Rule 7. Stay of Proceedings to Enforce a Judgment
Arizona Revised Statutes AnnotatedRules of Civil Appellate Procedure
Arizona Rules of Civil Appellate Procedure (ARCAP), Rule 7
Rule 7. Stay of Proceedings to Enforce a Judgment
(A) A supersedeas bond is a bond filed in the superior court, as provided by this Rule and by applicable statutes, which stays enforcement of, or execution on, a judgment so that an appeal may be pursued. As used in this Rule, the term “bond” or “supersedeas bond” also includes other types of security as ordered by the superior court in lieu of a supersedeas bond. A party may file a supersedeas bond before or after filing a notice of appeal.
(2) Setting the Bond by Stipulation or Motion; Stay; Other Orders. The amount of the bond may be determined by stipulation or motion. Filing a motion in the superior court for a supersedeas bond under this Rule temporarily stays enforcement of, or execution on, the judgment, with the same effect as described in Rule 7(b), until the superior court has either denied the motion or set the bond amount and provided appropriate time for posting the bond. However, until a bond is posted, a party may record a judgment. Unless the motion is uncontested, on request of any party, the superior court must hold a hearing on a motion to set bond. The superior court may enter any further order, in lieu of or in addition to the bond, which may be appropriate to preserve the status quo or the effectiveness of the judgment.
The party requesting the stay must prove net worth by a preponderance of the evidence.
(5) Amount of the Bond--Judgment for Recovery of Property. If the judgment includes the recovery of an interest in real or personal property, the superior court must determine the amount of the bond, if any, that the requesting party must post. Subject to Rule 7(a)(7) and (9), the amount of the bond must be at least:
(6) Amount of the Bond--Other Judgment. If the judgment includes an injunction, or relief other than an award of money or recovery of an interest in property, the superior court must determine the amount of the bond, if any, that the requesting party must post. The superior court may issue any other orders as provided in Arizona Rule of Civil Procedure Rule 62(e). Subject to Rule 7(a)(9), the superior court should consider the bond or other orders needed to adequately:
(7) Amount of the Bond--Family Court Judgments. For that portion of any family court judgment that divides assets or orders the transfer of property or money under A.R.S. § 25-318, or that awards costs or expenses under A.R.S. § 25-324, the superior court must determine the amount of the bond, if any, that the requesting party must post, taking into account the judgment as a whole and whether requiring a bond would impose an undue hardship.
(A) Notwithstanding Rule 7(a)(4), the superior court may require a requesting party to post a bond in an amount up to the full amount of the judgment if an adverse party proves by clear and convincing evidence that the requesting party is intentionally dissipating assets outside the ordinary course of business to avoid payment of a judgment.
(B) The superior court also may lower the bond amount to an amount that will not cause a requesting party substantial economic harm, or may modify or reduce any other security required under these rules, if the requesting party proves by clear and convincing evidence that it is likely to suffer substantial economic harm if required to post a bond in the amount required under Rule 7(a)(4) through (7).
(B) Any party may file objections within 5 days after the requesting party serves a copy of the bond or a description of the other security, specifying reasons why the bond or the other described security is erroneous or defective, or why the surety or other security provider is unqualified. If the court made an ex parte determination of the amount of the bond, any other party may object to the sufficiency of the amount. A party waives any errors, defects, or insufficiencies in a supersedeas bond that are not specified in timely filed objections.
(C) If no party has timely objected, the requesting party may file the bond, or deposit other security as ordered by the superior court, with the superior court clerk. Otherwise, the superior court will hold a hearing within 10 days after service of objections. The requesting party may file the bond or deposit other security with the superior court clerk after the hearing on those objections, as allowed by the superior court.
(1) Generally. If a party requesting a stay files a supersedeas bond as stipulated or as ordered by the superior court, and has complied with all other conditions imposed by the superior court, then this Rule automatically stays enforcement of, and execution on, the judgment and all proceedings related to the execution on the judgment. The stay takes effect when the court approves the supersedeas bond and remains in effect until issuance of the appellate court's mandate, dismissal of the appeal, or as otherwise specified in the supersedeas bond or ordered by the court.
(2) Prior Order. If the superior court has issued an order allowing execution on the judgment before a supersedeas bond is filed, the superior court clerk must promptly give notice to the sheriff and must recall the execution, and there may not be any further execution on the judgment pending the appeal's resolution.
(c) Power of an Appellate Court to Enter a Stay, an Injunction, or Other Order. This Rule does not limit the power of an appellate court, or of an appellate judge or justice, to stay proceedings while an appeal is pending. A party requesting a stay from an appellate court under this Rule must first request the stay in the superior court. An appellate court or an appellate judge or justice also may suspend, modify, restore, or grant an injunction while an appeal is pending, may enter any order appropriate to preserve the status quo; and may enter any order to preserve the effectiveness of the decision that the appellate court will enter.
(d) Proceeding Against a Surety or Other Security Provider. If a party gives security in the form of a bond or other security with one or more sureties or other security providers, each provider submits to the jurisdiction of the superior court and irrevocably appoints the superior court clerk as its agent on whom any papers affecting its liability on the bond or undertaking may be served. A party may enforce the security provider's liability by motion and is not required to file an independent action. The party seeking enforcement must serve the superior court clerk with the motion and any notice of the motion required by the superior court, and the clerk must then promptly mail or otherwise distribute copies to the security provider whose address is known.
Amended June 18, 1992, effective Dec. 1, 1992; Dec. 13, 2011, effective Jan. 1, 2012; Sept. 2, 2014, effective Jan. 1, 2015; Sept. 2, 2016, effective Jan. 1, 2017; Aug. 28, 2018, effective Jan. 1, 2019.
17B A. R. S. Civil Appellate Proc. Rules, Rule 7, AZ ST CIV A P Rule 7
State Court Rules are current with amendments received and effective through May 15, 2023. The Code of Judicial Administration is current with amendments received through May 15, 2023.
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