§ 2038. Performance Warranty Requirements for 1990 and Subsequent Model Passenger Cars, Light-D...
13 CA ADC § 2038BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS
Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 13. Motor Vehicles
Division 3. Air Resources Board
Chapter 1. Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Devices
Article 6. Emission Control System Warranty (Refs & Annos)
13 CCR § 2038
§ 2038. Performance Warranty Requirements for 1990 and Subsequent Model Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, and Motor Vehicle Engines Used in Such Vehicles.
This section shall apply to 1990 and subsequent model passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty vehicles, and motor vehicle engines used in such vehicles required to be inspected under any California statutorily authorized motor vehicle emissions inspection and maintenance program. The warranty period shall begin on the date the vehicle is delivered to an ultimate purchaser, or if the vehicle is first placed in service as a “demonstrator” or “company” car prior to delivery, on the date it is first placed in service.
(b) General Emissions Warranty Coverage.
The manufacturer of each passenger car, light-duty truck, and medium-duty vehicle shall warrant to the ultimate purchaser and each subsequent purchaser that the vehicle or engine:
(1) Is designed, built, and equipped so as to conform with all applicable regulations adopted by the Air Resources Board pursuant to its authority in chapters 1 and 2, part 5, division 26 of the Health and Safety Code; and
(2) Will, for a period of three years or 50,000 miles, whichever first occurs, pass an inspection established under section 44012 of the Health and Safety Code (“inspection”).
(c) Written Instructions.
(1) Each vehicle or engine manufacturer shall furnish with each new vehicle or engine, written instructions for the required maintenance and use of this vehicle or engine by the vehicle owner (written instructions), and the written instructions shall be consistent with this article and applicable regulations in article 2 of this subchapter.
(2) Prior to the 2001 model year, each vehicle or engine manufacturer shall submit the documents required by section (c)(1) with the vehicle or engine manufacturer's preliminary application for new vehicle or engine certification for approval by the Executive Officer.
(3) For 2001 and subsequent model years, each vehicle or engine manufacturer shall submit the documents required by section (c)(1) with the Part 2 Application for Certification pursuant to the “California 2001 through 2014 Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2009 through 2016 Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles,” incorporated by reference in title 13, CCR section 1961(d), or the “California 2015 and Subsequent Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2017 and Subsequent Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles,” incorporated by reference in title 13, CCR section 1961.2(d), as applicable.
(4) The Executive Officer may reject or require modification of written instructions for, among other reasons, incompleteness or lack of clarity. Approval by the Executive Officer of the written instructions shall be a condition of certification. The Executive Officer shall approve or disapprove the written instructions within 90 days of the date such documents are received from the vehicle or engine manufacturer. Any disapproval shall be accompanied by a statement of the reasons therefore. In the event of disapproval, the engine or vehicle manufacturer may petition the Board to review the decision of the Executive Officer.
(d) Proper Use and Maintenance.
(1) An emission performance warranty claim may be denied if the vehicle or engine manufacturer demonstrates that the vehicle or engine's failure of the inspection was directly caused by abuse, neglect, or improper maintenance as reflected by a failure to maintain or use the vehicle or engine in accordance with the written instructions.
(2) Except as provided in section (d)(5), a vehicle or engine manufacturer may deny an emission performance warranty claim on the basis of noncompliance with the written instructions only if:
(A) An owner is not able to comply with a request by a manufacturer for evidence pursuant to section (d)(4); or
(B) Notwithstanding the evidence presented pursuant to section (d)(4), the vehicle or engine manufacturer is able to prove that the vehicle failed an inspection because the vehicle was abused, the required maintenance and use was performed in a manner resulting in a component being improperly installed or a component or related parameter being adjusted substantially outside of the vehicle or engine manufacturer's specifications, or maintenance was performed on a vehicle which resulted in the removing or rendering inoperative of any component affecting the vehicle's emissions.
(3) When determining whether an owner has complied with the written instructions, a vehicle or engine manufacturer may require a owner to submit evidence of compliance only with those written instructions for which the vehicle or engine manufacturer has an objective reason for believing:
(A) Were not performed, and;
(B) If not performed, could be the cause of the particular vehicle's failed inspection.
(4) Evidence of compliance with a maintenance instruction may consist of:
(A) A maintenance log book which has been validated at the approximate time or mileage intervals specified in the written instructions by someone who regularly engages in the business of servicing automobiles for the relevant maintenance; or
(B) A repair order, sales receipt, or similar evidence showing that the vehicle has been submitted for scheduled maintenance at the approximate time or mileage intervals specified in the written instructions to someone who regularly engages in the business of servicing automobiles for the purpose of performing the relevant maintenance; or
(C) A statement by the vehicle owner that the maintenance was performed at the approximate time or mileage interval specified in the written instructions using proper replacement parts.
(5) In no case may a vehicle or engine manufacturer deny an emission performance warranty claim on the basis of:
(A) Warranty work or predelivery service performed by any facility authorized by the vehicle or engine manufacturer to perform such work or service; or
(B) Work performed in an emergency situation to rectify an unsafe condition, including an unsafe driveability condition, attributable to the vehicle or engine manufacturer, provided the vehicle owner has taken steps to put the vehicle back in a conforming condition in a timely manner; or
(C) Any cause attributable to the vehicle or engine manufacturer; or
(D) The use of any fuel which is commonly available in the geographical area in which the vehicle or engine is located, unless the written instructions specify that the use of that fuel would adversely affect the emission control devices and systems of the vehicle, and there is commonly available information for the vehicle owner to identify the proper fuel to be used.
