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§ 20320. SWRCB--General Criteria for Containment Structures. (C15: § 2541)

27 CA ADC § 20320Barclays Official California Code of Regulations

Barclays California Code of Regulations
Title 27. Environmental Protection
Division 2. Solid Waste (Refs & Annos)
Subdivision 1. Consolidated Regulations for Treatment, Storage, Processing or Disposal of Solid Waste
Chapter 3. Criteria for All Waste Management Units, Facilities, and Disposal Sites
Subchapter 2. Siting and Design
Article 4. SWRCB--Waste Management Unit Construction Standards
27 CCR § 20320
§ 20320. SWRCB--General Criteria for Containment Structures. (C15: § 2541)
(a) Material Properties--Materials used in containment structures shall have appropriate chemical and physical properties to ensure that such structures do not fail to contain waste because of pressure gradients (including hydraulic head and external hydrogeologic forces), physical contact with the waste or leachate, chemical reactions with soil and rock, climatic conditions, the stress of installation, or because of the stress of daily operation.
(b) Applicable Permeants--Hydraulic conductivities specified for containment structures other than cover shall be relative to the fluids, including waste and leachate, to be contained. Hydraulic conductivities specified for final cover shall be relative to water.
(c) Determining Hydraulic Conductivity--Hydraulic conductivities shall be determined primarily by appropriate field test methods in accordance with accepted civil engineering practice. The results of laboratory tests with both water and leachate, and field tests with water (e.g., on the test pad), shall be compared to evaluate how the field permeabilities will be affected by leachate. It is acceptable for the discharger to use appropriate compaction tests in conjunction with laboratory hydraulic conductivity tests to determine field permeabilities as long as a reasonable number of field hydraulic conductivity tests are also conducted (e.g., a sealed double-ring infiltrometer test on the test pad).
(d) Soils Used in Containment Structures--Earthen materials used in containment structures other than cutoff walls and grout curtains shall consist of a mixture of clay and other suitable fine-grained soils which have the following characteristics, and which, in combination, can be compacted to attain the required hydraulic conductivity when installed. Liners made of such materials are referred to as “clay liners” in this subchapter.
(1) At least 30 percent of the material, by weight, shall pass a No. 200 U.S. Standard sieve.
(2) The materials shall be fine-grained soils with a significant clay content and without organic matter, and which is a clayey sand, clay, sandy or silty clay, or sandy clay under a soil classification system having industry-wide use [e.g., the “SC”, “CL”, or “CH” soil classes under ASTM Designation: “2487-93 Standard Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)].
(e) Synopses--Construction standards for waste management units other than land treatment are given on Table 4.1 and in Figure 4.1.


Note: Authority cited: Section 1058, Water Code. Reference: Sections 13172 and 13360, Water Code; and Section 43103, Public Resources Code.
1. New section, Table 4.1 and Figure 4.1 filed 6-18-97; operative 7-18-97 (Register 97, No. 25).
2. Change without regulatory effect amending Table 4.1 filed 3-17-98 pursuant to section 100, title 1, California Code of Regulations (Register 98, No. 12).
3. Change without regulatory effect amending Table 4.1 filed 5-19-2000 pursuant to section 100, title 1, California Code of Regulations (Register 2000, No. 20).
This database is current through 4/5/24 Register 2024, No. 14.
Cal. Admin. Code tit. 27, § 20320, 27 CA ADC § 20320
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