If the engine is manufactured separately from the equipment, the label must be affixed to the engine and located so that it is readily visible. Such labels must be in English and in block letters which must be of a color that contrasts with their background.
(d) An engine label may state that the engine or equipment conforms to any applicable federal emission standards for new engines, or any other information that such manufacturer deems necessary for, or useful to, the proper operation and satisfactory maintenance of the equipment or engine.
(e) Supplemental Engine Label Content and Location.
(1) When a final equipment assembly that is marketed to any ultimate purchaser is manufactured and the engine label attached by the engine manufacturer is obscured (i.e., not readily visible), the manufacturer of the final equipment assembly (i.e., original equipment manufacturer) must attach a supplemental engine label upon the engine or equipment. The supplemental engine label must be plastic or metal, and must be welded, riveted or otherwise attached permanently to an area of the engine or equipment assembly so as to be readily visible to the average person.
(2) The manufacturer required to attach a supplemental engine label must consider the possibility of accidental damage to the supplemental engine label in the determination of the label location. Such a label must not be attached to any engine or equipment component that is likely to be replaced during the useful life of the engine or equipment (as applicable). Such a label must not be attached to any engine or equipment component that is detached easily from the engine or equipment (as applicable).
(3) The supplemental engine label information must be written in the English language and use block letters and numerals (i.e., sans serif, upper-case characters) that must be of a color that contrasts with the background of the label.
(4) A supplemental engine label must contain the information as specified in Subsection (c)(4), except that the date of engine manufacture specified in (c)(3) may be deleted from the supplemental engine label. When the date of engine manufacture does not appear on the supplemental engine label, the responsible original equipment manufacturer must display (e.g., label, stamp, etc.) the date elsewhere on the engine or equipment so as to be readily visible.
(f) As used in these specifications, readily visible to the average person means that the label must be readable from a distance of eighteen inches (46 centimeters) without any obstructions from equipment or engine parts (including all manufacturer available optional equipment) except for flexible parts (e.g., vacuum hoses, ignition wires) that can be moved out of the way without disconnection. Alternatively, information required by these specifications to be printed on the label must be no smaller than 8 point type size (2 millimeter in height) provided that no equipment or engine parts (including all manufacturer available optional equipment), except for flexible parts, obstruct the label.
(g) The labels and any adhesives used must be designed to withstand, for the engine's or equipment's total expected life, typical equipment environmental conditions in the area where the label is attached. Typical equipment environmental conditions must include, but are not limited to, exposure to engine fuels, lubricants and coolants (e.g., gasoline, motor oil, water, ethylene glycol). The manufacturer must submit, with its certification application, a statement attesting that its labels comply with these requirements.
(h) The manufacturer must obtain approval from the Executive6B Officer for all label formats and locations prior to use. Approval of the specific maintenance settings is not required; however, the format for all such settings and tolerances, if any, is subject to review. If the Executive Officer finds that the information on the label is vague or subject to misinterpretation, or that the location does not comply with these specifications, he or she may require that the label or its location be modified accordingly.
(i) Samples of all actual production labels used within an engine family must be submitted to the Executive Officer within thirty days after the start of production. Engine manufacturers must provide samples of their own applicable production labels, and samples of applicable production original equipment manufacturer labels that are accessible to the engine manufacturer due to the direct market arrangement between such manufacturers.
(j) The Executive Officer may approve alternate label locations or may, upon request, waive or modify the label content requirements provided that the intent of these specifications is met.
(k) The manufacturer of any engine must furnish to the Executive Officer, at the beginning of the model year, any engine identification number coding system which identifies whether such engine(s) are covered by an Executive Order.
(l)(1) If the Executive Officer finds any engine manufacturer using labels that are different from those approved or that do not substantially comply with the readability or durability requirements set forth in these specifications, the engine manufacturer will be subject to revocation or suspension of Executive Orders for the applicable engine families, or enjoined from any further sales, or distribution, of such noncompliant engine families, or subgroups within the engine families, in the State of California pursuant to Section 43017 of the Health and Safety Code. Before seeking to enjoin an engine manufacturer, the Executive Officer will consider any information provided by the engine manufacturer. In addition, the engine manufacturer may be subject to, on a per engine basis, any and all remedies available under Part 5, Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code, sections 43000 et seq.
(2) If the Executive Officer finds any original equipment manufacturer using labels for which it has responsibility for attaching that are different from those approved or that do not substantially comply with the readability or durability requirements set forth in these specifications, the equipment manufacturer will be subject to being enjoined from any further sales, or distribution, of the applicable equipment product line that uses such noncompliant labels in the State of California pursuant to Section 43017 of the Health and Safety Code. Before seeking to enjoin an equipment manufacturer, the Executive Officer will consider any information provided by the equipment manufacturer. In addition, the equipment manufacturer may be subject to, on a per engine basis, any and all remedies available under Part 5, Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code, sections 43000 et seq.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 39600, 39601, 43013, 43017, 43018, 43101, 43102, and 43104, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 43013, 43017, 43018, 43101, 43102, 43104, 43105, 43150, 43151, 43152, 43153, 43154, 43205.5, 43210, 43210.5, 43211 and 43212, Health and Safety Code.
1. New section filed 10-19-99; operative 11-18-99 (Register 99, No. 43).
2. Amendment of subsection (c)(5)(G) and Note filed 4-12-2007; operative 5-12-2007 (Register 2007, No. 15).
This database is current through 7/22/22 Register 2022, No. 29
13 CCR § 2434, 13 CA ADC § 2434
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