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§ 7002. Restrictions on the Collection and Use of Personal Information.

11 CA ADC § 7002Barclays Official California Code of RegulationsEffective: March 29, 2023

Barclays California Code of Regulations
Title 11. Law
Division 6. California Privacy Protection Agency
Chapter 1. California Consumer Privacy Act Regulations
Article 1. General Provisions
Effective: March 29, 2023
11 CCR § 7002
§ 7002. Restrictions on the Collection and Use of Personal Information.
(a) In accordance with Civil Code section 1798.100, subdivision (c), a business's collection, use, retention, and/or sharing of a consumer's personal information shall be reasonably necessary and proportionate to achieve:
(1) The purpose(s) for which the personal information was collected or processed, which shall comply with the requirements set forth in subsection (b); or
(2) Another disclosed purpose that is compatible with the context in which the personal information was collected, which shall comply with the requirements set forth in subsection (c).
(b) The purpose(s) for which the personal information was collected or processed shall be consistent with the reasonable expectations of the consumer(s) whose personal information is collected or processed. The consumer's (or consumers') reasonable expectations concerning the purpose for which their personal information will be collected or processed shall be based on the following:
(1) The relationship between the consumer(s) and the business. For example, if the consumer is intentionally interacting with the business on its website to purchase a good or service, the consumer likely expects that the purpose for collecting or processing the personal information is to provide that good or service. By contrast, for example, the consumer of a business's mobile flashlight application would not expect the business to collect the consumer's geolocation information to provide the flashlight service.
(2) The type, nature, and amount of personal information that the business seeks to collect or process. For example, if a business's mobile communication application requests access to the consumer's contact list in order to call a specific individual, the consumer who is providing their contact list likely expects that the purpose of the business's use of that contact list will be to connect the consumer with the specific contact they selected. Similarly, if a business collects the consumer's fingerprint in connection with setting up the security feature of unlocking the device using the fingerprint, the consumer likely expects that the business's use of the consumer's fingerprint is only for the purpose of unlocking their mobile device.
(3) The source of the personal information and the business's method for collecting or processing it. For example, if the consumer is providing their personal information directly to the business while using the business's product or service, the consumer likely expects that the business will use the personal information to provide that product or service. However, the consumer may not expect that the business will use that same personal information for a different product or service offered by the business or the business's subsidiary.
(4) The specificity, explicitness, prominence, and clarity of disclosures to the consumer(s) about the purpose for collecting or processing their personal information, such as in the Notice at Collection and in the marketing materials to the consumer(s) about the business's good or service. For example, the consumer who receives a pop-up notice that the business wants to collect the consumer's phone number to verify their identity when they log in likely expects that the business will use their phone number for the purpose of verifying the consumer's identity and not for marketing purposes. Similarly, the consumer may expect that a mobile application that markets itself as a service that finds gas prices near the consumer's location will collect and use the consumer's geolocation information for that specific purpose when they are using the service.
(5) The degree to which the involvement of service providers, contractors, third parties, or other entities in the collecting or processing of personal information is apparent to the consumer(s). For example, the consumer likely expects an online retailer's disclosure of the consumer's name and address to a delivery service provider in order for that service provider to deliver a purchased product, because that service provider's involvement is apparent to the consumer. By contrast, the consumer may not expect the disclosure of personal information to a service provider if the consumer is not directly interacting with the service provider or the service provider's role in the processing is not apparent to the consumer.
(c) Whether another disclosed purpose is compatible with the context in which the personal information was collected shall be based on the following:
(1) At the time of collection of the personal information, the reasonable expectations of the consumer(s) whose personal information is collected or processed concerning the purpose for which their personal information will be collected or processed, based on the factors set forth in subsection (b).
(2) The other disclosed purpose for which the business seeks to further collect or process the consumer's personal information, including whether it is a business purpose listed in Civil Code section 1798.140, subdivisions (e)(1) through (e)(8).
(3) The strength of the link between subsection (c)(1) and subsection (c)(2). For example, a strong link exists between the consumer's reasonable expectations that the personal information will be used to provide them with a requested service at the time of collection, and the use of the information to repair errors that impair the intended functionality of that requested service. This would weigh in favor of compatibility. By contrast, for example, a weak link exists between the consumer's reasonable expectations that the personal information will be collected to provide a requested cloud storage service at the time of collection, and the use of the information to research and develop an unrelated facial recognition service.
(d) For each purpose identified in compliance with subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2), the collection, use, retention, and/or sharing of a consumer's personal information to achieve that purpose shall be reasonably necessary and proportionate. The business's collection, use, retention, and/or sharing of a consumer's personal information shall also be reasonably necessary and proportionate to achieve any purpose for which the business obtains the consumer's consent in compliance with subsection (e). Whether a business's collection, use, retention, and/or sharing of a consumer's personal information is reasonably necessary and proportionate to achieve the purpose identified in compliance with subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2), or any purpose for which the business obtains consent, shall be based on the following:
(1) The minimum personal information that is necessary to achieve the purpose identified in compliance with subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2), or any purpose for which the business obtains consent. For example, to complete an online purchase and send an email confirmation of the purchase to the consumer, an online retailer may need the consumer's order information, payment and shipping information, and email address.
(2) The possible negative impacts on consumers posed by the business's collection or processing of the personal information. For example, a possible negative impact of collecting precise geolocation information is that it may reveal other sensitive personal information about the consumer, such as health information based on visits to healthcare providers.
(3) The existence of additional safeguards for the personal information to specifically address the possible negative impacts on consumers considered by the business in subsection (d)(2). For example, a business may consider encryption or automatic deletion of personal information within a specific window of time as potential safeguards.
(e) A business shall obtain the consumer's consent in accordance with section 7004 before collecting or processing personal information for any purpose that does not meet the requirements set forth in subsection (a).
(f) A business shall not collect categories of personal information other than those disclosed in its Notice at Collection in accordance with the CCPA and section 7012. If the business intends to collect additional categories of personal information or intends to use the personal information for additional purposes that are incompatible with the disclosed purpose for which the personal information was collected, the business shall provide a new Notice at Collection. However, any additional collecting or processing of personal information shall comply with subsection (a).

Credits

Note: Authority cited: Section 1798.185, Civil Code. Reference: Sections 1798.100, 1798.106, 1798.121, 1798.130, 1798.135 and 1798.185, Civil Code.
History
1. New section filed 3-29-2023; operative 3-29-2023 pursuant to Government Code section 11343.4(b)(3) (Register 2023, No. 13).
This database is current through 5/10/24 Register 2024, No. 19.
Cal. Admin. Code tit. 11, § 7002, 11 CA ADC § 7002
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