Home Table of Contents

§ 1594. Watercraft.

18 CA ADC § 1594BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS

Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 18. Public Revenues
Division 2. California Department of Tax and Fee Administration - Business Taxes (State Board of Equalization - Business Taxes, See Chapters 6 and 9.9)
Chapter 4. Sales and Use Tax
Article 7. Specific Kinds of Property and Exemptions Generally
18 CCR § 1594
§ 1594. Watercraft.
(a) General Exemptions. Tax does not apply to the sale of nor to the storage, use, or other consumption of watercraft which are used, leased to a lessee for use, or sold to persons for leasing to lessees for use either in interstate or foreign commerce, in commercial deep sea fishing, or in transporting persons or property to vessels or offshore drilling platforms located outside the territorial waters of this state.
(1) Interstate or Foreign Commerce. Tax does not apply if the watercraft for which the exemption is claimed is used either exclusively in interstate or foreign commerce involving the transportation of persons or property for hire or both in interstate or foreign commerce and in intrastate commerce provided the principal use of the watercraft is transportation for hire in interstate or foreign commerce. The exemption may apply to watercraft which operates between termini within the state, such as ferry boats or barges operating entirely within the state if they are principally used to transport interstate passengers or cargo and tugs that operate entirely within the state and are principally used to convoy or aid the departure or arrival of vessels to or from points outside the state.
(A) The tax applies with respect to watercraft making voyages both in interstate or foreign commerce and voyages that are exclusively in intrastate commerce where the principal use of the watercraft is in intrastate commerce.
(B) With respect to watercraft sold on or after January 1, 1987, it shall be presumed that the watercraft is not regularly used in the transportation for hire of property or persons if the annual gross receipts from such use of the watercraft do not exceed ten percent (10%) of the cost of the watercraft to the person using it, or twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), whichever is less.
(C) With respect to watercraft leased on or after January 1, 1987, it shall be presumed that the watercraft is not regularly used in the transportation for hire of property or persons, if the annual gross receipts of the lessor from the lease of the watercraft to persons using it in this manner do not exceed ten percent (10%) of the cost of the watercraft to the lessor, or twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), whichever is less.
(D) The presumptions explained in subdivisions (B) and (C) above may be rebutted by contrary evidence satisfactory to the board showing that the watercraft is regularly used in the transportation for hire of property or persons.
(E) When determining whether watercraft is regularly used by the owner or lessee in the transportation for hire of property or persons, the first 12-month period after the first functional use of the watercraft shall be used. Gross receipts from the transportation for hire of property or persons, whether in interstate or foreign commerce or in intrastate commerce, may be used to meet the minimum gross receipts requirements stipulated in subdivisions (B) and (C) above.
(2) Commercial Deep Sea Fishing. Tax does not apply if the watercraft for which the exemption is claimed is used in commercial deep sea fishing operations outside the territorial waters of this state by persons who are regularly engaged in commercial deep sea fishing if the principal use of the watercraft occurs outside the territorial waters of this state.
It shall be rebuttably presumed that “persons who are regularly engaged in commercial deep sea fishing” do not include persons who have gross receipts from commercial deep sea fishing operations that total less than $20,000 a year with respect to watercraft sold on or after July 29, 1991, and $5,000 a year with respect to watercraft sold during the period January 1, 1980 through July 28, 1991. When determining whether a person has less than the minimum amount of $5,000 or $20,000 (as applicable) in gross receipts from commercial deep sea fishing operations, the first 12-month period after the first functional use of the watercraft shall be used if the person purchasing the watercraft was not engaged in commercial deep sea fishing at the time of purchase. If the person purchasing the watercraft is already engaged in commercial deep sea fishing operations, the person will not be considered to be regularly engaged in the business of commercial deep sea fishing unless receipts from commercial deep sea fishing operations aggregate at least the minimum amount during any consecutive 12-month period which includes the first operational use of the watercraft as to which exemption is claimed. Fish receipts from either commercial deep sea fishing within the territorial waters of this state or from commercial deep sea fishing outside the waters of California may be used to meet the minimum fish receipts requirements. The tax applies with respect to watercraft used in commercial deep sea fishing operations if the principal use occurs within the territorial waters of this state.
