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AMI 1102 Duty Owed to Trespasser

Arkansas Supreme Court Committee On Jury Instructions-Civil

Ark. Model Jury Instr., Civil AMI 1102
Arkansas Model Jury Instructions-Civil
November 2022 Update
Arkansas Supreme Court Committee On Jury Instructions-Civil
Chapter 11. Owners and Occupiers of Land
AMI 1102 Duty Owed to Trespasser
In this case was a trespasser upon the premises of .
An [owner][occupant] of property owes a trespasser no duty until [his][her] presence on the premises is known. Then the [owner][occupant] owes the trespasser only a duty not to cause [him][her] injury by willful or wanton conduct.
Use this instruction when there is no dispute that the injured person was a trespasser. If the status is in dispute, use AMI 1107.
The nature of the injured person's activities may require modification of this instruction. See Ark. Code Ann. § 18-11-301 (recreational users) and Ark. Code Ann. § 18-60-107 (persons involved in the acquisition or purchase of agricultural products).
This instruction states the rule in Ark. Code Ann. § 18-60-108 and is consistent with the holdings in Southwestern Bell Tel. Co. v. Davis, 247 Ark. 381, 445 S.W.2d 505 (1969); Cato v. St. Louis Southwestern Ry. Co., 190 Ark. 231, 79 S.W.2d 62 (1935); and Arkansas Short Line v. Bellars, 176 Ark. 53, 2 S.W.2d 683 (1928).
The duty toward a trespasser in a position of peril arises when the perilous position is discovered, not when it should have been discovered. Arkansas & L. Ry. Co. v. Sain, 90 Ark. 278, 119 S.W. 659 (1909).
The fact that an alleged trespasser is a minor is not determinative of whether he or she is a trespasser. Farm Bureau Mut. Ins. Co. of Arkansas, Inc. v. Henley, 275 Ark. 122, 628 S.W.2d 301 (1982) (six-year old child may be a trespasser).
In Coleman v. United Fence Co., 282 Ark. 344, 668 S.W.2d 536 (1984), the court held that the parking of a vehicle without permission on a landowner’s property was a continuing trespass, and the landowner was not liable for injuries to the plaintiff when he returned to remove the vehicle at the request of a company contracted by the landowner to construct a fence.
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