§ 18815.2. Definitions.
14 CA ADC § 18815.2BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS
Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 14. Natural Resources
Division 7. Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery
Chapter 9. Planning Guidelines and Procedures for Preparing and Revising Countywide Integrated Waste Management Plans
Article 9.25. Recycling and Disposal Reporting System
14 CCR § 18815.2
§ 18815.2. Definitions.
(a) For the purposes of this article, the following terms have the meanings given below.
(1) “Alternative daily cover” or “ADC” has the same meaning as in section 20690 of Title 27 of the California Code of Regulations.
(2) “Alternative intermediate cover” or “AIC” has the same meaning as in section 20700 of Title 27 of the California Code of Regulations.
(3) “Automobile dismantler” has the same meaning as in section 17402.5(c)(1) of this division. This does not include automobile shredders, as defined in section 17402.5(c)(2) of this division.
(4) “Automobile shredder” or “Metal shredder” has the same meaning as in section 17402.5(c)(2) of this division. This does not include automobile dismantlers, which has the same meaning as in section 17402.5(c)(1) of this division.
(5) “Beneficial reuse” has the same meaning as in section 20686 of Title 27 of the California Code of Regulations and occurs at disposal facilities. Beneficial reuse does not include the use of clean or contaminated soil. For the purposes of this section, beneficial reuse includes waste-derived materials used for:
(C) Construction, for example, final cover, foundation layer, liner operations layer, leachate and landfill gas collection systems, fill, road base, wet weather operations pads, and access roads.
(D) Landscaping and erosion control, for example, soil amendments for erosion control, dust suppression, landscaping, and stormwater protection.
(6) “Biosolids” means sewage sludge that has been treated to meet the land application standards for heavy metal concentrations, and pathogen and vector control as specified in Subparts B and D of Part 503 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(7) “Broker” means a person who takes control of material from a reporting entity in California and determines the destination of the material. When used in this article, material “sent to” or “received by” a broker does not require physical possession or legal ownership of the material, but, rather, means that the broker gains control of the material as described above. Brokers are not haulers, disposal facilities, transfer/processors, recyclers, or composters. A person that arranges or facilitates the sale or transfer of materials, but does not determine the destination of the material, is not a broker.
(8) “Business-to-business post-industrial recycling” means a recycling activity that:
(A) Meets all of the following conditions:
(i) A commercial generator generates materials as a by-product of an industrial or manufacturing process,
(ii) The commercial generator separates the material at the source of generation,
(iii) The commercial generator sells or transfers the material directly to a recycler in a business-to-business relationship, and
(iv) The recycler produces an intermediate product equivalent to a specification grade raw material for use by end users; and
(B) Does not include materials from the following sources:
(i) Residential generators,
(ii) Curbside collection of recyclables,
(iii) Collection implemented pursuant to mandatory commercial recycling requirements established in section 42649 et seq. of the Public Resources Code,
(iv) Scavengers or collectors who did not generate the materials,
(v) Collection of post-consumer materials,
(vi) Commercial generators that do not directly generate the material as a result of an industrial or manufacturing process but whose recycling or reuse activities result in the accumulation of the material, or
(vii) Contract haulers, operations or facilities that are required to have an RDRS registration number.
(9) “Carpet” has the same meaning as in section 42971(d) of the Public Resources Code.
(10) “Chipping and grinding facility or operation” means a facility or operation that meets the requirements in section 17862.1 of this division, section 17383.3 of this division for construction and demolition wood debris-related operations, or section 17852(a)(12) of this division.
(11) “Commercial sector” means businesses, industries, institutions, public organizations, school districts and universities, and multifamily residences of five or more units.
(12) “Compost” has the same meaning as in section 17896.2(a)(4) of this division. For the purposes of these regulations, compost is considered an intermediate product after it has achieved acceptable metal concentrations, pathogen reduction, and physical contamination levels as required by sections 17868.2, 17868.3, and 17868.3.1 of this division.
(13) “Composting operation” or “composting facility” has the same meaning as “compostable material handling operation” or “composting facility” as defined in section 17852(a)(12) of this division, and includes in-vessel digestion as regulated in section 17896 of this division. A person operating a “composting operation” or “composting facility” is referred to as a “composter” in these regulations.
(14) “Construction and demolition/inert debris” or “CDI” means any combination of construction and demolition debris as defined in section 17381(e) of this division and inert debris as defined in section 17381(k) of this division.
(15) “Contact information” means name, mailing address, physical address, phone number, and e-mail address.
(16) “Contract Hauler” means any person, whether through a franchise or private contract, paid to collect and move material from a generator to a reporting entity, end user, or a destination outside of the state. Any material delivered by a contract hauler is referred to as “contract-hauled” in these regulations.
