Home Table of Contents

§ 1322. Definitions.

3 CA ADC § 1322Barclays Official California Code of Regulations

Barclays California Code of Regulations
Title 3. Food and Agriculture
Division 2. Animal Industry
Chapter 10. Animal Confinement
Article 3. Breeding Pigs
3 CCR § 1322
§ 1322. Definitions.
Unless the context otherwise requires, the following definitions apply to this Article and words in the singular form shall be deemed to impart the plural and vice versa, as the case may demand:
(a) “Act” means the Farm Animal Cruelty statute, as amended (Chapter 13.8 (commencing with section 25990) of Division 20 of the Health and Safety Code).
(b) “Audit trail” means records that are in sufficient detail to document the identification, source, supplier, transfer of ownership, transportation, storage, segregation, handling, packaging, distribution, and sale of whole pork meat that was derived from a breeding pig, or immediate offspring of a breeding pig, confined in compliance with sections 25991 and 25992 of the Health and Safety Code and this Article, and from pork producers that hold a valid certification as a certified operation issued pursuant to Article 5 of this Chapter.
(c) “Breeding pig” means any female pig of the porcine species kept for the purpose of commercial breeding who is six (6) months of age or older, or pregnant.
(d) “Certified operation” means as defined in section 1326(e) of this Chapter.
(e) “Certifying agent” means as defined in section 1326(f) of this Chapter.
(f) “Commercial sale” for purposes of section 25991(o) of the Health and Safety Code and this Article means to sell, exchange, barter, trade, transfer title or possession, or distribute, conditional or otherwise, in California commerce including, but not limited to, transactions by a retailer with a consumer and electronic transactions made using the internet. It shall not include any of the following transactions or transfers of possession, which apply only to a specific transaction listed below, not to the covered product itself, and therefore does not apply to all subsequent commercial sales of whole pork meat:
(1) Whole pork meat produced outside of the state that enters and exits California, without additional processing or repackaging, exclusively for purposes of transshipment or export outside of the state;
(2) Any sale of whole pork meat undertaken on the premises of an establishment at which mandatory inspection is provided under the Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 601 et seq.) and that holds an establishment number (prefix “M”) granted by the Food Safety Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture; or that is made directly to federal agencies or that takes place on federal lands located within the state; or
(3) Any sale of whole pork meat which takes place on tribal lands located within the state; or
(4) Donations to nonprofit organizations that have a tax exemption under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C.).
(g) “Consumer” means any person who purchases whole pork meat, as defined in section 25991(u) of the Health and Safety Code and this Article, for the sole purpose of their own personal use or consumption, or that purchases or consumes cooked pork meat at a restaurant, food facility, or other business that serves cooked or ready-to-eat pork meat to customers or patrons.
(h) “Container” means any box, case, basket, tote, can, carton, sack, pouch, bag, package, wrapper, receptacle, or any other device which is used to facilitate the handling, distribution, transportation, or commercial sale of whole pork meat.
(i) “Cottage food operation” means an establishment as defined in section 113758 of the Health and Safety Code.
(j) “Curing agents” for purposes of section 25991(u) of the Health and Safety Code and this Article means any substance listed and described in section 424.21(c) of Title 9 of the Code of Federal Regulations (January 2021), hereby incorporated by reference.
(k) “Cut” for purposes of section 25991(u) of the Health and Safety Code and this Article means any uncooked primal, wholesale, sub-primal or retail cut including, but not limited to, those identified and described in the United States Department of Agriculture's Institutional Meat Purchase Specifications: Fresh Pork Series 400 (November 2014 Edition) and the 2014 Uniform Retail Meat Identity Standards developed by the Industry-Wide Cooperative Meat Identification Standards Committee, hereby incorporated by reference, but shall exclude any ground or otherwise comminuted meat products.
(l) “Department” means the California Department of Food and Agriculture.
(m) “Document of title” means a document which in the regular course of business or financing is treated as adequately evidencing that the person in possession of it is entitled to receive, hold, and dispose of the document and the whole pork meat it covers. Examples of such documents include, but are not limited to, bill of lading, dock warrant, dock receipt, warehouse receipt, or an order for the delivery of whole pork meat.
(n) “Enclosure” means a structure used to confine a covered animal or animals. For purposes of this subsection and this Article, a structure means any cage, crate, pen, or other construction used to confine a breeding pig.
(o) “End-user” means any of the following:
(1) A consumer;
(2) A retailer that is not a pork producer and only conducts commercial sales directly to a consumer, without any further distribution, of whole pork meat;
(3) A food processing facility or cottage food operation that receives whole pork meat solely for use as an ingredient to manufacture a combination food product that does not meet the definition of whole pork meat as defined in this Article; or
(4) A restaurant, food facility or other business that only cooks and serves pork meat, and/or serves only ready-to-eat pork meat, to customers, patrons or guests for purposes of consumption.
