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§ 72319. Nursing Service - Restraints and Postural Supports.


Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 22. Social Security
Division 5. Licensing and Certification of Health Facilities, Home Health Agencies, Clinics, and Referral Agencies
Chapter 3. Skilled Nursing Facilities
Article 3. Required Services (Refs & Annos)
22 CCR § 72319
§ 72319. Nursing Service - Restraints and Postural Supports.
(a) Written policies and procedures concerning the use of restraints and postural supports shall be followed.
(b) Restraints shall only be used with a written order of a licensed healthcare practitioner acting within the scope of his or her professional licensure. The order must specify the duration and circumstances under which the restraints are to be used. Orders must be specific to individual patients. In accordance with Section 72317, there shall be no standing orders and in accordance with Section 72319(i)(2)(A), there shall be no P.R.N. orders for physical restraints.
(c) The only acceptable forms of physical restraints shall be cloth vests, soft ties, soft cloth mittens, seat belts and trays with spring release devices. Soft ties means soft cloth which does not cause abrasion and which does not restrict blood circulation.
(d) Restraints of any type shall not be used as punishment, as a substitute for more effective medical and nursing care, or for the convenience of staff.
(e) No restraints with locking devices shall be used or available for use in a skilled nursing facility.
(f) Seclusion, which is defined as the placement of a patient alone in a room, shall not be employed.
(g) Restraints shall be used in such a way as not to cause physical injury to the patient and to insure the least possible discomfort to the patient.
(h) Physical restraints shall be applied in such a manner that they can be speedily removed in case of fire or other emergency.
(i) The requirements for the use of physical restraints are:
(1) Treatment restraints may be used for the protection of the patient during treatment and diagnostic procedures such as, but not limited to, intravenous therapy or catheterization procedures. Treatment restraints shall be applied for no longer than the time required to complete the treatment.
(2) Physical restraints for behavior control shall only be used on the signed order of a physician, or unless the provisions of section 1180.4(e) of the Health and Safety Code apply to the patient, a psychologist, or other person lawfully authorized to prescribe care, except in an emergency which threatens to bring immediate injury to the patient or others. In such an emergency an order may be received by telephone, and shall be signed within 5 days. Full documentation of the episode leading to the use of the physical restraint, the type of the physical restraint used, the length of effectiveness of the restraint time and the name of the individual applying such measures shall be entered in the patient's health record.
(A) Physical restraints for behavioral control shall only be used with a written order designed to lead to a less restrictive way of managing, and ultimately to the elimination of, the behavior for which the restraint is applied. There shall be no PRN orders for behavioral restraints.
(B) Each patient care plan which includes the use of physical restraint for behavior control shall specify the behavior to be eliminated, the method to be used and the time limit for the use of the method.
(C) Patients shall be restrained only in an area that is under supervision of staff and shall be afforded protection from other patients who may be in the area.
(j) When drugs are used to restrain or control behavior or to treat a disordered thought process, the following shall apply:
(1) The specific behavior or manifestation of disordered thought process to be treated with the drug is identified in the patient's health record.
(2) The plan of care for each patient specifies data to be collected for use in evaluating the effectiveness of the drugs and the occurrence of adverse reactions.
(3) The data collected shall be made available to the prescriber in a consolidated manner at least monthly.
(4) PRN orders for such drugs shall be subject to the requirements of this section.
(k) “Postural support” means a method other than orthopedic braces used to assist patients to achieve proper body position and balance. Postural supports may only include soft ties, seat belts, spring release trays or cloth vests and shall only be used to improve a patient's mobility and independent functioning, to prevent the patient from falling out of a bed or chair, or for positioning, rather than to restrict movement. These methods shall not be considered restraints.
(1) The use of postural support and the method of application shall be specified in the patient's care plan and approved in writing by the physician, psychologist, or other person lawfully authorized to provide care.
(2) Postural supports shall be applied:
(A) Under the supervision of a licensed nurse.
(B) In accordance with principles of good body alignment and with concern for circulation and allowance for change of position.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 1275, 100275 and 131200, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 1276, 1316.5, 131050, 131051 and 131052, Health and Safety Code; andValdivia, et al. v. Coye, U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California, Case No. CIV S-90-1226.
1. Amendment of subsection (b) and Note filed 5-25-95; operative 6-26-95 (Register 95, No. 21).
2. Amendment of subsections (b), (i)(2) and (k)(1) and Note filed 3-3-2010; operative 4-2-2010 (Register 2010, No. 10).
This database is current through 6/24/22 Register 2022, No. 25
22 CCR § 72319, 22 CA ADC § 72319
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