(6) The vehicle owner may perform maintenance or have maintenance performed more frequently than required in the written instructions.
(7) Except as specified in section (d)(2)(B) above, failure of the vehicle or engine owner to ensure the performance of such scheduled maintenance or to keep maintenance records shall not, per se, be grounds for disallowing a warranty claim.
(e) Repair, adjustment, or replacement of any part under the warranty provisions of this article shall be performed at no charge to the vehicle or engine owner at a warranty station, except where a warranted part is not available to the vehicle or engine owner within a reasonable time (in no case more than 30 days) after the vehicle or engine is initially presented to the warranty station for repair. In case of such unavailability, repairs may be performed at any available service establishment, or by the owner, using any replacement part. The manufacturer shall reimburse the owner for his or her expenses including diagnostic charges for such repair or replacement, not to exceed the manufacturer's suggested retail price for all warranted parts replaced and labor charges based on the manufacturer's recommended time allowance for the warranty repair and the geographically appropriate hourly labor rate. A vehicle or engine owner may reasonably be required to keep receipts and failed parts in order to receive reimbursement due to such unavailability, provided the manufacturer's written instructions advise the owner of this obligation.
(f) The vehicle or engine manufacturer shall be liable for damages to other vehicle components proximately caused by a failure under warranty of any warranted part.
(g) Any replacement part may be used in the performance of any maintenance or repairs. Any replacement part designated by a vehicle or engine manufacturer may be used in warranty repairs provided without charge to the vehicle owner. Such use shall not reduce the warranty obligations of the vehicle or engine manufacturer, except that the vehicle or engine manufacturer shall not be liable under this article for repair or replacement of any replacement part which is not a warranted part (except as provided under section (d) above).
(h) Any add-on or modified part exempted by the Air Resources Board from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code section 27156 may be used on a vehicle or engine. Such use, in and of itself, shall not be grounds for disallowing a warranty claim made in accordance with this article. The vehicle or engine manufacturer shall not be liable under this article to warrant failures of warranted parts caused by the use of such an add-on or modified part.
(i) Warranty Claim Procedures.
(1) A warranty claim may be submitted by bringing a vehicle to any repair facility authorized by the vehicle or engine manufacturer to service that vehicle.
(2) The manufacturer of each vehicle or engine to which the warranty is applicable shall establish procedures as to the manner in which a claim under the emission performance warranty is to be processed. The procedures shall provide for a final decision and repair of a warrantable condition by the vehicle or engine manufacturer within a reasonable time, not to exceed 30 days from the time at which the vehicle is initially presented for repair, or unless a delay:
(A) is requested by the vehicle owner, or
(B) is caused by an event not attributable to the vehicle or engine manufacturer or the warranty station.
(3) Within the time period specified in section (i)(2), the manufacturer shall provide the owner, in writing, with an explanation as to why the claim is being denied.
(4) Failure to notify a vehicle owner that a warrantable condition does not exist within the required time period of section (i)(2), for reasons other than those provided for in sections (i)(2)(A) and (B), shall result in the vehicle or engine manufacturer being responsible for repairing the vehicle free of charge to the vehicle owner.
(5) The vehicle or engine manufacturer shall incur all costs associated with a determination that an emission performance warranty claim is valid.
(j) Warranty services or repairs shall be provided at all of a vehicle or engine manufacturer's dealerships which are franchised to service the subject vehicles or engines.
(k) The vehicle owner shall not be charged for diagnostic labor which leads to the determination of a warrantable condition provided that such diagnostic work is performed at a warranty station.
(l) Throughout the vehicle or engine's warranty period defined in section (b), the vehicle or engine manufacturer shall maintain a supply of warranted parts sufficient to meet the expected demand for such parts. The lack of availability of such parts or the incompleteness of the repairs within a reasonable time period, not to exceed 30 days from the time the vehicle or engine is initially presented to the warranty station for repair, shall constitute an unavailability of parts for purposes of section (e).
(m) The Executive Officer may request and, in such case, the vehicle or engine manufacturer shall provide, any documents which describe the vehicle or engine manufacturer's warranty procedures or policies.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 39600 and 39601, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 43106, 43204, 43205, 44004, 44010, 44011, 44012, 44014, and 44015, Health and Safety Code.
1. New section filed 1-16-79; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 79, No. 3).
2. Amendment filed 11-26-90; operative 12-26-90 (Register 91, No. 3).
3. Amendment of subsection (m)filed 10-28-99; operative 11-27-99 (Register 99, No. 44).
4. Amendment filed 11-9-2007; operative 11-9-2007 pursuant to Government Code section 11343.4 (Register 2007, No. 45).
5. Amendment of subsection (c)(3) filed 8-7-2012; operative 8-7-2012 pursuant to Government Code section 11343.4 (Register 2012, No. 32).
This database is current through 1/4/19 Register 2019, No. 1
13 CCR § 2038, 13 CA ADC § 2038
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