(17) “Conveyance system” means a method designed to move material from one facility or operation to another facility or operation on the same site. Examples of a conveyance system include, but are not limited to, conveyor belts, pipes, tubes, and heavy equipment, such as a front-end loader.
(18) “Department” means the California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery.
(19) “Designated waste” has the same meaning as in section 13173 of the California Water Code.
(20) “Disaster debris” has the same meaning as in section 17210.1(d) of this division.
(21) “Direct-hauled” means material sent directly to a transfer/processor or disposal facility from either a generator or another reporting entity that is not a transfer/processor.
(22) “Disposal” has the same meaning as section 40192 of the Public Resources Code, but does not include lawful land application that complies with section 17852(a)(24.5) of this division, or EMSW conversion of tires or biomass that have been separated from other solid waste prior to receipt by an EMSW conversion facility.
(23) “Disposal facility” means a facility where the disposal of solid waste occurs, including, but not limited to:
(B) Engineered municipal solid waste conversion facilities,
(C) Transformation facilities, and
(D) Inert debris and CDI disposal facilities as specified in sections 17388.4 and 17388.5 of this division.
(24) “End user” means a person who uses a material, as defined in this section, within the following categories:
(A) “Manufacturing and Packaging.” This includes, but is not limited to, a person who uses the material to produce consumer products, industrial products, pet or animal feed, or packaging. It also includes a person who takes finished compost from a reporting entity and blends, packages, bags or distributes it to consumers. Manufacturers who produce consumer or industrial products with recycled content and do not transfer or sell intermediate products to other entities are “end users,” not reporting entities.
(B) “Fuel consumer.” This includes, but is not limited to, a person who takes or uses material, including, but not limited to, biomass or tires for use as fuel. Biomass conversion is a “fuel consumer end use.” EMSW conversion of tires and biomass that have been separated from other solid waste prior to receipt by an EMSW conversion facility is a “fuel consumer end use.” A “transformation facility” as defined in subsection (a)(61) that is not considered an “EMSW facility” as defined in section 40131.2(b) of the Public Resources Code is not a “fuel consumer.”
(C) “Material consumer.” This includes, but is not limited to, a person who takes an intermediate product derived from organics or recyclables from a reporting entity for general consumer distribution or retail, such as compost or wood chips.
(D) “Construction end user.” This includes, but is not limited to, a person who takes a material and uses it in construction.
(E) “Land application.” This includes, but is not limited to, a person who takes an organic intermediate product and uses it for land application.
(F) “Inert debris fill.” This includes, but is not limited to, a person who takes inert debris and uses it for engineered fill.
(25) “Engineered municipal solid waste conversion” or “EMSW conversion” has the same meaning as in section 40131.2 of the Public Resources Code. For the purposes of this article, EMSW conversion of solid waste shall be reported pursuant to section 18815.6(a) of this article, with the exception of tires and biomass that have been separated from other solid waste prior to receipt by an EMSW conversion facility.
(26) “Food waste” is organic solid waste and has the same meaning as “food material” in section 17852(a)(20) of this division. “Food waste” excludes “agricultural material” and “agricultural by-product material” as defined in sections 17852(a)(4.5) and 17852(a)(5) of this division. “Food waste” does not include food redirected to edible food recovery organizations, food banks, direct animal feeding, or other applications that meet the definition of “reuse” as defined in subsection (a)(52).
(27) “Food waste self-hauler” means a person who generates and hauls, utilizing their own employees and equipment, an average of one cubic yard or more per week, or 6,500 pounds or more per quarter of their own food waste to a location or facility that is not owned and operated by that person. A person who self-hauls food waste but does not meet the criteria to be considered a “food waste self-hauler” is a “self-hauler,” and not a “food waste self-hauler.”
(28) “Furniture” means large, bulky objects used to enhance a residence, business, or other space for living or working. This includes, but is not limited to, couches, chairs, dressers, tables, desks, and bed frames. Furniture does not include mattresses, as defined by section 42986(g) of the Public Resources Code.
(29) “Generator” means a person whose activities result in the initial creation of material.
(30) “Glass” means a hard, brittle, usually transparent nonhazardous substance commonly made from sand heated with chemicals. This includes, but is not limited to, whole or crushed materials derived from clear or colored containers with or without California Redemption Value, flat glass, and automotive glass.
(31) “Government entity” means an entity identified in section 40145 of the Public Resources Code or an entity formed pursuant to section 40976 of the Public Resources Code.
(32) “Hauler” means a person who collects material from a generator and delivers it to a reporting entity, end user, or a destination outside of the state. “Hauler” includes public contract haulers, private contract haulers, food waste self-haulers, and self-haulers. A person who transports material from a reporting entity to another person is a transporter, not a hauler.
