Rule 404. Character Evidence Not Admissible to Prove Conduct; Exceptions; Other Crimes, Wrongs,...
Arizona Revised Statutes AnnotatedRules of Evidence for Courts in the State of ArizonaEffective: January 1, 2021
Effective: January 1, 2021
Arizona Rules of Evidence, Rule 404
Rule 404. Character Evidence Not Admissible to Prove Conduct; Exceptions; Other Crimes, Wrongs, or Acts
(2) Character of Victim. Evidence of a pertinent trait of character of the victim of the crime offered by an accused, or by the prosecution to rebut the same, or evidence of a character trait of peacefulness of the victim offered by the prosecution in a homicide case to rebut evidence that the victim was the first aggressor;
(B) articulate in the disclosure the permitted purpose for which the state intends to offer the evidence and the reasoning that supports the purpose. The defendant must make disclosure as to rebuttal evidence pertaining to such acts as required by Rule 15.2, no later than 20 days after receipt of the state's disclosure or at such other time as the court may allow for good cause.
In a criminal case in which a defendant is charged with having committed a sexual offense, or a civil case in which a claim is predicated on a party's alleged commission of a sexual offense, evidence of other crimes, wrongs, or acts may be admitted by the court if relevant to show that the defendant had a character trait giving rise to an aberrant sexual propensity to commit the offense charged. In such a case, evidence to rebut the proof of other crimes, wrongs, or acts, or an inference therefrom, may also be admitted.
(C) The evidentiary value of proof of the other act is not substantially outweighed by danger of unfair prejudice, confusion of issues, or other factors mentioned in Rule 403. In making that determination under Rule 403 the court shall also take into consideration the following factors, among others:
(3) In all criminal cases in which the state intends to offer evidence of other acts pursuant to this subdivision of Rule 404, the state shall make disclosure to the defendant as to such acts as required by Rule 15.1, Rules of Criminal Procedure, no later than 45 days prior to the final trial setting or at such later time as the court may allow for good cause. The defendant shall make disclosure as to rebuttal evidence pertaining to such acts as required by Rule 15.2, no later than 20 days after receipt of the state's disclosure or at such other time as the court may allow for good cause. In all civil cases in which a party intends to offer evidence of other acts pursuant to this subdivision of Rule 404, the parties shall make disclosure as required by Rule 26.1, Rules of Civil Procedure, no later than 60 days prior to trial, or at such later time as the court may allow for good cause shown.
(4) As used in this subsection of Rule 404, the term “sexual offense” is as defined in A.R.S. Sec. 13-1420(C) and, in addition, includes any offense of first-degree murder pursuant to A.R.S. Sec. 13-1105(A)(2) of which the predicate felony is sexual conduct with a minor under Sec. 13-1405, sexual assault under Sec. 13-1406, or molestation of a child under Sec. 13-1410.
Amended Oct. 19, 1988, effective Nov. 1, 1988; Aug. 19, 1997, effective Dec. 1, 1997; Sept. 27, 2005, effective Dec. 1, 2005; Aug. 27, 2020, effective Jan. 1, 2021.
17A Pt. 1 A. R. S. Rules of Evid., Rule 404, AZ ST REV Rule 404
State Court Rules are current with amendments received through November 15, 2023. The Code of Judicial Administration is current with amendments received through November 1, 2023.
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