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§ 12177. The Interactive Process.

2 CA ADC § 12177BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS

Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 2. Administration
Division 4.1. Department of Fair Employment and Housing
Chapter 5. Fair Employment and Housing Council
Subchapter 7. Discrimination in Housing
Article 18. Disability
2 CCR § 12177
§ 12177. The Interactive Process.
(a) Whenever a person who receives a request for a reasonable accommodation or modification cannot immediately grant the requested accommodation or modification, the Act requires the person considering the request to engage in an interactive process with the individual with a disability or the individual's representative. The purpose of the interactive process is to exchange information to identify, evaluate, and implement a reasonable accommodation or modification that allows the individual with a disability equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling or housing opportunity. The Act does not predetermine the outcome of any interactive process. However, the Act requires that the interactive process be timely (pursuant to subsection (d)) and that it be conducted in good faith. Good faith means the person considering the request must make a fair and honest effort to engage in the interactive process and to consider the request.
(b) If the person considering the request for accommodation or modification believes they do not have sufficient information to establish either that a disability exists or the nature of the disability-related need for the accommodation or modification, or if the nexus between the disability and the requested accommodation or modification is not clear to the person considering the request for accommodation or modification, the person considering the request for accommodation must seek clarification or additional information pursuant to section 12178 from the individual with a disability or the individual's representative. The person considering the request must not deny it for lack of information without first requesting the clarification or additional information and providing a reasonable opportunity for the individual requesting the accommodation to provide it.
(c) If the person considering the request believes that the initially requested accommodation or modification cannot be granted for a reason permitted under subsections 12179(b)-(c) or section 12181, the person considering the request must try to identify if there is another accommodation or modification that is equally effective and must discuss with the individual with the disability or the individual's representative whether other alternative accommodations or modifications would be equally effective in meeting the needs of the individual with a disability. Equally effective means that the alternative accommodation or modification will allow the person with the disability to use and enjoy a dwelling or housing opportunity as well as the requested accommodation or modification would have. If an alternative accommodation or modification would effectively meet the disability-related needs of the individual and could not be lawfully denied for a reason permitted under subsection 12179(b)-(c), the person considering the request must grant it. The individual requesting the accommodation or modification is not obligated to accept an alternative accommodation or modification if the alternative accommodation or modification will not meet the needs of the individual with the disability and the initially requested accommodation or modification could not be lawfully denied for a reason permitted under section 12179. The individual with the disability has the most accurate knowledge about the functional limitations posed by their disability, and therefore the individual's preferences should be given significant weight.
(d) Requests for reasonable accommodations or modifications must be promptly considered as determined on a case-by-case basis. The time necessary to respond to a request depends on many factors, including:
(1) The nature of the accommodation or modification under consideration;
(2) Whether it is necessary to obtain supporting information because the disability or the need for the accommodation or modification is not obvious or known to the person considering the request;
(3) Whether the accommodation or modification is needed on an urgent basis; and
(4) Whether it is necessary to engage in the interactive process to resolve the request.
(e) An undue delay by the person considering the request, for example, when there is a failure to act promptly on the need to acquire additional information pursuant to section 12178 or when there is no response to the request in a reasonable time, may constitute a denial of a reasonable accommodation or modification. Whether a request has been promptly considered is a case-by-case factual determination.
(f) A failure to reach an agreement on an accommodation or modification request after a reasonable attempt to do so is in effect a decision not to grant the requested accommodation or modification. If the individual requesting the accommodation or modification or their representative has, after a reasonable opportunity, unreasonably failed to provide relevant information that was requested consistent with the regulations, the person considering the request may find this failure to be grounds for determining that the accommodation or modification could not be granted. What will constitute a reasonable attempt, a reasonable opportunity, or an unreasonable failure to provide relevant information will depend on the individual facts of every case, but can include factors such as the length of time spent in discussions or taken to provide information; whether the parties have acted in good faith; and whether there were clear efforts to communicate what information was required to evaluate the accommodation or modification.
(g) If after a denial of an initial request for an accommodation or modification, the individual with a disability or their representative makes a later request for the same or similar accommodation or modification, the latter request must be considered pursuant to these regulations independently of the initial request.
Note: Authority cited: Section 12935(a), Government Code. Reference: Sections 12920, 12921, 12926, 12926.1, 12927, 12948, 12955 and 12955.3, Government Code; and Auburn Woods I Homeowners Ass'n v. Fair Employment and Housing Com'n (2004) 121 Cal.App.4th 1578.
HISTORY
1. New section filed 9-16-2019; operative 1-1-2020 (Register 2019, No. 38).
2. Amendment of section and Note filed 11-19-2021; operative 1-1-2022 (Register 2021, No. 47).
This database is current through 5/6/22 Register 2022, No. 18
2 CCR § 12177, 2 CA ADC § 12177
End of Document