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§ 5001. Definitions.


Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 21. Public Works
Division 2.5. Division of Aeronautics (Department of Transportation)
Chapter 6. Noise Standards
Article 1. General
21 CCR § 5001
§ 5001. Definitions.
The definitions in the following subsections apply to this subchapter.
(a) Air Carrier: Air carrier is any aircraft operating pursuant to a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity, including any certificate issued pursuant to 49 U.S.C. Section 1371 and any permit issued pursuant to 49 U.S.C. Section 1371.
(b) Aircraft Operator: Aircraft operator means the legal or beneficial owner of the aircraft with authority to control the aircraft utilization except where the aircraft is leased, the lessee is the operator.
(c) Airport Proprietor: Airport proprietor means the holder of an airport permit issued by the department pursuant to Article 3, Chapter 4, Part 1, Division 9, Public Utilities Code.
(d) Annual CNEL: The annual CNEL, in decibels, is the average (on an energy basis) of the daily CNEL over a 12-month period. The annual CNEL is calculated in accordance with the following:
Annual CNEL = 10 log 10 [(1/365) S Antilog (CNEL(i)/10)]
where CNEL(i) = the daily CNEL for each day in a continuous 12-month period, and S means summation.
When the annual CNEL is approximated by measurements on a statistical basis, as specified in Section 5034, the number 365 is replaced by the number of days for which measurements are obtained.
(e) County: County, as used herein, shall mean the county board of supervisors or its designee authorized to exercise the powers and duties herein specified.
(f) Daily Community Noise Equivalent Level (CNEL): Community noise equivalent level, in decibels, represents the average daytime noise level during a 24-hour day, adjusted to an equivalent level to account for the lower tolerance of people to noise during evening and night time periods relative to the daytime period. Community noise equivalent level is calculated from the hourly noise levels by the following:
CNEL = 10 log (1/24) [ SIGMA antilog (HNLD/10) + 3 SIGMA antilog
(HNLE/10) + 10 SIGMA antilog (HNLN/10)]
HNLD are the hourly noise levels for the period 0700-1900 hours;
HNLE are the hourly noise levels for the period 1900-2200 hours;
HNLN are the hourly noise levels for the period 2200-0700 hours; and SIGMA means summation.
(g) Department: Department means the Department of Transportation of the State of California.
(h) General Aviation: General aviation aircraft are all aircraft other than air carrier aircraft and military aircraft.
(i) Hourly Noise Level (HNL): The hourly noise level, in decibels, is the average (on an energy basis) noise level during a particular hour. Hourly noise level is determined by subtracting 35.6 decibels (equal to 10 log 10 3600) from the noise exposure level measured during the particular hour, integrating for those periods during which the noise level exceeds a threshold noise level.
For implementation in this subchapter of these regulations, the threshold noise level shall be a noise level which is 10 decibels below the numerical value of the appropriate Community Noise Equivalent Level (CNEL) standard specified in Section 5012. At some microphone locations, sources of noise other than aircraft may contribute to the CNEL. Where the airport proprietor can demonstrate that the accuracy of the CNEL measurement will remain within the required tolerance specified in Section 5070, the department may grant a waiver to increase the threshold noise level.
(j) Noise Exposure Level (NEL): The noise exposure level is the level of noise accumulated during a given event, with reference to a duration of one second. More specifically, noise exposure level, in decibels, is the level of the time-integrated A-weighted squared sound pressure for a stated time interval or event, based on the reference pressure of 20 micronewtons per square meter and reference duration of one second.
(k) Noise Impact Area: Noise impact area is the area within the noise impact boundary that is composed of incompatible land use.
(l) Noise Impact Boundary: Noise impact boundary is the locus of points around an airport for which the annual CNEL is equal to the airport noise standard established in Section 5012. The concepts of noise impact boundary and noise impact area are illustrated in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Conceptual Sketch of Noise Impact Boundary and Noise Impact Area
(m) Noise Level (NL): Noise level is the measure in decibels of an A-weighted sound pressure level as measured using the slow dynamic characteristic for sound level meters specified in American National Standard Specification for Sound Level Meters, (ANSI S1.4-1983 as revised by ANSI S1.4A-1985) which is hereby incorporated by reference. The A-weighting characteristic modifies the frequency response of the measuring instrument to account approximately for the frequency characteristics of the human ear. The reference pressure is 20 micronewtons/square meter (2 x 10 -4 microbar).
(n) Noise Problem Airport: “Noise problem airport” is an airport that the county in which the airport is located has declared to have a noise problem under section 5020.
(o) Single Event Noise Exposure Level (SENEL): The single event noise exposure level, in decibels, is the noise exposure level of a single event, such as an aircraft flyby, measured over the time interval between the initial and final times for which the noise level of a single event exceeds a predetermined threshold noise level.
(p) Sound Pressure Level (SPL): The sound pressure level, in decibels (dB), of a sound is 20 times the logarithm to the base 10 of the ratio of the pressure of that sound to the reference pressure 20 micronewtons/square meter (2 x 10 -4 microbar).
Note: Authority cited: Section 21669, Public Utilities Code. Reference: Sections 21669-21669.4, Public Utilities Code.
1. Renumbering and amendment of former Section 5001 to Section 5002, and renumbering and amendment of former Section 5006 to Section 5001 filed 2-20-90; operative 3-22-90 (Register 90, No. 10). For prior history, see Register 79, No. 21.
This database is current through 5/13/22 Register 2022, No. 19
21 CCR § 5001, 21 CA ADC § 5001
End of Document