§ 2705. Field Demonstration Requirements.
13 CA ADC § 2705BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS
Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness
Title 13. Motor Vehicles
Division 3. Air Resources Board
Chapter 14. Verification Procedure, Warranty and in-Use Compliance Requirements for in-Use Strategies to Control Emissions from Diesel Engines (Refs & Annos)
13 CCR § 2705
§ 2705. Field Demonstration Requirements.
(a) The applicant must demonstrate compatibility of its diesel emission control strategy in the field with at least one vehicle or piece of equipment belonging to the initial emission control group for which it seeks verification. Note that if the durability demonstration selected by the applicant is in-field, it may be used to satisfy the field demonstration requirement for that emission control group.
(1) Compatibility is determined by the Executive Officer based on the third-party statement (see part (c) of this section) and any other data submitted including backpressure data. A diesel emission control strategy is compatible with the chosen application if it:
(A) Does not cause damage to the engine or engine malfunction
(B) Does not cause backpressure outside of the engine manufacturer's specified limits or which results in any damage to the engine
(C) Does not hinder or detract from the vehicle or equipment's ability to perform its normal functions
(D) Is physically intact and well mounted with no signs of leakage or other visibly detectable problems
(2) To determine whether additional emission control groups require separate field demonstrations, the Executive Officer may consider all relevant information, including, but not limited to existing field experience and engineering justification and analysis.
(3) Industrial Safety Requirements. The installation of a diesel emission control strategy on an off-road vehicle or piece of equipment used for a field demonstration within California must conform to all applicable industrial safety regulations (California Code of Regulations, Title 8, Division 1, Chapter 4). If all off-road field demonstrations are conducted outside of California, at least one must conform to these regulations.
(b) Test Period.
(1) For on- and off-road engines, stationary engines not used in emergency generators, marine, transport refrigeration unit, and auxiliary power system engines, a vehicle or piece of equipment must be operated with the diesel emission control strategy installed for a minimum period of 200 hours or 10,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
(2) For stationary emergency standby engines, the emission control system must remain in the field for at least 30 days and operation must include:
(A) 12 maintenance runs (allowing for engine cool down between runs), and
(B) a minimum of two separate 4 hour sessions where the engine is operated under load (allowing engine cool down between runs).
(c) Reporting Requirements.
(1) Temperature and Backpressure Measurement Requirements. For strategies that include exhaust aftertreatment, engine backpressure, exhaust temperature, and engine speed must be measured and recorded over the entire demonstration period. The applicant must propose a measurement and recording protocol for approval by the Executive Officer. The protocol may include, but is not limited to, measurement and recording of values once every few seconds, or higher frequency measurement with recording of averages, minima, and maxima over longer time intervals. The data must include an accurate date and time stamp that corresponds with periods of actual engine operation. Data must be submitted electronically in columns as a spreadsheet or text file or another format approved by the Executive Officer. Failure to submit in an approved format will terminate the application process.
(2) NOx Emissions Measurement Requirements. For strategies that include exhaust aftertreatment to reduce emissions of NOx, the mass emissions of NOx both upstream and downstream of the aftertreatment device must be measured and recorded over the entire demonstration period. The applicant must propose a measurement method for approval by the Executive Officer. The method may include, but is not limited to, the use of NOx sensors before and after the device. Measurements of NOx emissions must occur on at least a 1 Hertz basis. Data must be recorded as averages over time intervals no greater than 10 seconds. The data must include an accurate date and time stamp that corresponds with periods of actual engine operation. Data must be submitted electronically in columns as a text file or another format approved by the Executive Officer.
(3) Electronic System Codes. Error codes, fault codes, and high backpressure codes, as defined in the applicants test plan approval letter, that are generated by a diesel emission control strategy's electronic control system and/or operational monitoring system during the field demonstration must be submitted with the date and time each code occurs.
(4) Third Party Statement. The applicant must provide a written statement from a third party approved by the Executive Officer, such as the owner or operator of the vehicle or equipment used in the field demonstration. The written statement must be provided at the end of the test period and must describe the following aspects of the field demonstration: overall performance of the test application and the diesel emission control strategy, maintenance performed, problems encountered, and any other relevant information. The results of a visual inspection conducted by the third party at the end of the demonstration period must also be described. The description should comment on whether the diesel emission control strategy is physically intact, securely mounted, leaking any fluids, and should include any other evaluative observations. The third party statement must clearly identify the demonstration engine and vehicle or equipment using a unique identifier such as a vehicle identification number and engine serial number along with the engine family name, and must provide the name and contact information of the third party.
(5) Photographic Documentation. For each field demonstration, the applicant must submit digital photographs in electronic format of the following:
(A) The vehicle or piece of equipment before installation of the diesel emission control strategy. Photographs must show:
1. The entire vehicle or piece of equipment.
2. A close-up of the location in which the diesel emission control strategy will be installed.
3. All available vehicle or equipment identification including the make, model, license plate, and vehicle number.
4. All available engine identification including the make, model, and engine label.
(B) The vehicle or piece of equipment after installation of the diesel emission control strategy. Photographs must show:
1. The entire vehicle or piece of equipment showing the diesel emission control strategy installed, if possible.
2. A close-up of the installed diesel emission control strategy.
3. All available diesel emission control strategy identification including labels and logos.
(C) For a filter-based diesel emission control strategy, the outlet face of the filter after completing the field demonstration.
(d) Failure During the Field Demonstration. If the diesel emission control strategy fails, requires repair or maintenance, suffers any type of component failure, or the demonstration is aborted at any point in the course of the field demonstration, the applicant must submit a report explaining the circumstances within 45 days of the occurrence. The Executive Officer may then determine whether to deny verification or allow the applicant to correct the failed diesel emission control strategy and either continue the field demonstration or begin a new field demonstration.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 39002, 39003, 39500, 39600, 39601, 39650-39675, 40000, 43000, 43000.5, 43011, 43013, 43018, 43105, 43600 and 43700, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 39650-39675, 43000, 43009.5, 43013, 43018, 43101, 43104, 43105, 43106, 43107 and 43204-43205.5, Health and Safety Code; and Title 17 California Code of Regulations Section 93000.
1. New section filed 5-12-2003; operative 6-11-2003 (Register 2003, No. 20).
2. Amendment of subsection (b)(2) filed 12-2-2004; operative 1-1-2005 (Register 2004, No. 49).
3. Amendment of subsection (c)(1), new subsection (c)(2), subsection renumbering and amendment of newly designated subsection (c)(3) filed 1-20-2009; operative 2-19-2009 (Register 2009, No. 4).
4. New subsection (a)(3), amendment of subsections (b)(1) and (c)(1)-(3), new subsections (c)(4)-(c)(4)(C), amendment of subsection (d) and amendment of Note filed 1-18-2011; operative 2-17-2011 (Register 2011, No. 3).
5. Amendment of subsection (c)(1), new subsection (c)(3) and subsection renumbering filed 8-15-2013; operative 10-1-2013 (Register 2013, No. 33).
This database is current through 6/26/20 Register 2020, No. 26
13 CCR § 2705, 13 CA ADC § 2705
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