(3) Transporting Persons or Property to Vessels or Offshore Drilling Platforms. Tax does not apply if the watercraft is used in transporting for hire persons or property to vessels or offshore drilling platforms located outside the territorial waters of this state provided that the watercraft is functionally used 80 percent or more of the time in such transportation activities.
(b) Use of Watercraft.
(1) Interstate or Foreign Commerce. In addition to the requirement that the watercraft be regularly used in the transportation for hire of property and persons, the watercraft for which the exemption is claimed must actually be used principally in interstate or foreign commerce.
In determining whether a purchaser or a lessee of a watercraft is using that watercraft in interstate or foreign commerce, only that use of the watercraft by the purchaser or lessee during the first 12 consecutive months commencing with the first operational use of the watercraft will be considered. If the purchaser does not own the watercraft for 12 consecutive months commencing with the first operational use, then the period of time commencing with the first operational use that the purchaser owns the watercraft will be considered.
(2) Commercial Deep Sea Fishing In addition to the requirement that the watercraft be used by persons who are regularly engaged in commercial deep sea fishing, the watercraft as to which exemption is claimed must itself actually be used principally in commercial deep sea fishing operations outside the territorial waters of this state. In determining whether a buyer or a lessee of a watercraft is using that watercraft in commercial deep sea fishing operations outside the territorial waters of this state, only that use of the watercraft by the purchaser or lessee during the first 12 consecutive months commencing with the first operational use of the watercraft will be considered. If the purchaser does not own the watercraft for 12 consecutive months commencing with the first operational use, then the period of time commencing with the first operational use that the purchaser owns the watercraft will be considered.
(3) Transporting Persons or Property to Vessels or Offshore Drilling Platforms. In determining whether a purchaser or a lessee of a watercraft is using that watercraft in transporting for hire persons or property to vessels or offshore drilling platforms located outside the territorial waters of this state, only that functional use of the watercraft by the purchaser or lessee during the first 12 consecutive months commencing with the first operational use of the watercraft will be considered. If the purchaser does not own the watercraft for 12 consecutive months commencing with the first operational use, then the period of time commencing with the first operational use that the purchaser owns the watercraft will be considered.
(4) For purposes of this regulation:
(A) “Principal use” means more than one-half of the operational use during the test period.
(B) “Operational use” or “functional use” means the actual time during which the watercraft is operated and shall not include storage, modification, repair, or replacement.
(c) Component Parts of Watercraft. The tax does not apply with respect to tangible personal property becoming a component part of watercraft, exempt under subdivision (a) of this regulation, in the course of constructing, repairing, cleaning, altering or improving that watercraft.
(1) Items Included. To be considered a “component part” of a watercraft for purposes of the exemption the property must be an integral part of the watercraft, affixed or attached thereto in a substantial manner when in use. The following examples are illustrative only, and do not constitute a complete list:
The hull and all affixed property constituting an integral part thereof.
All property affixed or attached to the structure of the watercraft used while thus affixed or attached for navigation or operation, such as: radio transmitters, receivers and other radio equipment, radar equipment, intercommunication systems, winches, anchors, lifeboats, engines, generators, switch-gear, compasses, indicators, levers, control and signal systems, lamps, chains and cables.
All property affixed or attached to the structure of the watercraft used while thus affixed or attached for the comfort or convenience of the passengers and crew, such as: built-in bunks, furniture attached by bolts, screws or otherwise, including counters, shelves, stools, railing, stairs, partitions, doors, windows, window shades and curtains, awnings, hardware, stoves, sinks and other plumbing fixtures, and paint.