(33) “Intermediate product” means a material or feedstock derived from organics or recyclables that:
(A) Either replaces or substitutes for a virgin material in a manufacturing, construction, or agricultural process, including, but not limited to, plastic pellets, plastic flake, paper pulp, crushed/baled/shredded metal, and glass cullet, or
(B) Replaces or substitutes for a virgin material in the production of energy, including, but not limited to, tires that have been separated from other solid waste prior to EMSW conversion, biomass that has been separated from other solid waste prior to EMSW conversion, and biomass at a biomass conversion facility, or
(C) Is wood chips that meet applicable industry standards for use in playgrounds, landscaping, erosion control, and by biomass conversion facilities, or
(D) Is compost, or
(E) Is a suitable homogeneous mixture used for direct land application or fill, such as aggregate or crushed miscellaneous base, or organics, including biosolids and biochar.
(34) “Jurisdiction of origin” means the place where a material is initially generated. For places located within California, this means a city, county, city and county, or regional agency with responsibility for waste management, formed pursuant to sections 40970 through 40975 of the Public Resources Code. For places located in states or territories of the United States other than the State of California, jurisdiction of origin means the state, territory, or tribal lands in which a material was generated. For places located in a country other than the United States of America, jurisdiction of origin means the country or tribal lands in which a material was generated.
(35) “Land application” has the same meaning as in section 17852(a)(24.5) of this division, and includes biosolids applied under the purview of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the statewide waste discharge requirements, also known as a general order, or individual waste discharge requirements issued by a Regional Water Quality Control Board. A person who applies “compost” as defined in subsection (a)(12) is a “material consumer” end user as defined in subsection (a)(24)(C).
(36) “Maintenance District Yard” means a transfer/processor that has been issued a Solid Waste Identification System (SWIS) number by the Department, and is directly operated by a municipality, sanitation district, county, state, or federal public works or sanitation agency, including the United States Forest Service. A “maintenance district yard” also means an unpermitted facility or operation whose primary purpose is to receive waste collected from road maintenance activities, such as sweeping public thoroughfares, litter abatement, and maintaining street trees.
(37) “Material(s)” means solid waste, recyclables, and organics, as well as intermediate products derived from these materials. “Mixed materials” means a combination of different material types.
(38) “Metal” means iron, steel, tin, aluminum, copper, and their alloys, including scrap metal and products made of these metals, like containers, building materials, and plumbing materials.
(39) “Organics” means material originated from living organisms and their metabolic waste products. This includes, but is not limited to, food, “agricultural material” as defined in section 17852(a)(5) of this subdivision, “agricultural by-product material” as defined in section 17852(a)(4.5) of this subdivision, green material, landscape and pruning waste, nonhazardous lumber and dimensional wood, manure, compostable paper, digestate, biosolids, and biogenic sludges; and any product manufactured or refined from these materials, including compost and wood chips.
(40) “Paper” means all types of paper products including pulp, corrugated cardboard, newspaper, office paper, magazines, catalogs and directories, and other composite paper products such as food and beverage cartons and containers.
(41) “Person” has the same meaning as in section 40170 of the Public Resources Code.
(42) “Plastic” means a material made from a wide range of polymers, which can be used to make rigid and flexible plastic products. This includes, but is not limited to, packaging, such as bags, bottles, caps, clamshells, containers, cups, films, and lids; household and bulky rigid items, such as buckets, crates, toys, and tubs; agricultural products, such as drip tape, film, and greenhouse covers; and other products, such as electronics housing, carpet fibers, automobile plastics, and bioplastics.
(43) “Recycle” or “recycling” has the same meaning as defined in section 40180 of the Public Resources Code. A person who engages in recycling is referred to as a “recycler” in these regulations. Recycling does not include “reuse” as defined in subsection (a)(52). For the purposes of reporting under this article, persons who are not exempt as set forth in section 18815.3(c) of this article and engage in the following activities shall register and report those activities as recyclers, as set forth in sections 18815.3(b)(4) and 18815.7 of this article:
(A) For materials such as paper, glass, metal, and plastics, recycling includes, but is not limited to, sorting, cleaning, baling, shredding, pulping, crushing, cullet making, flaking, and pelletizing.
(B) For organics that are not composted, recycling includes, but is not limited to, wastewater treatment, producing mulch, or chipping and grinding.
(C) For CDI, recycling includes, but is not limited to, sorting, crushing, grinding, shredding, sizing, or other processing.
(D) For other products including furniture, carpet, white and brown goods and textiles, recycling includes, but is not limited to, sorting, baling, crushing, cutting, shearing, deconstructing, and removing components from products for recycling (not resale or reuse).
(44) “Recycling and Disposal Reporting System” or “RDRS” means the Department's electronic system for reporting pursuant to this article.
(45) “Recycling and disposal reporting system number” or “RDRS number” means the number assigned to a reporting entity upon registration with the Department's electronic Recycling and Disposal Reporting System.
