§ 679. Possession of Wildlife and Wildlife Rehabilitation.
14 CA ADC § 679BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS
Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 14. Natural Resources
Division 1. Fish and Game Commission-Department of Fish and Game
Subdivision 3. General Regulations
Chapter 3. Miscellaneous (Refs & Annos)
14 CCR § 679
§ 679. Possession of Wildlife and Wildlife Rehabilitation.
(a) General Prohibition on Possession of Wildlife. Except as provided in subsection (b) below or as otherwise authorized, it is unlawful for any person to possess any live game mammal or bird, nongame mammal or bird, furbearer, reptile or amphibian.
(b) Temporary Confinement of Wildlife. Except for big game mammals listed in Section 350, Title 14, CCR, injured, diseased or orphaned animals may be temporarily confined by persons if they notify the nearest regional office of the department within forty-eight (48) hours of finding or confining such wildlife. Notification shall include name and address; the species of wildlife and a description of its injury, disease or condition; the date and location the wildlife was found; and the location where the wildlife is confined. Confined animals must be disposed of pursuant to department direction, which may include placement in a department-approved wildlife rehabilitation facility. (Department offices: Northern Region (Redding), North Central Region (Rancho Cordova), Bay Delta Region (Yountville), Central Region (Fresno), South Coast Region (San Diego), Inland Deserts Region (Ontario), and Marine Region (Monterey).)
(c) Prohibition on Possession of Big Game Mammals or Fully Protected, Threatened or Endangered Species Except Under Department Permit. No person or wildlife rehabilitation facility may possess any big game mammal listed in Section 350, Title 14, CCR, or any fully protected, endangered or threatened bird, mammal, fish, reptile or amphibian without specific written authorization from the department.
(d) Prohibition on Picking up Disabled Wildlife in a Department Designated Oil/Toxic Spill Area. No person may enter a department designated oil/toxic spill area for the purpose of picking up disabled wildlife or transport or possess wildlife disabled by an oil spill or other spilled toxic substance unless that person has completed the training required by subsections 817.02(i) and (j), Title 14, CCR, and has authorization from the department. Designated oil/spill areas shall be clearly posted by the department.
(e) Wildlife Rehabilitation Facilities.
(1) Wildlife Rehabilitation Facility Defined. For the purposes of these regulations, a wildlife rehabilitation facility is defined as a site where activities are undertaken to restore to a condition of good health, for the purpose of release to the wild, animals occurring naturally and not normally domesticated in this state.
(2) Approval of Wildlife Rehabilitation Facility.
(A) The department may approve and issue a permit in the form of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to only those wildlife rehabilitation facilities which meet the wildlife care standards set forth in the Minimum Standards for Wildlife Rehabilitation, 2000, Third Edition manual published jointly by the International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council and the National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association; or as provided in the MOU. The above wildlife care standards are hereby adopted and made a part of this Title 14. All wildlife rehabilitation facilities, regardless of when established, shall comply with the wildlife care standards.
(B) A person seeking a MOU with the department for operating a new wildlife rehabilitation facility shall submit to the department two letters from permitted facilities in the nearby vicinity (the permitted facilities will be identified by the department), stating that they believe there is a need for a new facility. Within 30 days of receiving the letters, the department will provide a written determination stating whether such a facility is needed. If the department determines that there is not a need for a new facility the applicant may request a hearing before the commission to show cause why their permit request should not be denied. If the department determines that a new wildlife rehabilitation facility is needed, that person shall submit, along with this written determination, an application packet to the department that contains all of the following:
1. A complete application form “Wildlife Rehabilitation Permit Application/Renewal form,” FG 542 (Rev 03/07) which is hereby incorporated by reference;
2. Documentation of the applicant's experience working (paid or unpaid) at a permitted wildlife rehabilitation facility. The applicant must document four hundred hours within a two year period of experience working with a permitted wildlife rehabilitation facility in California, or experience that the department determines is equivalent, to be eligible for a permit.
3. A letter from a veterinarian who agrees to sponsor the applicant by overseeing diagnoses, medication and surgical procedures by the proposed facility.
4. Pictures or diagrams of the proposed facility's caging or proposed caging sufficient to demonstrate that the caging will be appropriate for the types of animals the facility is planning to rehabilitate and will comply with the standards identified in subsection (e)(2)(A).
5. A statement of general intent that includes a list of the species and number of animals that the applicant proposes to rehabilitate and hold at the proposed facility; and plans describing the proposed facility's record-keeping system, animal intake process, euthanasia protocol, plan for carcass disposal, protocol for handling public phone calls, volunteer training protocol, animal diets, and disinfectant and disease control protocols. Plans provided as part of this statement must be consistent with the requirements of subsection (f) and the standards identified in subsection (e)(2)(A).
6. Payment of a non-refundable application processing fee of $41.00 and an inspection fee of $114.54 to be determined by the department pursuant to Fish and Game Code Section 2150.2 and adjusted annually pursuant to Fish and Game Code Section 713.
(C) The department shall determine whether the application is complete and request any additional information it believes is necessary to evaluate the proposal. The department may enter into a MOU with the California Council for Wildlife Rehabilitators (CCWR) for the purpose of obtaining CCWR's assistance with processing and evaluating applications. Such assistance may include but is not limited to helping review and evaluate applications, inspecting proposed facilities, and preparing recommendations to the department. Any MOU between the department and CCWR may also provide for payment by the department from revenue generated by the application and inspection fees collected under subsection (e)(2) to reimburse CCWR's expenses in providing assistance to the department. Within sixty days of receiving the application, the department shall make a determination that the applicant and the proposed facilities meet the requirements in subsection (e)(2). If the department determines that the application is incomplete or that the applicant or the proposed facilities do not meet the requirements in subsection (e)(2), the department shall deny the permit and will return the inspection fee.