(p) “Flavoring” for purposes of section 25991(u) of the Health and Safety Code and this Article means any substance, whether artificial or natural, the function of which is to impart flavor rather than nutrition, and includes the substances listed and described in sections 172.510, 172.515(b), 182.10, 182.20, 182.40, and 182.50, and substances with a use described as a flavoring, flavoring agent, or flavoring enhancer in part 184 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (April 2021), hereby incorporated by reference.
(q) “Food facility” means a facility as defined in section 113789 of the Health and Safety Code.
(r) “Food processing facility” means a facility as defined in section 109947 of the Health and Safety Code.
(s) “Person” means any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, limited liability company, corporation, estate, trust, receiver, or syndicate.
(t) “Pork distributor” means a person or facility engaged in the business of commercial sales or distribution of whole pork meat (as a pork producer or otherwise) to an end-user in California. This definition shall not apply to a person or facility that only receives whole pork meat as an end-user.
(u) “Pork producer” means a person engaged in the business of keeping, maintaining, confining and/or housing a female pig of the porcine species that is six (6) months of age or older, or is pregnant, for the purpose of commercial breeding to produce pork meat from the breeding pig or her immediate offspring for human consumption. This definition shall not apply to an establishment at which mandatory inspection is provided under the Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 601 et seq.) and that holds an establishment number (prefix “M”) granted by the Food Safety Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture.
(v) “Production cycle” means the lifecycle of a commercial breeding pig for the generation of immediate offspring. A production cycle for gilts begins when they are six (6) months or older and moved into an enclosure for breeding and ends when a litter of piglets is weaned. A new production cycle for sows begins when each litter of piglets is weaned.
(w) “Ready-to-eat (RTE)” means in a form that is edible without additional preparation to achieve food safety and may receive additional preparation for palatability or aesthetic, gastronomic, or culinary purposes. RTE product is not required to bear a safe-handling instruction (as required for non-RTE products by sections 317.2(l) and 381.125(b)) of Title 9 of the Code of Federal Regulations (January 2021), hereby incorporated by reference, or other labeling that directs that the product must be cooked or otherwise treated for safety and can include frozen meat products.
(x) “Records” means any information in written, visual, or electronic form that documents the activities undertaken by a producer, distributor, or certifying agent to comply with the Act and this Chapter.
(y) “Requiring cooking” for the purposes of section 25991(r) of the Health and Safety Code and this Article means not ready-to-eat in the condition sold, offered for sale or otherwise distributed.
(z) “Retailer” means a facility location that conducts commercial sales of whole pork meat to a consumer.
(aa) “Seasoning” for purposes of section 25991(u) of the Health and Safety Code and this Article is synonymous with the term “spice” and means any aromatic vegetable substance in the whole, broken, or ground form, whose primary function in food is seasoning rather than nutritional and from which no portion of any volatile oil or other flavoring principle has been removed. Spices include onions, garlic, peppers, and the spices listed in section 182.10, and Part 184 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (April 2021), hereby incorporated by reference.
(bb) “Takes physical possession” for the purposes of section 25991(o) of the Health and Safety Code and this Article means when the whole pork meat is delivered to the buyer in California, regardless of whether the title transfer takes place outside of the state, whether the seller and buyer have provided otherwise by a contract, or whether an agent of the buyer accepts the whole pork meat outside of the state for transportation into California.
(cc) “Uncooked” means requiring cooking prior to human consumption.
(dd) “Usable floorspace” shall be calculated by dividing the total square footage of floorspace provided to breeding pigs in an enclosure by the number of breeding pigs in the enclosure. This floorspace shall also include ground-space for enclosures that are outdoor pens or pastures accessible at all times by all breeding pigs confined in the enclosure.
(ee) “Whole pork meat” means any uncooked cut of pork, including bacon, ham, chop, ribs, riblet, loin, shank, leg, roast, brisket, steak, sirloin, or cutlet, that is comprised entirely of pork meat, except for seasoning, curing agents, coloring, flavoring, preservatives, and similar meat additives. Whole pork meat does not include combination food products, including soups, sandwiches, pizzas, hotdogs, or similar processed or prepared food products, that are comprised of more than pork meat, seasoning, curing agents, coloring, flavoring, preservatives, and similar meat additives.

Credits

Note: Authority cited: Section 25993, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 25990, 25991, 109947, 113758 and 113789, Health and Safety Code.
History
1. New article 3 (sections 1322-1322.9) and section filed 9-1-2022; operative 9-1-2022 pursuant to Government Code section 11343.4(b)(3) (Register 2022, No. 35). Filing deadline specified in Government Code section 11349.3(a) extended 60 calendar days pursuant to Executive Order N-40-20 and an additional 60 calendar days pursuant to Executive Order N-71-20.
This database is current through 1/27/23 Register 2023, No. 4.
Cal. Admin. Code tit. 3, § 1322, 3 CA ADC § 1322
End of Document