(46) “Recycling facility or operation” or “Recycler” means any facility or operation that recycles material, as defined in this article. Recycling facilities or operations include entities that meet the definition of “Recycling Center” set forth in section 17402.5(d) of this division. This also includes chipping and grinding operations, and CDI recycling centers as described in section 17381.1 of this division.
(47) “Report” means the quarterly report submitted to the Department by a reporting entity.
(48) “Reporting entity” means a person who engages in reportable activities. A “reporting entity” is required to register and report pursuant to section 18815.3 of this article. A “reporting entity” is required to report on material handling activities pursuant to sections 18815.4 through 18815.8 of this article, as applicable, within the following reporting entity categories:
(C) Recycling and composting facilities and operations
(D) Disposal facilities
(E) Brokers and transporters
(49) “Reporting period” or “Quarter” means the time period for which a report must be submitted to the Department. The four reporting periods or four quarters in each calendar year are:
(A) Reporting Period 1 - January 1 to March 31
(B) Reporting Period 2 - April 1 to June 30
(C) Reporting Period 3 - July 1 to September 30
(D) Reporting Period 4 - October 1 to December 31
(50) “Residential sector” means single-family residences and multifamily residences of less than 5 units.
(51) “Residual” has the same meaning as in section 17402.5(b)(1) of this division.
(52) “Resale for Reuse” means selling a used object or material again, to a person who will use it either for its original purpose or for a closely-related purpose, not as a raw material, but without significantly altering the physical form of the object or material. This does not include beneficial reuse.
(53) “Reuse” means the utilization of an object or material again by a person for its original purpose or for a closely-related purpose, not as a raw or intermediate material, but without significantly altering the physical form of the object or material.
(54) “Sent” means sold or transferred. “Sent” is further defined as the collection, transportation or delivery of material by a person to or from a generator, reporting entity, or an end user.
(55) “Self-hauler” means a person who hauls material they have generated to another person. “Food waste self-haulers” are a type of self-hauler.
(56) “Site” means one physical address or assessor parcel number, or multiple adjacent addresses or assessor parcel numbers, that contain(s) one or more facilities, operations, or activities.
(57) “Solid waste” has the same meaning as in section 18720(a)(40) of this chapter.
(58) “Source sector” means one of these three sources from which solid waste is generated:
(A) Contract-hauled single-family residential (e.g., houses),
(B) Contract-hauled commercial/multi-family residential (e.g., businesses and apartments), or
(C) Self-hauled (e.g., hauled by a generator). “Disaster debris” and “designated waste” disposal shall be assigned to the “self-hauled” source sector.
(59) “Textiles” means items made of natural or synthetic thread, yarn, fabric, or cloth, including clothing, fabric trimmings, and draperies, but excluding carpet.
(60) “Tire-derived rubber” means rubber from the processing of waste tires as defined in section 42807 of the Public Resources Code.
(61) “Ton,” also referred to as “short ton” or “net ton,” means 2,000 pounds. Weight of material shall be reported as handled.
(62) “Transfer/processor” has the same meaning as “Transfer/processing facilities” and “transfer/processing operations,” as defined in sections 17402(a)(30-31) of this division, as well as CDI processing operations and facilities as defined in sections 17383.5 through 17383.8 of this division, which receive, temporarily store, convert, process, and transfer materials for recycling, composting, or disposal, but do not meet the requirements of a “Recycling Center” set forth in in section 17402.5(d) of this division.
(63) “Transformation Facility” has the same meaning as in section 40201 of the Public Resources Code.
(64) “Transporter” means a person who takes physical possession and control, and determines the destination, of materials or intermediate products from a reporting entity, and transports those materials to another person inside or outside the state. A person who collects and moves materials from a generator is not a transporter. A driver employed or contracted by a reporting entity to deliver materials to a destination specified by the contracting reporting entity is not a transporter.
(65) “Wastewater treatment plant” has the same meaning as in section 3671 of Title 23 of the California Code of Regulations. For the purposes of these regulations, it is a recycling facility.
(66) “White and brown goods” means discarded major appliances and small home appliances of any color, including, but not limited to, washing machines, clothes dryers, water heaters, stoves, refrigerators, microwaves, and toasters.
(b) The material category and type definitions herein are meant to be illustrative, and not intended to be an exhaustive listing of all materials, grades, or specifications.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 40502 and 41821.5, Public Resources Code. Reference: Sections 41821.5, 41821.6, 41821.7 and 41821.8, Public Resources Code.
1. New section filed 3-5-2019; operative 3-5-2019 pursuant to Government Code section 11343.4(b)(3) (Register 2019, No. 10).
This database is current through 7/29/22 Register 2022, No. 30
14 CCR § 18815.2, 14 CA ADC § 18815.2
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