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§ 2545. Subsurface Barriers.


Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 23. Waters
Division 3. State Water Resources Control Board and Regional Water Quality Control Boards
Chapter 15. Discharges of Hazardous Waste to Land
Article 4. Construction Standards for Class I Units
23 CCR § 2545
§ 2545. Subsurface Barriers.
(a) Subsurface barriers are cutoff walls or grout curtains which are used in conjunction with natural geologic materials to assure that lateral permeability standards specified in Article 3 of this chapter are satisfied. Subsections (b) and (c) specify conditions under which cutoff walls and grout curtains are used.
(b) Cutoff walls
(1) Cutoff walls are required at Class I waste management units where there is potential for lateral movement of fluid, including waste or leachate.
(2) Cutoff walls shall be:
(A) a minimum of two feet thick for clay materials; or
(B) a minimum of 40 mils thick for synthetic materials; and
(C) keyed a minimum of five feet into natural geologic material which satisfies the applicable permeability requirements in Article 3 of this chapter.
(3) If cutoff walls are used, excavations for waste management units shall be keyed into natural geologic materials which satisfy applicable permeability requirements in Article 3 of this chapter.
(4) At closure of a waste pile or surface impoundment, all contaminated natural geologic materials present between the cutoff wall(s) and the waste shall be removed and disposed of at an authorized location, or the waste management unit shall be closed as a landfill.
(5) Cutoff walls shall have fluid collection systems installed upgradient of the structure. The systems shall be designed, constructed, operated, and maintained to prevent the buildup of hydraulic head against the structure. The collection system shall be inspected regularly, and accumulated fluid shall be removed.
(c) Grout Curtains
(1) Grout curtains may be used as needed to prevent lateral waste movement through fractures in natural geologic materials that otherwise satisfy applicable permeability requirements in Article 3 of this chapter. Only fractures that are at or near the surface and are of limited vertical extent may be grouted.
(2) The acceptability of grout curtains for a waste management unit shall include consideration of:
(A) depth and nature of fracturing; and
(B) fracture orientation.
(3) Grout characteristics shall not be adversely affected by fluid, including waste and leachate, or natural conditions.
(4) Optimum grouting pressure and placement of grout holes shall be determined by test grouting.
Note: Authority cited: Section 1058, Water Code. Reference: Sections 13172 and 13360, Water Code.
1. Amendment of subsections (a), (b)(1), (b)(2)(C) and (b)(3) filed 6-18-97; operative 7-18-97 (Register 97, No. 25).
This database is current through 6/24/22 Register 2022, No. 25
23 CCR § 2545, 23 CA ADC § 2545
End of Document