(2) Items Excluded. Property is not considered a component part of a watercraft for purposes of the exemption if it is a kind commonly treated as expense items and is not affixed or attached to the watercraft in a substantial manner when in use. The following examples are illustrative only, and do not constitute a complete list:
Portable equipment, furniture, devices and other property, such as; chairs, deck chairs, table or floor radios, table or floor lamps, dishes and other utensils, tables, bedding, linen, mattresses, cots, athletic or recreational equipment (not affixed or attached), pictures, fire extinguishers (portable), tools, brooms, mops, rags, towels, oil, grease, soap, cleaning materials and other consumable supplies.
(d) Watercraft Exemption Certificate. The law provides that for the purposes of the proper administration of the sales and use tax and to prevent the evasion of the sales tax it shall be presumed that all gross receipts are subject to the tax until the contrary is established. This presumption may be rebutted by the seller as to any sale of watercraft or component parts of watercraft by establishing to the satisfaction of the Board that the gross receipts from the sale are not subject to the tax or by timely taking a watercraft exemption certificate substantially in the form set forth below. The certificate shall relieve the seller from liability for the sales tax only if it is taken in good faith.
For special provisions affecting watercraft, see Regulation 1610 (18 CCR 1610), “Vehicles, Vessels and Aircraft”.
WATERCRAFT EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE
I HEREBY CERTIFY: That the watercraft identified below is used
( ) In the transportation by water of persons or property for hire in interstate or foreign commerce [FNa1];
( ) In commercial deep sea fishing operations outside the territorial waters of this state [FNa1];
( ) In transporting for hire persons or property to vessels or offshore drilling platforms located outside the territorial waters of this state;
That all tangible personal property which I shall purchase from described on purchase orders, or invoices, as tax exempt under Section 6368 of the Sales and Use Tax Law and Regulation 1594 consists of watercraft or tangible personal property becoming a component part of watercraft in the course of constructing, repairing, cleaning, altering, or improving the same, which watercraft will be used principally in the operation checked above.
________
[FNa1]
Revenue and Taxation Code section 6368(b) creates a rebuttable presumption that you are not regularly engaged in commercial deep sea fishing if your gross receipts from such operations are less than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000) a year. Revenue and Taxation Code section 6368(c) creates a rebuttable presumption that the watercraft is not regularly used in interstate or foreign commerce if your yearly gross receipts from such operations do not exceed 10 percent of the cost of the watercraft or twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), whichever is less.
Date Certificate Given _________________________________________
Purchaser ______________________________________________________
(Company Name)
Address ________________________________________________________
Signed By ______________________________________________________
(Signature of Authorized Person)
________________________________________________________________
(Print or Type Name)
Title __________________________________________________________
(Owner, Partner, Purchasing Agent, etc.)
Seller's Permit No. (if any) ___________________________________
and/or Fish and Game License No. _______________________________
Names of Watercraft for which certifying purchaser will be making purchases:
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
Note: Authority cited: Section 7051, Revenue and Taxation Code. Reference: Sections 6368, 6368.1 and 6421, Revenue and Taxation Code.
HISTORY
1. Amendment and renumbering of former section 1992 filed 8-7-69; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 69, No. 32).
2. Amendment filed 10-19-78; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 78, No. 42).
3. Amendment of subsections (a)(3), (b)(2) and (d) filed 2-28-80; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 80, No. 9).
4. Amendment filed 8-23-85; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 85, No. 34).
5. Amendment filed 11-25-87; operative 12-25-87 (Register 87, No. 48).
6. Amendment filed 7-27-88; operative 8-26-88 (Register 88, No. 32).
7. Amendment of subsection (a)(2), repealer of subsection (d) and relettering, amendment of new subsection (d) and “Watercraft Exemption Certificate”, repealer of “Diesel Fuel Exemption Certificate” and amendment of Note filed 12-21-92; operative 1-20-93 (Register 92, No. 52).
This database is current through 5/6/22 Register 2022, No. 18
18 CCR § 1594, 18 CA ADC § 1594
End of Document