(D) If the department determines that the application is complete and that the applicant and the proposed facilities meet the requirements in subsection (e)(2), the proposed facility shall be inspected by the department, CCWR or another designee. Failure to cooperate with inspectors provided by the department, CCWR or another designee may result in application denial.
(E) After inspection of the proposed facility, the department shall approve a MOU to permit a new wildlife rehabilitation facility only if the applicant and facility meets all applicable standards specified above. The department may deny a permit if the applicant has failed to allow an inspection of the proposed facility by the department or its designee or it is found that the facility does not meet the minimum standards. An applicant has one year to build the proposed facility from the time the MOU is signed by both parties. If the applicant has not built the proposed facility within one year of when the MOU was signed the permit will be revoked. Any person denied a permit under these regulations may request a hearing before the commission to show cause why their permit request should not be denied. MOU will be valid for three years. At the end of three years if a permittee wishes to renew a wildlife rehabilitation permit, a permit renewal form FG 542 (Rev 03/07) will be submitted along with a processing fee of $41.00 pursuant to Fish and Game Code Section 2150.2 and adjusted annually pursuant to Fish and Game Code 713.
(f) Provisions Related to the Operation of a Wildlife Rehabilitation Facility.
(1) Responsibility for Costs Incurred. The operator of a wildlife rehabilitation facility shall be responsible for any and all costs incurred in connection with the treatment, confinement or transportation of wildlife.
(2) Liability. The operator of a wildlife rehabilitation facility shall indemnify, defend and save harmless the State, its officers, agents, and employees from any and all claims and losses occurring or resulting to any person or property in connection with the treatment, confinement or transportation of wildlife.
(3) Restrictions Related to Holding Wildlife. Wildlife temporarily held for rehabilitation must be maintained separate from domestic animals and shall not be displayed to the public. Such wildlife shall have minimal direct human contact. Every effort shall be made to prevent imprinting.
(4) Department Approval Requirement for Release of Wildlife Back into the Wild. Rehabilitated wildlife may be released back into the wild only as directed by the department. The department may provide bands and tags for rehabilitated wildlife when deemed necessary by the department. If any animal cannot be released, it shall be transferred to a zoological garden, museum, college, university or other educational/research institution or wildlife exhibitor. If it cannot be released or transferred, it shall be humanely euthanized. These regulations do not authorize any person, facility or organization to accept, possess or relocate nuisance wildlife. Any healthy wildlife trapped in towns or cities or removed from under buildings or otherwise taken or trapped in accordance with Section 4152 or 4180, Fish and Game Code shall be immediately released in the area where trapped or disposed of as directed or authorized by the department. Any such wildlife that has been determined by a veterinarian to be so seriously ill that it cannot be treated shall be euthanized and tested as directed by the appropriate county public health agency or the department.
(5) Notification Requirement for Dead or Diseased Animals. The operator of a wildlife rehabilitation facility shall notify the nearest department region office within twenty-four (24) hours if any animal dies of a disease specified in the facility's permit or is suspected to have died from one of those diseases and shall make the dead animal available for delivery to the department or other facility as directed by the department.
(6) Written Record Requirement. The operator of a wildlife rehabilitation facility shall maintain a written record for each animal being cared for. This record shall include the name and address of the person finding the animal, the location where the animal was found (when available), a description of its condition and treatment, the dates it was received and transferred from the facility and the location of its final disposition.
(7) Availability of Records. The operator of a wildlife rehabilitation facility shall make all records, wildlife being rehabilitated and any materials used for the confinement, treatment, or care of wildlife, available for inspection by department employees or employees of the Department of Food and Agriculture or Department of Health Services or any other person authorized to enforce these regulations.
(8) All wildlife rehabilitation facility personnel, professional and volunteer, shall satisfactorily complete one department-approved wildlife rehabilitation training session each year. Training may include sessions of wildlife identification, wildlife capture and restraint, wildlife laws and regulations, veterinary medical and other subjects approved by the department. The training shall be a minimum of two hours.
(g) Compliance With Other Restrictions. These regulations, or any permit issued pursuant thereto, do not authorize possession of any wild animal in violation of any other Federal, state, city, or county law, ordinance or regulation, including but not limited to any California Department of Health Services Rabies Control regulations.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 200, 1050, 2000, 2127, 2150.2, 3005.5, 3800 and 4150, Fish and Game Code. Reference: Sections 200, 713, 1008, 2000, 2001, 2150.4, 2192, 3005.5, 3511, 3800, 4150, 4190 and 4800, Fish and Game Code; and Section 8670.61.5, Government Code.
1. New section filed 8-8-94; operative 9-7-94 (Register 94, No. 32).
2. Editorial correction of subsections (a) and (f)(1) (Register 2007, No. 12).
3. Amendment of section and Note filed 4-2-2007; operative 4-2-2007 pursuant to Government Code section 11343.4 (Register 2007, No. 14).
This database is current through 9/10/21 Register 2021, No. 37.
14 CCR § 679, 14 CA ADC § 679
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