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Rule 111. Lawsuits Involving Multiple Parties or Multiple Claims

Arizona Revised Statutes AnnotatedJustice Court Rules of Civil Procedure

Arizona Revised Statutes Annotated
Justice Court Rules of Civil Procedure (Refs & Annos)
Part IV: Starting a Lawsuit: The Complaint, the Summons, and Service of the Lawsuit
17B A.R.S. Justice Court Civ.Proc.Rules, Rule 111
Rule 111. Lawsuits Involving Multiple Parties or Multiple Claims
a. Multiple claims. A plaintiff may state in a single complaint as many claims as the plaintiff has against a defendant, even if the claims are not related. Claims involving multiple transactions or occurrences must be stated separately so that each claim is clearly presented. Each claim must have its own basis for jurisdiction in the court in which it is brought, and any claim is subject to dismissal if there is no basis for jurisdiction. Alternative claims for recovery of the same damages should not be added together in determining whether the court has jurisdiction. [ARCP 10(b), 18(a), 20(a)]
b. Separate trials concerning claims or parties. The court may make orders in the interest of justice, including severance of claims or for separate trials of claims, which will prevent a party from being embarrassed, delayed, prejudiced, or put to unreasonable expense, because the party has been named in a lawsuit. [ARCP 20(b), 21]
c. Judgment given on specific claims. If there are multiple plaintiffs, one plaintiff need not be interested in each of the claims made by the other plaintiffs; and if there are multiple defendants, each defendant need not be interested in defending against all of the claims that are made in the lawsuit. Judgment may be given for one or more of the plaintiffs according to their individual rights, and against one or more of the defendants according to their individual liabilities. [ARCP 20(a)]


Adopted Aug. 30, 2012, effective Jan. 1, 2013.
17B A. R. S. Justice Court Civ. Proc. Rules, Rule 111, AZ ST J CT RCP Rule 111
State Court Rules are current with amendments received and effective through May 15, 2023. The Code of Judicial Administration is current with amendments received through May 15, 2023.
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